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Iarmor

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  1. October 11th: Israeli naval commandos try to approach the besieged Masreq stronghold by rubber boats, but retreat after taking heavy Radar-guided 130 mm coastal gun fire from the western coast of the Gulf of Suez. Egyptian commandos ambush IDF paratroopers and armor at Wadi Sudr. IAF A-4 strike finishes off the Egyptian force. October 12th: Egyptian second-echelon divisions start sending their armor across the canal, preparing for the major offensive towards central Sinai. The offensive is postponed from October 13th to the 14th. IDF 100th armored battalion, an ad-hoc established force commanded by Ehud Barak, is sent to Sinai. It was established at the Armor School camp by reserve tankers who hastily returned from abroad, with M48s which were left behind during the October 6th mobilization due to their mechanical condition. On October 14th the 100th battalion will reinforce the 460th armored brigade, 162nd armored division. October 13th: Egyptian 7th infantry division doesn't receive the order to postpone the offensive and sends its 11th mechanized infantry brigade to attack. The assault is repelled near Mitzvah second-line post by the IDF 164th armored brigade, but the IDF 252nd armored division CO, Albert Mandler, is killed by Egyptian PT-76 fire while visiting the 164th brigade HQ with his M113. Kalman Maggen, who would have succeeded Mandler on October 7th if the war hadn't start, receives the 252nd division CO duty, while the Nammer TF is now commanded by Sasson Itzhaki. IDF 162nd armored division is sent to the rear to prepare for crossing into Egypt. The division XO stays to command the front-line positions, which are handed over to the reserve 274th armored brigade (Tiran tanks). Until now, the 274th brigade was held as a reserve at Bir Al-Jifjafa (except for a short trip to Bir Ath-Thamada on October 8th, in order to face the alleged Egyptian 4th armored division assault). While 3 (227th, 228th, 25th) of its battalions take positions facing the Egyptian 2nd field army, its fourth battalion, the 225th, operates separately, split into two: two companies (including the only active-service Tiran company) defend Ras Sudr under the 35th paratrooper brigade, while two companies stay at Sharm Ash-Sheikh and prepare for landing near Al-Ghardaqa along with the 88th amphibious armored reconnaissance battalion (14 OT-62s & 6 PT-76s). After a week-long siege, IDF Masreq (aka The Pier) stronghold men surrender to the Egyptian 19th infantry division forces. The major Egyptian armor offensive of October 14th: Northern sector: Egyptian 135th independent infantry brigade assault on Yoram second-line post is repelled by IDF 204th mechanized infantry brigade (reinforced with 6 Centurions from the 429th armored battalion, 500th armored brigade). Several Egyptian T-34s are lost. The map mistakenly attributes this assault to the Egyptian 18th infantry division forces. Egyptian 2nd field army: Egyptian 18th infantry division sector: Egyptian 15th independent armored brigade assault towards Martef second-line post is repelled by IDF 11th mechanized infantry brigade, whose Shermans open fire only at 600 meters range. ~40 Egyptian T-62s are lost. IDF 228th armored battalion (274th armored brigade), reinforced by the 198th armored battalion (460th armored brigade), repels an Egyptian 136th mechanized infantry brigade assault east of Mifreqet front-line stronghold. Several Egyptian T-55s are lost. Egyptian 2nd infantry division sector: Egyptian 24th armored brigade (from the 23rd mechanized infantry division) assault is barely repelled by IDF 274th armored brigade. Under heavy Egyptian pressure, the IDF 25th battalion (whose CO is injured) is reinforced by the 430th armored battalion (from the 500th armored brigade). ~25 Egyptian T-55s are lost. However, Havragah is temporarily taken by the Egyptian 2nd infantry division forces who accompanies the 24th armored brigade. The only Tiran captured by the Egyptians in the war (from the 227th battalion) is destroyed by a Sagger missile SW of Zarqor (Kathib Abu Al-Uruq). Havragah is taken back by IDF 274th armored brigade on October 15th, in a battle during which the 274th brigade CO, Yoel Gonen, who is the younger brother of the Southern Command CO, is blown out of his tank but luckily returns to it unhurt. Egyptian 16th infantry division sector: Egyptian 21st armored division HQ crossed the canal with its 1st armored & 18th mechanized infantry brigades, joining its 14th armored brigade which had crossed at the start of the war. Zoom-in on the Egyptian 21st armored division battle with the IDF 143rd armored division: Egyptian 14th armored brigade assault towards Ziona is repelled by IDF 421st armored brigade (257th & 264th armored battalions). ~30 Egyptian T-55s are lost. IDF 599th armored battalion (green), which was held at the rear during the Egyptian morning offensive, destroys ~10 additional Egyptian 14th armored brigade T-55s afternoon. Egyptian 1st armored brigade assault towards Hamadiyah is repelled by IDF 14th armored brigade. IDF 87th armored reconnaissance battalion counterattacks the Egyptian brigade southern flank from Kishuf. ~40 Egyptian T-55s are lost. IDF 410th armored battalion (600th armored brigade) & 424th infantry reconnaissance battalion forces destroy heliborne Egyptian commandos who landed south of At-Tasa. The 600th armored brigade (green) replaces the 14th armored brigade afternoon at Hamadiyah, as the 14th is sent to prepare for the coming IDF crossing operation. Egyptian 3rd field army: Egyptian 7th infantry division sector: Egyptian 11th mechanized infantry brigade, reinforced with a battalion from the 25th independent armored brigade, assaults and repelled again near Mitzvah second-line post by IDF 164th armored brigade. ~15 Egyptian T-62s are lost. IDF 875th mechanized brigade Shermans see no action at Al-Jidi Pass western edge. Egyptian 19th infantry division sector: Egyptian 4th armored division remains in the western bank with its 2nd armored & 6th mechanized infantry brigades, but its 3rd armored brigade crossed the canal with the task to reach the Mitla Junction at the western edge of the Mitla Mountain Pass. Egyptian 3rd armored brigade (belongs to the 4th armored division) assault through Wadi Mabouk surprises the IDF 401st armored brigade and almost reaches the IDF 89th mechanized infantry battalion (875th brigade) positions on the Lateral Road, but the 401st sends its 46th armored battalion (reinforced with 4 Centurions from the 164th armored brigade) to decimate the Egyptian brigade in the wadi, with some help from the nearby 202nd paratrooper battalion. After advancing farther than any other Egyptian force in the war (25 kms east of the canal), the Egyptian 3rd armored brigade loses ~50 T-55s, its CO and even its D-30 towed artillery battalion. Egyptian 339th mechanized infantry battalion (belongs to the 113th mechanized infantry brigade, 6th mechanized infantry division) assault is repelled at a junction north of Jabal Al-Aran by IDF 202nd paratrooper battalion (belongs to the 35th paratrooper brigade, reinforced 7 M48s). Several Egyptian T-55s are lost. The map mistakenly attributes this assault to the Egyptian 22nd armored brigade (from the 6th mechanized infantry division as well). Egyptian 22nd armored brigade assault south towards Uyun Musa - Ras Misalla - Ras Sudr is halted by IAF air strikes, in light of the heavy losses taken by the 1st mechanized infantry brigade (6th mechanized infantry division again) on October 10th at the same place, on the same mission, caused by the same A-4s & Super Mysteres. IAF executes 69 air close air support sorties in the Egyptian 19th infantry brigade sector, mostly targeting the Egyptian 3rd armored brigade. In all other sectors, the Egyptian armor assaults were repelled before they could get out of their SAM coverage. On October 16th, over 100 Egyptian soldiers (including the 339th battalion CO) with 8 BTR-50s are captured east of Jabal Al-Aran with almost no resistance, after wandering in the desert for two days. All in all, the Egyptian army lost around 210 MBTs within a few hours, while the IDF lost less than 20 (mostly 274th armored brigade Tirans). The tide has turned in favor of the Israeli army, who feels its time to regain the initiative, cross the canal and decide the war. Following the decisive IDF victory, the Egyptian 2nd field army CO suffered from an heart attack and replaced by his predecessor.
  2. Egyptian forces deployment on October 10th, as identified by IDF intelligence based on aerial reconnaissance: Northern sector: 135th independent infantry brigade 133rd commando battalion - retreats from the Mediterranean coastal road after taking heavy losses from IDF 120 mm mortar fire. Before retreating, the CO was recorded threatening on the radio to kill his superior for leaving his battalion on its own. Budapest stronghold is liberated by IDF forces from the 564th paratrooper & 906th infantry battalions. 30 MBTs (T-34s) identified on the eastern bank. 2nd field army: 18th infantry division sector: 10th infantry brigade (could be mistaken for the 90th infantry brigade) 134th infantry brigade 136th mechanized infantry brigade (mistakenly marked as armored) 15th independent armored brigade (T-62s) 125 MBTs, 3 destroyed MBTs, 19 APCs, 12 artillery batteries identified on the eastern bank. 2nd infantry division sector: 120th infantry brigade 117th mechanized infantry brigade - assaults Zarqor (Kathib Abu Al-Uruq) and Havragah, repelled by IDF 217th & 460th armored brigades. 4th infantry brigade 24th armored brigade (T-55s, attached from the 23rd mechanized infantry division) 150 MBTs, 24 destroyed MBTs, 68 APCs, 9 artillery batteries identified on the eastern bank. 16th infantry division sector: 112th infantry brigade (T-54s) - repels further company-scale Israeli assaults on Hamutal (IDF 257th armored battalion) and Makhshir (IDF 410th & 409th armored battalions). 3rd mechanized infantry brigade (BTR-50s, T-55s) 16th infantry brigade (T-54s) 14th armored brigade (T-55s, attached from the 21st armored division) 160 MBTs, 50 destroyed MBTs, 9 APCs identified on the eastern bank. IDF 87th armored reconnaissance battalion is ordered to quietly retreat back to Kishuf (Jabal Khubayta), while the Egyptians still don't mind the gap in front of Deversoir. The 21st armored and 23rd mechanized infantry divisions (both downsized), as well as the 10th mechanized infantry brigade (from the 3rd mechanized infantry division), are still on the western bank. 3rd field army: 7th infantry division sector: 130th marine brigade (BTR-50/OT-62s, PT-76s, BRDM-2s) 8th infantry brigade 11th mechanized infantry brigade 12th infantry brigade 25th independent armored brigade (T-62s) 150 MBTs, 13 destroyed MBTs, 7 APCs, 11 artillery batteries identified on the eastern bank. 19th infantry division sector: 5th infantry brigade (T-34s) 2nd mechanized infantry brigade - despite losing much of its tanks, captures Polygon (Qarrat Al-Murra) on October 9th, after the IDF 401st armored brigade was ordered to abandon it. 7th infantry brigade - still besieges IDF Masreq stronghold. 22nd armored brigade (T-55s, attached from the 6th mechanized infantry division) 1st mechanized infantry brigade (from the 6th mechanized infantry division) - crosses the canal late, after the 19th division finally overcame its bridging problems, and heads south on the Gulf of Suez eastern coastline towards Ras Sudr, outside of the Egyptian SAM coverage. The brigade suffers heavy losses in IAF airstrikes and its assault is repelled near Uyun Musa - Ras Misalla by the IDF 35th paratrooper brigade (downsized, but reinforced with one Tiran company, one M48 platoon and one Sherman platoon). A day later, the Tiran company men cannibalize the deserted Egyptian T-55s for spare parts. 164 MBTs, 58 destroyed MBTs, 50 APCs, 12 artillery batteries identified on the eastern bank. The 4th armored (full) and 6th mechanized infantry (downsized) divisions are still on the western bank. All in all, Egyptian forces identified by Israeli aerial photography deciphers on the eastern bank include: 759 MBTs, 148 destroyed MBTs, 235 APCs, 49 artillery batteries. Adding the numbers per sector gets 779 MBTs, 148 destroyed MBTs, 153 APCs, 44 artillery batteries. Adding TO&E numbers gets 1152 MBTs (124*5 infantry divisions + 94*5 armored brigades + 31*2 infantry brigades). Despite of their losses, delays and failure to capture most of the Israeli second-line posts on the higher terrain along the Artillery Road, the Egyptians succeed in establishing solid presence along the whole eastern bank and caused heavy losses to the IDF. Drunk with victory, and under heavy Syrian and Soviet pressure, they decide to execute the risky Stage 3 of their war plan - a massive armored offensive into central Sinai, which will take place 7 days after the start of the war. The Israeli army, OTOH, starts to question if and when would the Egyptian armored divisions cross, and to consider crossing the canal itself at the current situation, in order to transfer the fight over to enemy territory, destroy Egyptian SAM sites and cut the supply lines to their forces in Sinai. In the meanwhile, the IDF concentrate on the breakthrough into Syria, while its armor formations in Sinai reorganize (after the hasty mobilization and heavy losses), adjust their tactics, hold their grounds and utilize their advantage in long range tank gunnery.
  3. October 9th - IDF 143rd armored division battles: IDF Chief of the General Staff rebukes the Southern Command CO and the division COs for their poor performance and orders to hold positions, engage at long range and to postpone any further offensive. However, attempts to extract the IDF men from the besieged strongholds are approved. The dissatisfied and mistrusting 143rd armored division CO, who wishes to maintain the offensive initiative and to regain the lost grounds, resorts to active mobile defense tactics. Accordingly, in addition to the successful Purqan stronghold men extraction, the 143rd division battles the Egyptian 16th infantry division over Hamutal, Makhshir and Televiziya, in order to "stabilize the line" and to support the extraction, and takes heavy losses. OTOH, the Egyptians fail again to take Hamadiyah. Right - morning: IDF 600th armored brigade assaults southern Makhshir (Kathib Abu Tarabush) from the SE with its 410th armored battalion, but the assault is repelled. The IDF battalion CO is wounded, so as the brigade XO sent to replace him. The map mistakenly depicts the Egyptian 112th brigade as deployed on Kathib Abu Tarabush in addition to Abu Waqfa and Kathib Al-Khayl, while the Egyptian battalion at Kathib Abu Tarabush is actually from the 3rd mechanized infantry brigade. In order to cover the Purqan men extraction, the IDF 421st armored brigade (264th, 599th & 257th armored battalions) assaults the Egyptian battalion at Abu Waqfa (112th infantry brigade) and engages the Egyptian 4th infantry brigade forces at Nozel. The 599th battalion misidentifies Kathib Al-Khayl, which is defended by the two other Egyptian 112th brigade battalions, as Abu Waqfa (the 198th battalion did the same mistake on the day before), takes heavy losses in close range engagements (Egyptian infantrymen climb on the M48s who try to run them over) and retreats. The map mistakenly depicts the 599th as attacking Abu Waqfa. IDF Purqan stronghold men retreat eastwards on foot and meet the extraction force (3 M48s & 5 M113s from the 14th armored brigade, including the brigade CO and the 184th battalion CO tanks) at Ghard As-Samar, south of Nozel. After 3 M113s are lost, the 33 Purqan men hang onto the 184th battalion CO tank and reach safely to Israeli lines. In addition to its battalion at Kathib Abu Tarabush, the other Egyptian 3rd mechanized infantry brigade forces are at the northern part of Missouri (around At-Talia) and at Televiziya. The brigade (BTR-50s & T-55s) assaults Hamadiyah, reaches zero range but repelled by the IDF 409th armored battalion (600th armored brigade) with heavy losses, including its CO. The map mistakenly attributes this assault to the Egyptian 14th armored brigade, which had crossed the canal but is still at the 16th infantry division's rear. IDF 407th armored battalion (600th armored brigade) stays at Kishuf. A downsized company takes observation position at the previously-unmanned Horvah second-line post. Egyptian 16th infantry brigade is on the 16th division southern flank, around Kafr Al-Gala'a (known by the IDF as The Chinese Farm, code named Amir). IDF Matzmed stronghold men surrender to its forces. IDF 500th (162nd armored division) & 14th armored brigades park at the rear, west of At-Tasa. The 14th brigade CO decides to reflag the 196th armored battalion (which includes remnants from the 79th armored battalion) as the 79th armored battalion, in light of the honorable battle heritage of the 79th (established in 1948 as the first IDF armored battalion with halftracks and White scout cars, first IDF M48 battalion since 1965). When Lapidot hears about this, he flags his own TF (now under the 204th mechanized infantry brigade, Nammer TF) as the 196th armored battalion. IDF 143rd armored division HQ is at At-Tasa, along with the 424th infantry reconnaissance battalion, which is tasked with hunting down single Egyptian forward artillery observers behind the Israeli line. Left - after noon: IDF 500th armored brigade (green), under the 162nd armored division, passes through Hamutal with no resistance and engages the Egyptian 4th infantry brigade forces at Nozel (Ash-Shajara) and Halutz (Katib Abu Kathira). The Egyptian 112th infantry brigade had abandoned Abu Waqfa, but the IDF 500th brigade is not ordered to hold on to it. The map mistakenly still depicts Abu Waqfa (and Kathib Abu Tarabush) as held by the 112th brigade. IDF 421st armored brigade (blue) retreats to Ziona. The map depicts it at western Hamutal (Kathib Ayfan) and south of it, west of Ziona. IDF 600th armored brigade (blue) assaults Televiziya with its 409th battalion (along with a single company from the 410th). It retreats back to Hamadiyah after taking heavy losses from Saggers. At the same time, the 410th armored battalion (less one company) assaults Makhshir again. The 410th meets light resistance at Kathib Abu Tarabush, but takes heavy losses in close range engagements over Kathib Al-Khayl (the unreliable M85 & M73 machine guns were removed from the M60A1s before the war, but Browning .30 cals weren't yet installed) and eventually retreats to Kathib As-Sana'at. The Egyptians capture a M60A1 for the first time and drive it to the rear. Later on, the IDF 14th armored brigade (green) replaces the 600th at Hamadiyah and Kishuf. The 14th brigade is reinforced with the 106th armored battalion from the 164th armored brigade (Shot Cal), which advances from Kishuf towards the Chinese Farm, but retreats after taking fire and its CO gets injured. Then the 14th brigade is authorized to assault Televiziya, in order to retrieve missing 409th battalion men. The 14th takes Televiziya with its 184th (which loses its CO) & 79th armored battalions. 3 409th battalion tankers are saved, found near their destroyed M60A1 who had its turret upside down. IDF 87th armored reconnaissance battalion (green) reaches the deserted Laqeqan stronghold from the south after a wide bypass, advances further north with no resistance, but it is unauthorized to reach Matzmed (Matzmed men were already captured, but their fate is unknown yet to the IDF). This gap between the Egyptian 16th infantry division positions at the Chinese Farm and the Greater Bitter Lake will later be used as the IDF bridgehead across the canal. Off the map: Lapidot TF (4 M48s and one company from the 424th infantry reconnaissance battalion) fails to break the Egyptian commando siege of Budapest stronghold. Hizayon stronghold is taken by the Egyptian 2nd infantry division forces. IDF 401st armored brigade forces evacuate Botzer stronghold, although it was only attacked by artillery. Nisan stronghold is taken by the Egyptian 19th infantry division forces. The 19th division loses much of its armor in battles against the IDF 401st armored brigade, but its 2nd mechanized infantry brigade manages to capture Qarrat Al-Murra (code named Polygon). At the end of the day, Budapest and Masreq are the only IDF front-line strongholds left standing. The 143rd armored division CO Sharon is heavily criticized for disregarding direct orders. However, the criticism on the Southern Command CO Gonen is even stronger and the decision is to appoint the former Chief of General Staff Bar-Lev, whose authority would be better accepted by the 143rd & 162nd division COs (Gonen was subordinate to both in the past), above Gonen. Officially, following the "don't change horses in the midstream" rule, Gonen would keep his position until November, but from now on he is pushed aside to a large extent. Bar-Lev official role description, made-up for the instance, is the Southern Front CO.
  4. October 8th, afternoon - IDF counterattack continues: IDF 162nd armored division (blue): IDF 217th & 460th armored brigades are ordered to attack again towards Al-Firdan Bridge - Hizayon stronghold area. IDF 460th armored brigade misunderstands the order as if it should just guard the southern flank of the 217th, and its 430th armored battalion (originally from the 500th armored brigade) engages the Egyptian 2nd infantry division forces without assaulting. The 19th armored battalion recovers at the rear, while the 198th armored battalion is sent southwards (after ammo resupply) to help the 500th armored brigade at Hamutal. IDF 217th armored brigade assaults with its two battalions - the 142nd and the 113th. The 142nd armored battalion halts after taking Sagger ATGM fire and the 113th proceeds on its own (21 tanks) into the now-reinforced (24th armored brigade T-55s) Egyptian defenders killing zone. The 113th battalion takes heavy losses, the CO is captured and only 3 tanks manage to retreat. On the Egyptian side, after successfully completing their immediate mission to establish bridgeheads, the Egyptian infantry divisions are ordered to execute their subsequent mission to expand their lodgements towards the hilly area of the second-line IDF posts and the Artillery Road. After it had successfully repelled IDF 460th & 217th armored brigade assaults, the Egyptian 2nd infantry division sends its 117th mechanized infantry brigade to attack towards Havragah. The Egyptian assault is repelled by IDF 460th & 217th brigades. Egyptian 112th infantry brigade (16th infantry division) pushes back IDF 429th armored battalion (11 tanks) towards Ziona and takes western Hamutal (Abu Waqfa). It also takes the northern dune of Makhshir (Kathib Al-Khayl) with no resistance. IDF 500th armored brigade, which gave away its 430th battalion to the 460th brigade and now got the 198th battalion (14 tanks) in return, is ordered to take Hamutal back. The 433rd armored battalion, which faced the Egyptian 4th infantry brigade of the 2nd infantry division between Nozel and Purqan, is ordered to leave Nozel, so it won't be cutoff by the Egyptian force at Hamutal, and to cover the Hamutal assault. The ill-coordinated assault fails with heavy losses for the 198th armored battalion (who misidentified Kathib Al-Khayl as Abu Waqfa), while the 429th armored battalion loses its CO after assaulting with only 4 tanks. The Egyptian 112th brigade CO loses his leg. At the evening, IDF 217th armored brigade parks between Vermont and Wroclaw (IDF code name for Kathib Al-Ajramiyah), the 460th parks at Havragah and the 500th parks west of At-Tasa. IDF 143rd armored division (green): As it becomes clear that the 162nd division assault is not going well, the 143rd is ordered to turn around and get back to the central sector. Some of the 143rd division forces have already reached Al-Jidi Junction (and also to the Mitla Junction, which doesn't appear on the map), and of course did not meet any massive Egyptian armor breakthrough there. In the meanwhile, the Egyptian 3rd mechanized infantry brigade (16th infantry division) takes the southern dune of Makhshir (Kathib Abu Tarabush) with no resistance, but its assault on Hamadiyah is repelled by IDF 87th armored reconnaissance battalion. The only IDF loss is the battalion CO. Later on, the IDF 600th armored brigade returns to Kishuf and Hamadiyah and engages the Egyptian forces at Makhshir. IDF 14th armored brigade turns around and parks west of At-Tasa. The division's 87th armored reconnaissance battalion (with a new CO) is attached to it. IDF 421st armored brigade turns around and heads towards Hamutal, after the 500th armored brigade assault had failed. The 421st brigade forces arrive to Ziona (the 264th battalion arrives late after taking a wrong turn from At-Tasa towards Hamadiyah), mix among the retreating 500th brigade forces, engage northern Makhshir, and in spite an order to stay at Ziona, a single company finds itself on Hamutal while questing for better positions. The company is surprised by the Egyptian presence on Hamutal and retreats after taking losses. In the southern sector, the besieged IDF Mefatze'akh stronghold men surrender to the Egyptian 5th infantry brigade (19th infantry division). IDF 162nd armored division had lost over 40 tanks on October 8th, while the 143rd armored division men are frustrated after wasting time on a long, fruitless movement, which had caused the loss of higher grounds along the Artillery road: Halutz (Kathib Abu Kathira), Nozel (Ash-Shajara), western Hamutal (Abu Waqfa) and Makhshir (Kathib Al-Khayl - Kathib Abu Tarabush). Eastern Hamutal (Kathib Ayfan) is no man's land for now. Two IDF battalion COs were killed and one was captured by the Egyptians (highest ranking IDF POW, along with two other lieutenant-colonel AF pilots). However, the IDF did manage to keep Zarqor (Kathib Abu Al-Uruq), Havragah, Ziona, Hamadiyah and Kishuf (Jabal Khubayta) and to cause considerable losses to the Egyptian army. IDF generals start blaming each other for the colossal failure - "The General War" has begun.
  5. October 8th, before noon - IDF counterattack: Although the Israeli decision is to concentrate the main effort first in the Golan (the Central Command's 146th armored division is attached to the Northern Command, most IAF sorties are sent against the Syrians), and in spite of many of the reserves being stuck in traffic jams on their way to western Sinai (mostly artillery, halftracks and soft-skins, since tanks were prioritized), the IDF Chief of the General Staff orders the Southern Command to counterattack the Egyptian forces which have crossed into Sinai. The assault is to be gradual (two divisions attack, one at the time), from north to south, and the Israeli forces are to keep 2-3 kms away from the Suez Canal, in order to avoid Sagger launches from the Egyptian firing ramps on the western bank. However, the Southern Command CO gives over-ambitious and unrealistic orders to his divisions (including to cross the canal over Egyptian bridges expected to be captured) and the ill-prepared and ill-coordinated IDF counterattack results in a chaotic fiasco. Northern sector - IDF Nammer TF: The northern sector, from Budapest to Al-Ballah Island, is handed over to an ad-hoc established division-sized TF named Nammer (Hebrew for Leopard). This TF is commanded by Kalman Magen, who was supposed to commence his duty as the new 252nd division CO on October 7th. The TF includes the reserve 11th & 204th mechanized infantry brigades, originally belonged to the 162nd & 252nd armored divisions respectively. The 204th brigade's 19th armored battalion (M48s) is attached to the 460th armored brigade in exchange for Lapidot TF. The 11th brigade (Shermans) is reinforced with the 279th armored reconnaissance battalion from the 162nd division. IDF 162nd armored division (blue): The 162nd, the flagship formation of the Israeli Armored Corps, is the first to assault. The plan is to advance south, destroy the Egyptian 2nd and 16th infantry division forces in Sinai one after the other, and cross the canal near the besieged Matzmed stronghold, in front of Deversoir, over an Egyptian bridge expected to be captured. IDF 217th armored brigade (originally belonged to the 146th armored division) is planned to advance south on the Artillery Road and then west towards Matzmed. However, at the beginning of its movement, the 217th takes fire from the Egyptian 15th independent armored brigade (T-62s, attached to the 18th infantry division) east of Al-Qantara. The 217th leaves its 126th armored battalion there, under the command of the 11th mechanized infantry brigade, and heads south later than planned. As the 217th is still behind, the IDF 460th armored brigade advances on its own, west of the Artillery Road, with two battalions - its 198th (which includes a M48 company, remnants of the 9th armored battalion) and the attached 19th. At first, the assault seems to go well and the Southern Command HQ starts jabbering about crossing over an Egyptian pontoon bridge near Al-Firdan Bridge (destroyed since 1967) - Hizayon stronghold. As the battalions turn west towards the besieged Hizayon, the 198th stops as it runs out of ammo and the 19th (26 tanks) finds itself alone, facing heavy ATGM fire from the western bank. On the eastern bank, the Egyptian 2nd infantry division forces realize how small the Israeli force is, stop fleeing, get back into their foxholes and utilize their RPGs. Despite two of its M48s reach the canal, the IDF 19th armored battalion is forced to retreat with heavy losses. IDF 500th armored brigade heads south on the Lateral Road (north-to-south road, about 30 kms east of the canal) at the division's rear. Its 430th armored battalion is sent west towards Havragah to reinforce the 460th brigade, while the others proceed to At-Tasa (code named Ceylon) and turn west towards Ismailia. The 500th brigade HQ reaches Nozel with its 433th armored battalion, which engages the Egyptian 2nd infantry division forces east of the besieged Purqan stronghold, while the 429th armored battalion takes positions at Hamutal (IDF code name for Kathib Ayfan - Abu Waqfa area). IDF 143rd armored division (green): Only after the 162nd is to complete its mission in the central sector, the 143rd is planned to head to the southern canal sector, destroy the Egyptian 3rd field army forces in Sinai, cross near the besieged Nisan stronghold on an Egyptian bridge expected to be captured and take Suez. However, when initial reports indicate the 162nd division success, the 143rd division is ordered to leave its positions, move south on the Lateral Road and wait at the Al-Jidi Junction, in order to be able to complete its mission in daylight. When the order to head south is spread down the chain of command, it is incorrectly perceived as a desperate attempt to help the 252nd armored division to block an alleged Egyptian 4th armored division assault towards Al-Jidi and Mitla passes. The 143rd division leaves its 87th armored reconnaissance battalion to defend Hamadiyah - Kishuf, facing the Egyptian 16th infantry division forces, as this area is considered crucial for a possible future crossing operation in front of Deversoir. The 421st armored brigade leaves Havragah and leads on the move south, followed by the 14th (which leaves Nozel, Hamutal and Makhshir) and the 600th (which leaves Hamadiyah and Kishuf). Immediately after the order to move south is received, the 421st and 14th armored brigades, still positioned at Havragah and Nozel respectively, are contacted one after the other by the 460th armored brigade CO, who asks to get one of their battalions to help the 19th battalion (he was unaware that the 430th armored battalion was approaching Havragah). To the men's dismay, the 143rd division CO orders to dismiss the call and to head south, since the 252nd division's situation in the southern sector is supposedly really bad and OTOH he did not receive any order to help the 162nd division. IDF 252nd armored division (blue): The 401st armored brigade is joined by the reserve 875th mechanized infantry brigade (Shermans, originally belonged to the 143rd armored division), while the 164th armored brigade (Centurions, originally belonged to the Northern Command's 210th armored division) is on its way to join in as well. Unlike what some IDF 143rd division officers were mistakenly lead to believe, the Egyptian 4th armored division has not crossed the canal. In fact, there is not a single undamaged AFV bridge over the canal with the 3rd field army.
  6. Evening of October 7th: IDF reserves start to arrive at the Suez Canal front. Northern sector - IDF reserve 162nd armored division: IDF reserve 162nd armored division arrives through the northern Sinai coastline road (Rafah Junction - Ash-Sheikh Zuwayd - Al-Arish - Rumani - Baluza) with the 217th and 500th Centurion-equipped armored brigades attached to it (the 7th armored brigade, which originally belonged to the 162nd, is fighting on the Golan under the 36th division), takes command of the northern sector and of the 460th armored brigade. In the morning of October 7th, Egyptian commandos ambush the arriving Israeli reserves west of Rumani. The 113th armored battalion from the 217th armored brigade, the first IDF reserve force which has already reached Baluza, is ordered to return east and destroy the Egyptian commandos. The Egyptian ambush is are finally cleared by a halftrack-mounted force from the elite IDF 424th infantry reconnaissance battalion, and the 113th armored battalion heads west again. Egyptian 135th infantry brigades takes Oracle and Lakhtzanit strongholds. IDF retreat from Oracle fails. Budapest holds on, but it is still cut off. Egyptian 18th infantry division takes Milano and Mifreqet strongholds. Israeli forces manage to retreat from Milano, as well as from Derorah and Ketubah, which were attacked only by artillery. IDF 217th armored brigade forces cover the retreating forces from their positions at Yoram and Martef second-line posts. IDF 460th armored brigade, with just its 198th armored battalion, is on the Artillery Road east of Mifreqet. Central sector - IDF reserve 143rd armored division: IDF reserve 143rd armored division arrives through the central Sinai road (Umm Qataf - Abu Uwayqila - Jabal Libni - Bir Al-Hama - Bir Al-Jifjafa - At-Tasa) with its 421st and 600th armored brigades (M48A3 & M60A1 respectively) and its 87th armored reconnaissance battalion (M60A1), takes command of the central sector and of the 14th armored brigade. Egyptian infantry encircles Hizayon, Purqan (both at the 2nd division sector) and Matzmed (16th division sector). Israeli forces retreat from Laqeqan (although it was not attacked at all), as well as from Televiziya second-line post. IDF 196th armored battalion engages the Egyptian 2nd infantry division forces east of Al-Firdan Bridge - Hizayon stronghold. IDF 79th armored battalion engages the Egyptian 2nd infantry division forces between Purqan front-line and Nozel second-line posts. After its XO and CO are injured, the 79th battalion remnants are attached to the 196th battalion. IDF 184th armored battalion engages the Egyptian 16th infantry division east of the Chinese Farm, SE of Televiziya. IDF 599th armored battalion, from the 421st armored brigade, heads towards Havragah, but the 143rd division CO plan to extract the men from the besieged front-line strongholds is denied by the Southern Command HQ. Southern sector - IDF 252nd armored division: IDF 252nd armored division commands now just the southern sector and its HQ has moved to the western end of the Mitla Pass. Reserve force haven't arrived to reinforce it yet, so the worn-out 401st armored brigade keeps fighting on its own. Lituf stronghold is taken by the Egyptian 7th infantry division, while Mefatze'akh, Nisan and Masreq are besieged by the Egyptian 19th infantry division forces. Botzer holds on, attacked only by artillery. Egyptian 130th marine brigade remnants join the 7th infantry division. IDF 46th armored battalion engages the Egyptian 7th infantry division in the Polish Camp - Mitzvah second-line post area. An attempt to reach Lituf is failed. IDF 52nd and 195th armored battalions engage the Egyptian 19th infantry division forces between Martze'a (Queen Victoria Memorial Monument, aka the Madonna) and Mivdad. In the evening they retreat to Notzah second-line post - Qarrat Al-Murra. At the rear: IDF 264th armored battalion, from the 421st armored brigade, is at Bir Al-Jifjafa after departing late due to lack of equipment. IDF Bischof TF defends Al-Jidi and Mitla passes. IDF Southern Command HQ is at Jabal Umm Khashiba. Gulf of Suez coastline - IDF 35th paratrooper brigade: IDF 35th paratrooper brigade arrives to Ras Sudr with two battalions (its third, the 50th, is on the Golan southern front-line strongholds) and captures hundreds of Egyptian commandos in the area. Apparently the commandos didn't like being regarded as expendables, having just a one way ticket. Starting afternoon, IAF F-4s & A-4s strike the Egyptian bridges, destroying 7 bridges out of 14. Egyptian tank crossing is almost halted for at least 24 hours in the 3rd field army sector, but the delay is less significant for the 2nd field army, since many of its tanks have already crossed. In addition to pontoon bridges (PMP, TPP, LPP, Bailey Uniflote), Egyptian AFVs cross by GSP ferries, pontoon barges and by their own amphibious capability (BMP-1, BTR-50/OT-62, BRDM-2). Soft-skins cross also on K-61 and PTS amphibious transport vehicles.
  7. IDF defense battles until the morning of October 7th: Northern sector - IDF 460th armored brigade (Armor School): IDF 9th armored battalion splits into platoons/pairs and gets destroyed while trying to block the crossing Egyptian infantry and to save the front-line strongholds. In Budapest, a pair of M48s blocks the Egyptian battalion (OT-62s and a T-34 company) which attacked through the narrow coastal road, but the stronghold is cut off by a seaborne (OT-62s) Egyptian commando battalion (two companies). IDF elite 460th armored brigade joins in with its 198th armored battalion (the only Centurion battalion currently in Sinai) and the Lapidot TF (two M48 companies from the 196th armored battalion, commanded by Ya'acov Lapidot, who departed the 196th CO duty just a week earlier). The 198th battles the Egyptian 18th infantry division around Al-Qantara - Milano stronghold area, while Lapitod TF battles the heliborne and seaborne Egyptian commandos north of Baluza - Rumani and SE of Budapest. Central sector - IDF 14th armored brigade: IDF 184th armored battalion splits into platoons/pairs and takes heavy losses while trying to block the crossing Egyptian infantry and to save the front-line strongholds. IDF 14th armored brigade, now responsible only for the central sector, is reinforced by the 79th & 196th armored battalions, from the 401st & 460th armored brigades respectively. The opposing forces are the Egyptian 2nd & 16th infantry divisions. Southern sector - IDF 401st armored brigade: IDF 52nd armored battalion splits into platoons/pairs and takes heavy losses while trying to block the crossing Egyptian infantry and to save the front-line strongholds. IDF 401st armored brigade joins in with its 46th and 195th armored battalions. The 46th battles the Egyptian 7th infantry division while the 195th battles the Egyptian 19th infantry division. Egyptian 130th marine brigade crosses the Little Bitter Lake with its amphibious AFVs, but gets destroyed by IDF 52nd & 46th battalion forces. A light tank as the PT-76 is no match for a MBT like the M48. Unlike the 2nd field army, which had established its first AFV bridge as early as 20:30, the 3rd field army met significant difficulties during the crossing operation (partly due to the clay soil in the southern sector). 7th infantry division tanks started crossing only at dawn, in a slow pace, while the 19th infantry division couldn't establish its single Bailey Uniflote AFV bridge until October 8th. At the rear: IDF Bischof TF (Officer School cadets) defends Al-Jidi and Mitla passes. IDF 252nd armored division HQ is at Bir Al-Jifjafa (known in Hebrew as Rephidim). IDF Southern Command HQ, code named Dvela, is at Jabal Umm Khashiba. Gulf of Suez coastline: Ras Sudr defenders are reinforced by the elite 424th infantry reconnaissance battalion and by a M48 platoon from the 52nd battalion. Heliborne Egyptian commandos land in and take control of Wadi Sudr. By morning, some IDF front-line strongholds are surrounded, but the Egyptians kept their bridgeheads only 3-5 kms deep. Only 110 IDF tanks are battle-worthy out of 290 at the start, after taking AT and tank fire from both the crossing Egyptians and the covering Egyptian firing ramps on the western bank. The remaining Israeli forces are ordered to stop their assaults on the Egyptian bridgeheads, retreat and defend the second-line posts and the Artillery Road.
  8. IDF 252nd armored division M48A3s in Sinai 1971 https://www.britishpathe.com/video/VLVA3NABLLY8PQHTIVKFEDHG0QXV2-SINAI-TANKS-STEP-UP-DESERT-MANOEUVRE-AS-CEASEFIRE-DEADLINE-NEARS
  9. The forces deployed on October 6th at 14:00: Israeli army: 252nd armored division, aka the Armored Forces in Sinai, is responsible for western Sinai. Its 14th armored brigade is at the front-line while its 401st armored brigade is training in Central Sinai. The next rotational front-rear swap between the two M48A3-equipped brigades, which takes place every 3 months, is scheduled for October 7th. Blue circles are manned Bar-Lev front-line fortified strongholds, 15-25 men each. Their IDF code names, north to south: Budapest, Oracle (two adjacent strongholds), Lakhtzanit, Derorah, Ketubah, Milano, Mifreqet, Hizayon, Purqan, Matzmed, Laqeqan (Tell As-Salam, marked with a triangle for some reason), Botzer, Lituf, Mefatze'akh, Nisan (aka The Village), Masreq (aka The Pier). The last (southern) 3 are manned by the company of the 904th infantry battalion, while the others are manned by the 68th infantry battalion (two companies, from the reserve 16th infantry brigade). Empty front-line strongholds (about as many as the manned ones) are not marked. Blue triangles are seldom-manned observation posts. The post on the shore north of Baluza is code named Traclin and the Ras Misalla post is code named Egrofit. Blue squares are second-line posts on higher terrain, about 10-12 kms from the canal, harboring armor companies or artillery batteries. Their IDF code names, north to south: Yoram, Martef, Maror, Havragah, Nozel (Ash-Shajara), Televiziya, Kishuf (Jabal Khubayta), Horvah (unmanned), Mitzvah, Notzah, Tzeidar. The north-to-south road that connects the second-line posts is nicknamed The Artillery Road. Northern sector - 68th infantry battalion, 275th brigade: 9th armored battalion (~30 M48s, from the 14th armored brigade) parks south of Baluza, west of Qatia. One tank company is at the nearby Camp Churchill, while a single platoon is pre-positioned at Oracle stronghold. 404th medium artillery battalion (M-50) batteries are at Budapest, Yoram and Maror. The Budapest battery, which also operates two 120 mm mortars, is stationary rather than SP (positioned in a bunker, nicknamed Navarone). One company from the elite 424th infantry reconnaissance battalion, along with a mechanized infantry platoon, is at Martef. 275th brigade HQ is at Baluza along with the 68th infantry battalion HQ. Central sector - 184th armored battalion, 14th armored brigade: 184th armored battalion (~25 M48s) companies are at Havragah, Nozel and Televiziya (mechanized infantry). Battalion HQ is at At-Tasa. 403rd medium artillery battalion (L-33) is on its way to the front from Bir Al-Jifjafa. A single battery from the 55th heavy artillery battalion (M107) is at Kishuf. 14th armored brigade HQ, responsible for both the central and southern sectors, is near At-Tasa. Southern sector - 52nd armored battalion, 14th armored brigade: 52nd armored battalion (~30 M48s) companies are at Mitzvah, Notzah and Tzeidar. Battalion HQ is at the western end of the Mitla Pass. 14th armored brigade's reconnaissance company is at the ex-Egyptian 1967 SAM base, code named Telepathiya. 402nd medium artillery battalion (M-50) batteries are at Mitzvah, Notzah and Mivdad. The Mivdad battery, which also operates two 120 mm mortars, is stationary rather than SP (positioned in a bunker, nicknamed Navarone). 424th infantry reconnaissance battalion (with just a single company) is on its way south from At-Tasa. A single infantry platoon (904th battalion) is at Ras Sudr, along with a T-54 platoon (unmarked) from the 225th armored battalion, which is based near Sharm Ash-Sheikh. At the rear: 401st armored brigade (M48s) is at Bir Ath-Thamada (but its 79th armored battalion is at Bir Al-Jifjafa). 460th armored brigade is at Bir Al-Jifjafa (but its double-sized 196th armored battalion is at Bir Ath-Thamada). The 460th is formed of Armour School men, considered the IDF armor elite. The Armor School courses were halted and the men were flown to Sinai on October 5th in order to reinforce the 252nd armored division. They manned reserve M48s taken from the Bir Ath-Thamada emergency warehouse, as well as Centurions left behind at Bir Al-Jifjafa by a battalion which was flown north to reinforce the Golan. In wartime the 460th is supposed to join the reserve 162nd armored division, which is commanded by the Armor Corps CO. All in all, about 70 tanks are at Bir Al-Jifjafa and 130 tanks are at Bir Ath-Thamada. 252nd armored division HQ and its 601st combat engineering battalion are also at Bir Al-Jifjafa. Southern Command HQ is at Jabal Umm Khashiba. Total: ~290 MBTs (250 M48s, 40 Centurions), 10(+) artillery batteries. Egyptian army: Northern sector: 135th independent infantry brigade (T-34), reinforced with a commando battalion, is at Sidi Al-Arbaeen - Port Said - Port Fuad - Ras Al-Ash - At-Tina. 2nd field army: 18th infantry division is west of Al-Qantara and Al-Balah island. Attached to it is the 15th independent armored brigade (T-62), which is east of As-Salakhiya air base. 2nd infantry division, reinforced with the 24th armored brigade (from the 23rd mechanized infantry division), is around Al-Firdan - Al-Firdan Bridge, between Al-Balah island and Ismailia. 16th infantry division, reinforced with the 14th armored brigade (from the 21st armored division), is at Serapeum - Deversoir - Abu Sultan - Faid. A single mechanized infantry brigade from the 23rd mechanized infantry division is between As-Salakhiya air base and Al-Qasasin. 21st armored division, with its 1st armored and 18th mechanized infantry brigades, is at Ridan Al-Hama. 2nd field army HQ is near Al-Qasasin, with the 23rd mechanized infantry division and a commando regiment. 3rd field army: A Palestinian infantry brigade, reinforced with a Kuwaiti infantry battalion and an Egyptian commando battalion, is around Fanara. 130th marine brigade is near Ganifa. 7th infantry division is at Kibrit - Ash-Shalufa. Attached to it is the 25th independent armored brigade (T-62), which is south of Ganifa, west of Ash-Shalufa. 19th infantry division, reinforced with the 22nd armored brigade (from the 6th mechanized infantry division), is at Al-Kubri - Suez - Port Adabiya. 4th armored division (2nd & 3rd armored, 6th mechanized infantry brigades) is around Jabal Mishash Al-Awasig. 6th mechanized infantry division, with its 1st mechanized infantry brigade, is on the Suez - Cairo road, SW of Jabal Uwaybid and SE of Jabal Al-Gafra. 113th mechanized infantry brigade (from the 6th mechanized infantry division) is west of Al-Hafair, SE of Jabal Umm Zayta. The Ras Mahagra - Ras Sadat - Al-Hafair - Al-Ayn As-Soukhna coastline is defended by a Border Guard regiment. 127th commando regiment is near Kutamiya air base. Its 163rd battalion is at Wadi Hagul, north of Jabal Umm Zayta. 3rd field army HQ is north of Jabal Uwaybid, west of Jabal Ghara. Red Sea theater: 119th independent infantry brigade is at Al-Ghardaqa. 212th independent infantry brigade and 128th commando regiment are at Ras Za'afrana. 160th paratrooper brigade is at Qina. 132nd commando regiment is at Ras Gharib. 279th independent armored battalion is at Bir Arida. At the rear: 3rd mechanized infantry division 35th armored brigade Republican Guard (armored brigade + infantry brigade) Armor school brigade 140th and 150th paratrooper brigades 130th and 131st commando regiments UI infantry brigade Total: ~2200 MBTs (T-34/54/55/62), ~2000 artillery tubes, ~50 SAM batteries.
  10. Haim Danon, who served as a battalion XO and CO in the reserve 679th armored brigade (Shot Meteor tanks) during the war, describes his war experiences to British army officers visiting the Golan Heights: In the in-door video, Danon also tells about the Israeli trials with the Chieftain. He was among the first 4 IDF officers sent to Bovington in 1966 to study the Chieftain tank and left the active service in 1970 after the Chieftain deal was canceled. The out-door video was filmed at the 679th armored brigade memorial theater on Mount Shipon (aka Tell Abu Khanzir), which observes the brigade's battlefield during October 7th-10th.
  11. Egyptian war plan: Stage 1 - Operation Badr: Under the SAM umbrella from the western bank, five Egyptian infantry divisions cross the Suez Canal (180 meters wide, 163 kms long) into the Sinai Peninsula, in between the Israeli Bar-Lev front-line fortified strongholds (blue circles), advance east across the whole front and take the Israeli second-line posts (blue squares) on the higher terrain along the Artillery Road, 10-12 kms east of the canal, within a day or two. Northern sector: 135th independent infantry brigade crosses the canal near Ras Al-Ash - At-Tina, south of Port Fuad (the northern 10 kms of the eastern bank were already in Egyptian hands before the war). Note that driving off-road in the At-Tina Plain - Sabkhat Al-Mallaha area is impossible due to the salt marsh saline clay soil. 2nd field army: 18th infantry division, reinforced with the elite 15th independent armored brigade (T-62s), crosses the canal near Al-Qantara - Al-Ballah Island. 2nd infantry division, reinforced with the 24th armored brigade (from the 23rd mechanized infantry division), crosses the canal near Al-Firdan - Al-Firdan Bridge (destroyed since 1967), between Al-Ballah Island and Ismailia. 16th infantry division, reinforced with the 14th armored brigade (from the 21st armored division), crosses the canal near Serapeum - Deversoir, between Ismailia and the Greater Bitter Lake. 3rd field army: 130th marine brigade crosses the Bitter Lakes by its amphibious AFVs (BTR-50/OT-62, PT-76, BRDM-2) at Kibrit Peninsula (this move is not shown on the map). 7th infantry division, reinforced with the elite 25th independent armored brigade (T-62s), crosses the canal near Ash-Shallufa, south of the Little Bitter Lake. 19th infantry division, reinforced with the 22nd armored brigade (from the 6th mechanized infantry division), crosses the canal near Al-Kubri - Suez. 1st mechanized infantry brigade (from the 6th mechanized infantry division) crosses the canal following the 19th infantry division and heads south on the Gulf of Suez eastern coastline road towards Ras Misalla, Ras Sudr and At-Tur, teaming-up with the commandos along the way. Unmarked on the map: heliborne commandos land at Tell Al-Farama - Baluza - Rumani, NW of Jabal Umm Marjum, at Bir Umm Jarf - Ras Al-Jundi and at Abu Rudays - Ras Sharatib. Naval commandos land at Ras Sudr (after sailing from Bir Adib), at Ras Mal'ab - Abu Znayma and at Abu Rudays - Ras Sharatib (after sailing from Ras Za'afrana). Stage 2 - The Operational Halt: Egyptian infantry divisions (heavily reinforced with armor, AT weapons and artillery) entrench themselves in at the eastern bank and repel IDF reserve armor assaults for 7 days. The Egyptians deploy SAM batteries at the eastern bank. Stage 3 - the major armor offensive (optional, if IDF tank and fighter aircraft losses are heavy enough): Egyptian armored and mechanized infantry divisions cross the Suez Canal, assault and take central Sinai within 4-5 days. 2nd field army: 15th independent armored brigade, along with 18th infantry division forces, advances to Baluza, Rumani and Misfaq. Note that much of the terrain around Al-Qantara resembles the At-Tina Plain - Sabkhat Al-Mallaha area, with limited off-road mobility. 23rd mechanized infantry and 21st armored divisions cross the canal at the 2nd and 16th infantry division sectors respectively and advance to At-Tasa and Bir Al-Jifjafa. The aforementioned infantry divisions advance to At-Tasa. 3rd field army: 4th armored division (the flagship formation of the Egyptian Armor Corps) crosses the canal at the 7th infantry division sector and, along with the 25th independent armored brigade, advance to Bir Al-Jifjafa. 7th infantry division advances through Al-Jidi Mountain Pass. Its brigades consolidate positions at both pass ends and east of Jabal Sahaba. 19th infantry division advances through Mitla Mountain Pass. Its brigades consolidate positions at both pass ends and around Jabal Al-Hamma. 6th mechanized infantry division (with just its 113th mechanized infantry brigade) crosses the canal at the 19th infantry division sector, heads south towards the SW opening of Wadi Sudr, advances NE through the wadi and consolidate positions around Ras Al-Jundi.
  12. On October 21st the IDF repels sporadic Syrian assaults. The most notable one is an armored battalion-size assault on Tell Maree, repelled by IDF 77th armored battalion. IDF 179th armored brigade is sent to the Egyptian theater, crosses the Suez Canal on October 22nd and participates in the encirclement of the Egyptian 3rd field army. After a long night battle, the IDF finally takes the Hermon mountain. The Israeli Hermon post, which was taken by the Syrians on the first day of the war, is taken back by IDF 1st infantry brigade with heavy losses. At the same time, IDF 317th paratrooper brigade takes the Syrian Hermon posts and the Hermon summit with light losses in a heliborne operation. While the Syrian reestablish their 1st armored division, using the hundreds of tanks shipped to Syria by the Soviets, additional Arab forces keep arriving to the Golan. The Iraqi force includes an armored corps with two armored divisions (3th & 6th) and 3 infantry brigades (on October 8th, when the Syrians begged for help, an Iraqi general promised the Syrian MoD to send an army so massive that it will sprawl all the way from Damascus to Baghdad...). The Jordanians send their 3rd armored division (40th & 92nd armored brigades. The 40th is reinforced with an armored battalion from the 99th armored brigade to compensate for its losses). Saudi and Kuwaiti forces join in as well. The Arab armies plan a major attack on October 23rd, but cancel it before execution. Ceasefire lines, October 24th: Israeli army: Northern Enclave sector: 36th armored division at Beit Jann springs - Mazra'at Beit Jann (and several hills to the NE) - Tell Ash-Shams - Tell Maree. Southern Enclave sector: 146th armored division at Tell Alaqiya - Tell Antar - Tell Al-Mal - Tell Maskhara - Umm Batna - Al-Karm. Southern sector (south of Al-Quneitra): 670th mechanized infantry brigade. Hermon ridge (including the ex-Syrian posts and the summit): 317th paratrooper brigade. At the rear: 210th armored division near Alyqa. Total: 390 tanks, 24 medium artillery batteries, 42 field artillery batteries (including heavy mortars and rocket launchers). Syrian and allied Arab armies: Syrian 65th armored brigade (from the 3rd armored division) between Qatana and Khan Ash-Sheikh. Syrian brigade at Artuz - Tell Kawkab. Syrian brigade at An-Nufur - Kanakir - Shaqhab - Arkis. Iraqi 3rd armored division at Tell Arid - Dir Al-Bakht - Jabab - As-Sanamin - Qeita. Iraqi 6th armored division concentrated at the rear, near Ghabaghib. Syrian 52nd infantry brigade east of Ruwykhina, around Mamtina - Naba As-Sakhr and south of Aqraba. Jordanian 3rd armored division at Tell Al-Hara and around Tell Mutawaq - As-Sariya - Al-Faqi'. Syrian 33rd infantry brigade between Kudna, Qarqas and Jasim. UI brigade NW of Mahaja, south of Al-Qaniya. Syrian 112th infantry brigade between Ghadir Al-Boostan, Tell Al-Jabiya and Nawa. Syrian 61st infantry brigade between Ein Dhakar and Tasil, west of Tell Jumu. Total: 1125 tanks (755 on the front-line), 68 medium artillery batteries, 27 field artillery batteries. Golan tank fleet diagram: October 6th: IDF 170, Syria 930 (additional 470 are in the second operational echelon. Total fleet is 1650). October 10th: IDF 400, Syria 300-400. October 14th: IDF 300, Arabs (Syria, Iraq, Jordan) 300. October 18th: IDF 400, Arabs 520 (Syria 150, Iraq 300, Jordan 70. Over 300 additional tanks are near Damascus). October 22nd: IDF 400 (the 179th armored brigade ,with 30 tanks, is sent to the Egyptian theater), Arabs 710 (Syria 200, Iraq 330, Jordan 180. Over 300 additional tanks are near Damascus). October 24th: IDF 390, Arabs 750 (Syria 250, Iraq 330, Jordan 180. Over 300 additional tanks are near Damascus). The Iraqis, upset with the Syrians accepting the ceasefire, return their forces to Iraq by the first week of November. The Jordanian force stays in Syria a bit longer, until January 1st 1974. OTOH, a Cuban armored brigade arrives to the Golan in November. They play an important role in reestablishing the Syrian armor corps, participate in skirmishes (sometimes with mixed tank crews - Cuban TC and gunner, Syrian loader and driver) with the IDF and finally leave Syria for Angola only in October 1975. On the Israeli side, the 146th armored division was sent to Sinai in early November, with the 205th armored and 670th mechanized infantry brigades and the 288th armored reconnaissance battalion. Its artillery regiment, the 213th, was already sent to Sinai starting on October 14th. Skirmishes occur until June 1974 (mostly between March and May, especially on the Hermon), when the parties reach a disengagement agreement.
  13. October 19th Arab armies offensive: SE Enclave sector: Again, the IDF (mostly the 205th armored brigade) repel Iraqi 3rd armored division (6th armored and 8th mechanized infantry brigades) assaults on Tell Alaqiya and Tell Antar from Kafr Shams and Dir Al-Adas. At dawn, after a massive artillery barrage, an Iraqi mechanized infantry battalion manages to take Tell Antar for a short-while, but the IDF 205th armored brigade (after another night of repelling Iraqi SF raids) counterattacks, retakes the Tell and keeps blocking the Iraqi armor. IDF 205th armored brigade HQ is on Tell Qarin. IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade (with one Sherman and two Shot Cal battalions) is sent from Tell Ayyuba through Maskhara, At-Tikha, Al-Mal and Kafr Nasij to secure the southern flank of the 205th brigade. It engages the Iraqis south of Tell Antar. IDF 71st armored battalion (7th armored brigade, 36th armored division) is sent again from Tell Maree to attack SE and relieve pressure from the 205th armored brigade. It engages the Saudi 20th mechanized infantry brigade forces defending Ein Afa, then advances (this movement is not shown on the map) to engage the Iraqi forces at Dir Al-Adas and eventually returns to Tell Maree. As a last resort to prevent his brigade from collapsing under the massive Iraqi armor horde, the 205th CO sends his reserve, a company of 4 Shot Meteors, to flank the Iraqis from the north. The flanking move breaks the Iraqi assault, the Iraqis retreat and Tell Alaqiya and Tell Antar remain in Israeli hands. At night, IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade replaces the 205th armored brigade on Tell Alaqiya and Tell Antar, as the 205th is sent to recover near Jaba. SW Enclave sector: IDF 567th paratrooper battalion, from the 317th paratrooper brigade, advances south from Tell Al-Kurum and takes Umm Batna before dawn. After taking it, the paratroopers in Umm Batna are replaced by an ad-hoc established mechanized infantry battalion (one Shot Meteor company from the 61st armored battalion & two halftrack companies), named Salad Force and tasked with defending Umm Batna. Shortly later, a Syrian armored force (9th infantry division) counterattacks from Mamtina and takes back Umm Batna, while the IDF Salad Force loses its CO and retreats. Then the IDF 4th mechanized infantry brigade, which parked north of Jaba, attacks again with two battalions (39th armored & 288th armored reconnaissance), destroy the Syrian tanks, run-down nearby Syrian artillery positions and retakes Umm Batna. Later on, the Jordanian 40th armored brigade, still under the command of the Syrian 9th infantry division, is ordered by the Syrians to retrieve Umm Batna. The Jordanian brigade advances NW from Tell Al-Hara and splits in two at Naba As-Sakhr: one half heads NW to Mamtina - Rasm Al-Khawalid - Umm Batna, while the other heads north towards Tell Maskhara through Al-Muraba'at. IDF 4th mechanized infantry brigade Centurions (the brigade's original Sherman battalion stayed in the Israeli Golan), positioned between Umm Batna and Tell Maskhara, engage the Jordanian Centurions starting at 8 kms range and eventually repel the Jordanian assaults from as close as 400 meters. One Jordanian Centurion company is destroyed 1 km north of Umm Batna, after it used the terrain (the IFF problem also contributed) to infiltrate between the defending IDF tank companies. The Jordanian brigade retreats to Tell Al-Hara. IDF 146th armored division HQ is on the Booster (aka Tell Al-Makhfi), Iraqi 3rd armored division HQ is near Ghabaghib, Syrian 9th infantry division HQ is on Tell Al-Hara. 15 IDF tanks were damaged, while at least 15 Iraqi and 10 Jordanian tanks were destroyed and many others were damaged. The Syrians lost 10 tanks. Not shown on the map: IDF 471st paratrooper battalion, also from the 317th paratrooper brigade, was sent to attack Tell Kudna, but the operation was canceled before the paratroopers had made contact with the Syrian Tell Kudna defenders. Iraqi 12th armored brigade has recovered and its now back at full strength. Iraqi 6th armored division: the 30th armored brigade has fully arrived to the Golan, takes place at the Iraqi 3rd armored division rear. The 6th armored division HQ and its 16th armored and 25th mechanized infantry brigades are on their way.
  14. October 16th Arab armies offensive: The small map at the upper left shows the whole Syrian Enclave. Southern enclave sector - IDF 210th armored division: Jordanian 40th armored brigade (Centurions & M113s), under the command of the Syrian 9th infantry division, advance from Tell Al-Hara towards Tell Maskhara and repelled by IDF 679th and 179th armored brigades, from their positions on Tell Maskhara and Tell Al-Mal respectively. The Jordanian Centurions cause some confusion for the IDF, but they are eventually identified by their camouflage pattern and by the green flags on their antennas. Iraqi 3rd armored division advances from Kafr Shams and Dir Al-Adas, assaults Tell Antar and Tell Alaqiya and repelled by IDF 205th armored brigade. IDF 210th division HQ is at Tell Ash-Sha'ar. IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade is sent for help from the division's rear, first towards the Jordanians and then towards the Iraqis. Northern enclave sector - IDF 36th armored division: IDF 1st infantry brigade repels a Syrian assault on Mazra'at Beit Jann, coming from Hina and Maghr Al-Mir. IDF 7th armored brigade repels a Syrian assault on Tell Ash-Shams, coming the north, NE (Sa'sa') and SE (Dir Makir). IDF 71st armored battalion, from the 7th armored brigade, is sent from Tell Maree to attack Dir Al-Adas in order to relieve the heavy Iraqi pressure on the IDF 205th armored brigade. The large map zooms-in on Kafr Nasij - Kafr Shams - Dir Al-Adas - Tell Arid - Tell Maree area. This map mistakenly mentions the Iraqi 12th armored brigade, but the attacking Iraqi forces were the 6th armored and 8th mechanized infantry brigades, while the 12th was recovering from the heavy losses it took on previous battles. IDF 205th armored brigade HQ is on Tell Qarin. Its 125th armored battalion is on Tell Antar and Tell Alaqiya, while the 94th armored battalion joins in from Kafr Nasij. The 125th battalion CO was killed by Iraqi artillery shortly after his request to retreat had been denied by the 205th brigade CO. IDF 71st armored battalion heads SE from Tell Maree and takes heavy Cobra ATGM fire from the Iraqi 20th mechanized infantry brigade positions at Dir Al-Adas - Tell Al-Masikh. The battalion turns east towards Tell Al-Masikh, engages Iraqi trucks coming from Ghabaghib on Tsirikh road and returns to Tell Maree. Less than 10 IDF 210th armored division tanks are damaged. 40 Iraqi tanks are destroyed, many others are damaged and the Iraqis also lose 150 infantrymen. Not on the map: At the dawn of October 17th and again at the dawn of October 18th, IDF 205th armored brigade forces on Tell Antar repel attacks by Iraqi SF equipped with RPGs (not shown on the map). On October 17th, a battalion from the IDF 7th armored brigade engages the Saudi 20th mechanized infantry brigade forces (destroys an AML-90 battalion) at Ein Afa - Tell Arid. IDF 188th armored brigade is reestablished in the Israeli Golan. On October 18th, the IDF 146th armored division takes the 210th armored division positions in the southern flank of the Syrian Enclave, as the 210th, with its 179th and 679th armored brigades, is sent back to the Israeli Golan for recovery alongside the arising 188th armored brigade. The 9th mechanized infantry and 205th armored brigades stay in the Syrian Enclave, now under the 146th division, and are joined by the 4th mechanized infantry brigade. The 670th mechanized infantry brigade, with two Sherman battalions it received, is now solely responsible for the whole southern sector of the border, up until Al-Quneitra. Due to the importance of Tell Ash-Shams (perceived as "the gate for Damascus"), the IDF establishes a dedicated force to defend Tell Ash-Shams, composed of a tank battalion (7th armored brigade) and an infantry battalion (1st infantry brigade) and commanded by an infantry colonel. Under heavy Syrian artillery, hastened fortification works take place, as the original Syrian fortifications face the other way.
  15. I should finish first, there are a few more maps to go. Then I suppose copy-paste to MS Word will work - it seems to keep the links.
  16. A local offensive by IDF 210th armored division at noon, October 15th: IDF 205th armored brigade advances east and engages Tell Antar and Tell Alaqiya. Both Tells are taken by IDF 9 mechanized infantry brigade (Shermans assault, Centurions cover), which advances SE from Kafr Nasij. IDF 679th armored brigade bypasses Kafr Nasij and Tell Qarin from the north, heads south in order to flank Tell Alaqiya and Tell Antar from the east, but takes heavy ATGM fire from Kafr Shams and Dir Al-Adas. IDF 179th armored brigade advances SE from Kafr Nasij - Tell Hamad and engages the Iraqi forces from the west. Both the 679th and 179th retreat in the afternoon. Iraqi 12th armored brigade retreats to Kafr Shams. At night, IDF 205th armored brigade replaces IDF 9 mechanized infantry brigade on Tell Antar and Tell Alaqiya and repels an Iraqi night counterattack. While obtaining much better positions for the defense of Nasij Junction, the IDF 210th armored division lost 7 tanks and destroyed about 20 Iraqi tanks. Due to the heavy losses it took so far, the Iraqi 12th armored brigade will not see further battles in this war. The Iraqi 6th armored brigade, which had just arrived to the Golan, will spearhead the Iraqi 3rd armored division from now on. The Jordanian elite 40th armored brigade, equipped with Centurions, takes position at Tell Al-Hara (not shown in the map). Northern sector - IDF 36th armored division (not shown on the map): IDF 1st infantry brigade takes Beit Jann and several hills north of Mazra'at Beit Jann. IDF Tell Ash-Shams defenders, two battalions from the 7th armored and 317th paratroopers brigades, repel a fierce Syrian brigade-sized assault coming from the NE (armor and infantry/SF) and NW (infantry/SF). The tanks do most of the work, as the paratroopers can't go out of the bunker due to the heavy Syrian artillery. Tell Maree is taken by a battalion from the IDF 7th armored brigade with no resistance. This map also depicts IDF code names for the roads. Some noteworthy ones: Jaba - Maskhara - At-Tikha - Al-Mal - Kafr Nasij - Dir Al-Adas road, which leads to Ghabaghib, is code named Tsirikh. Ma'as Junction - Ma'as - Himrit - Sabsaba - Kafr Nasij - Kafr Shams road, which leads to Qeita, is code named Yair. Jaba - Ayyuba - Ma'as Junction road is code named Ravid. Kafr Nasij - Al-Habariya - Tell Maree road, which leads to Kanakir, is code named Tsaiqan. Al-Mal - Aqraba road, which leads to Al-Hara, Nimr and Jasim, is code named Carlos. Maskhara - Naba As-Sakhr road is code named Tslavon.
  17. IDF advancement continues, October 13th: Central sector - IDF 210th armored division: Before dawn, the Iraqi assault from At-Tikha towards Tell Ash-Sha'ar and Tell Ayyuba falls into IDF 210th armored division 3-sided box ambush: IDF 9 mechanized infantry brigade Shermans wait in the dark south of Tell Ash-Sha'ar, let the Iraqi T-55s come close and first open fire at 150 meters range. Soon later, the Iraqis also take fire from their western (IDF 205th armored brigade from Jaba) and eastern (IDF 179th and 679th armored brigades from Ma'as and Ma'as Junction) flanks, while the IAF executes 28 air support sorties in the area between Aqraba, Tell Maskhara and Tell Al-Mal. The 210th division HQ splits in two: XO stays in Jaba, CO returns to the Booster. IDF 679th armored brigade takes Maskhara. IDF 205th armored brigade, reinforced with a battalion from the 7th armored brigade, takes Tell Maskhara. IDF 179th armored brigade takes At-Tikha, Al-Mal and Tell Al-Mal. IDF 9th mechanized brigade takes back Kafr Nasij, Tell Qarin. According to the map, Tell Maree is also taken, but I think it's a mistake. Iraqi 12th armored brigade retreats with heavy losses, first to Tell Al-Mal and then to Aqraba. The Iraqis now prepare to defend Aqraba, Tell Antar, Tell Alaqiya, Kafr Shams and Dir Al-Adas. Northern sector - IDF 36th armored division: IDF 7th armored brigade hands over Mazra'at Beit Jann to the 1st infantry brigade (which loses its XO to a mine), along with a tank company. At night, a pair of IDF M107s, lead and secured by SF, advance NE beyond the front-line in the Mazra'at Beit Jann - Hina area and fire 10 shells each at the Damascus Al-Mazza airbase (max range - 35 kms). The control tower and main runway take direct hits. On the same night, Tell Ash-Shams is finally taken by a battalion from the IDF 317th paratroopers brigade. Surprisingly, only 4 IDF soldiers are wounded. The battalion attacked the Tell from the south after a heavy artillery barrage (which probably deserves most credit), while a small armored force advanced through The Small Laja shepherd trail in order to distract the Syrians from the NW and block arrival of Syrian reinforcements from Sa'sa' on America road. IAF executes 220 sorties (72 close air support, 39 airbase and SAM strike, 109 patrol and interception) and loses 4 aircraft. Syrian AF executes 385 sorties (67 offensive, 318 defensive) and loses 12 aircraft. October 14th (not shown in the map): IDF 7th armored brigade takes Tell Al-Arus, Tell As-Sarja, Tell Fatma and Himrit without resistance. IDF 1st infantry brigade repels a Syrian battalion-sized assault on Mazra'at Beit Jann. Iraqi forces keep accumulating in the theater, eventually reaching 2 armored divisions and 3 independent infantry brigades, or as they promised to the Syrian MoD - "an army which begins in Damascus and ends in Baghdad". Jordanian (eventually a full armored division) and Saudi (a mechanized infantry brigade) expeditionary forces join in as well, and the Soviets expedite their arms deliveries. In spite of the heavy Syrian and Iraqi losses, the balance of power unfavours further IDF offensives and the momentum shifts back towards the Arab armies. OTOH, even though it didn't reach Sa'sa' and Kanakir, the IDF is pretty pleased with its gains. 175 mm artillery can be fired on Syrian bases at the outskirts of Damascus from Mazra'at Beit Jann and Tell Ash-Shams, and most important Tells are in Israeli hands, forming a formidable line of defense. On the top of that, the IDF feels it's time to cross the Suez Canal in order to decide the war in the Egyptian theater as well (especially after Egyptian second echelon armor had crossed the Suez Canal, attacked and retreated with heavy losses). Therefore the IDF decides to diminish major offensives in the Golan and to start transferring forces (eventually a full armored division) from the Golan to Sinai. The Israeli bulge in Syria is named "The Syrian Enclave" by the Israelis and "The Sa'sa' Pocket" by the Syrians (although it's not an enclave nor a pocket).
  18. The Iraqi surprise, October 12th: Around 15:00, while IDF 210th armored division forces are advancing towards Kanakir, a young intelligence captain from the division HQ, standing on Tell Ash-Sha'ar, turns his view to the southern flank, lift his binoculars and sees two large columns of dust clouds approaching from As-Sanamin through Kafr Shams and Aqraba, 10 kms from Israeli forces. It appears to be a fresh T-55 equipped armored brigade, in non-Syrian colors, accompanied with OT-62s - which do not exist in Syrian inventory (as opposed to BTR-50s). After speculating they might be Soviets/Warpac, it becomes clear that the Iraqi expeditionary force, mistakenly assumed to be still far away (Iraqi 3rd armored division drove over 1,300 kms all the way from At-Taji, starting on October 8th), has arrived to the Golan Heights. Iraqi 3rd armored division (BTW, it was deployed to Irbid, Jordan between June 1967 and September 1970 and occasionally fired artillery at Israeli villages in the Beit She'an Valley) HQ takes position at Ghabaghib. Its vanguard, the 12th armored brigade, was initially sent south (to Al-Faqi') in order to reinforce the Syrian 5th infantry division. However, due to the collapse of the Syrian 7th infantry division (except for Tell Ash-Shams, as mentioned), the Iraqi brigade is attached to the Syrian 9th infantry division and ordered to attack NW, towards the Israeli bulge southern flank. The Iraqi brigade advances from As-Sanamin, splits in two at Qeita and attacks Kafr Nasij and Tell Maskhara. Each column is composed of a tank battalion and a mechanized infantry battalion. One of these mechanized infantry battalions is attached from the Iraqi 8th mechanized infantry brigade, while the rest of the 8th brigade is still on the move from Al-Kiswa to Ghabaghib. IDF 679th armored brigade, alerted during refueling (Shot Meteor had fuel for only 9 hours), repels the eastern Iraqi column at Kafr Nasij by sunset. IDF 9th mechanized infantry and 179th armored brigades, while heading north towards Kanakir, are called back to Kafr Nasij, waiving the Tell Maree gain. IDF 205th armored brigade, transferred from the 146th armored division to reinforce the 210th by MoD Dayan orders, is sent to secure the southern flank by taking Tell Maskhara and Tell Al-Mal. The 205th brigade's tanks tackle the western Iraqi column at close range, mix among Iraqi tanks and disorderly retreat to Jaba at sunset, considering the Iraqi night vision advantage. The Iraqis take Tell Maskhara, Tell Al-Mal, At-Tikha and Tell Al-Bazzaq. Over-estimating the size of the Iraqi force, IDF 210th armored division HQ orders the 9th, 179th and 679th brigades to retreat as well, to Tell Ash-Sha'ar - Ma'as area, while the HQ itself retreats to Jaba. Kafr Nasij is waived. Tanks tow fuel-starved halftracks, most vehicles run out of fuel near Tell Ash-Sha'ar. IDF plans to reach Kanakir and Sa'sa' are postponed. The 210th armored division is reinforced with a battalion from the 36th division, and prepares to ambush the foreseen Iraqi night assault north towards Tell Ash-Sha'ar. IDF 36th armored division HQ takes place at Turunja. In the meanwhile, further 36th division assault on Tell Ash-Shams is postponed as mentioned, but the wounded battalion CO and his tank driver, lying by their destroyed tank on the Tell, are extracted by IDF SF sneaking there at night under heavy artillery barrage.
  19. The breakthrough into Syria, October 11th-12th: Northern sector - IDF 36th armored division: IDF 7th armored brigade, reinforced to 5 battalions, breaks through the hilly, wooded, mined area north of America road in two places, near Posts 104 & 105. Syrian 68th infantry brigade, still devastated from previous battles, is caught ill-prepared (its retreat wasn't well organized as the Syrian 5th and 9th infantry divisions retreat) and its resistance on October 11th is light, so as IDF losses. Two battalions take Hadar Junction and reach Mazra'at Beit Jann outskirts, while the brigade HQ with 3 battalions takes Tell Az-Zuhur, Jubata Al-Khashab, Turunja, Tell Al-Ahmar, Amrat Al-Fawwar, Harfa and Halas. On October 12th, the 7th brigade takes Ma'as Junction and then fails to take Tell Ash-Shams twice: the first attempt is stopped at the mined Ash-Shawkatliya Bridge under heavy fire from the Tell and the second is repelled by the Tell defenders (Syrian 78th armored brigade remnants), after a flanking move from Halas through a shepherd trail in the supposedly-impassable lava field of The Small Laja (where the terrain is similar to The Great Laja), which brought the Israeli force, 8 Shot Cals, to assault the Tell from the NW (north of Durin). By one of the 4 Shot Cals destroyed on Tell Ash-Shams, an IDF tank driver takes care of his heavily wounded battalion CO and radios for help. Mazra'at Beit Jann is taken after heavy fighting, as the Syrian force there was reinforced at night by tanks and heliborne commandos. The Moroccan brigade remnants are destroyed while trying to escape through a wadi east of Beit Jann. IDF 1st infantry brigade takes Hadar and clears the area taken by the 7th armored brigade. Central sector - IDF 210th armored division: After the successful breakthrough by the 36th armored division, the IDF mistakenly assumes that the heavy Syrian 7th infantry division fortifications on America road (the main Al-Quneitra - Damascus road) will be easily broken by a frontal assault as well. So instead of following the 7th armored brigade, IDF 179th armored brigade tries to breakthrough the Syrian 121st mechanized infantry brigade defenses near Khan Arnaba, without even waiting for the 7th brigade to take Tell Al-Ahmar and assist from the north. The 179th takes heavy losses, but 6 tanks manage to reach Khan Arnaba Junction and engage the Syrian fortifications from the rear. IDF 679th armored brigade then follows the 179th (again, instead of following the 7th, where Syrian resistance is light), suffers heavy losses as well, but manages to take Khan Arnaba and advances to Tell Ash-Sha'ar. All in all, about 40 Centurions from both brigades are damaged at Khan Arnaba. IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade (transferred from the 146th division) follows the 679th, takes Jaba and Tell Al-Kurum with no resistance and parks between Ma'as Junction and Ma'as. On October 12th, the 679th brigade, reinforced by an ad-hoc established battalion, takes Kafr Nasij from Syrian 9th infantry division forces. The 179th brigade attacks Tell Maskhara, but repelled by Syrian 9th infantry division forces. The 179th then proceeds to At-Tikha, Al-Mal and the nearby Tell, advance eastwards south of Kafr Nasij, destroys a Syrian force at Tell Alaqiya and stopped by the Syrians at Tell Maree. Tell Maree is eventually taken by the 9th brigade (Shermans doing the dirty work again, after Centurions fail), which then takes the lead towards Kanakir. The 210th division HQ takes place at Tell Ash-Sha'ar. Syrian 7th infantry division pretty much disintegrates (with the exception of Tell Ash-Shams defenders, for now) and the 9th infantry division is not far from collapsing either. The Syrian MBT fleet is down to less than 300. A few days later, back in Damascus, the Syrian 68th infantry brigade CO will be sentenced to death and executed for his brigade's performance on October 11th. Southern sector - IDF 146th armored division: After its failed October 10th assault, the 146th division is ordered not to attack by MoD Dayan, since the goal is to reach Sa'sa' - Kanakir and get Damascus into artillery range, so Dayan sees no point of attacking in the southern sector. The 146th division is ordered to transfer the 9th mechanized infantry brigade to the 210th division (the 205th armored brigade will soon follow) and the remaining forces hold the line in front of the Syrian 5th and 9th infantry divisions. The black square on the lower right zooms-in on the Syrian defenses on America road near Khan Arnaba, facing the Israeli 179th armored brigade assault. The Syrian equipment included RPG-7s, B-10 82mm RRs, 106 mm RRs, T-34/85s in stationary positions, D-44 85 mm AT guns and AT-3 Sagger ATGMs spread on both sides of the road. The circled number near every AT weapon is the number of rounds fired by the weapon during the battle. IDF fires 8,000 (4,800 before and 3,200 during the breakthrough) artillery shells on October 11th, mostly in support of the 7th armored brigade. On both days altogether, IAF executes 680 sorties (351 close support, 7 interdiction, 90 airbase strike, 53 SAM strike, 179 interception) and loses 11 aircraft. Syrian AF executes 876 sorties (731 defensive, 145 offensive) and loses 18 aircraft.
  20. October 10th: The IDF finishes off Al-Khushniya Pocket. IDF 179th and 679th armored brigades push Syrian remnants southwards and clear the central sector all the way to the borderline, while the 9th mechanized infantry brigade takes and consolidates Tell Fazara (in spite the Sherman's main gun rounds bounce off the T-62's armor) and the 4th mechanized infantry brigade takes Tell Shuaf As-Sindiyan and Tell Akasha. In the Syrian 1st armored division, some troops mutinied and refused to fight, so the division CO ordered to fire artillery at them. In the northern sector, Al-Quneitra town is cleared by IDF 317th paratroopers brigade. Later that day, IDF divisions are ordered to exploit the success and assault into Syria ASAP. The goal is to determine whether the Syrian army orderly retreated to its fortifications (would require a well-organized, higher-cost breakthrough), or are they collapsing and fleeing in panic (should be exploited ASAP, before the Syrians regroup). The 36th and 210th divisions ask time to recover, as they are exhausted and worn-out, while the 146th (thanks to the stirring leadership of its CO) carries out the order and fails: IDF 4th and 9th mechanized infantry brigades attack Kudna and repelled by the Syrian 33rd infantry brigade. IDF 205th armored brigade takes Tell Al-Mahir and Tell Al-Asbah, but receives heavy fire and retreats. Syrian 61st infantry brigade repels IDF attacks at Umm Al-Luqas (a battalion from the 205th armored brigade) and at Saida - Al-Khanout area (a mechanized infantry battalion from the 670th brigade, with 6 tanks it collected). After the IDF finished off Al-Khushniya Pocket, the Syrian army lost all its gains except the Hermon. Almost 900 Syrian MBTs, 2/3 of the Syrian tank fleet, were deserted in Israeli-held territory. Only a single MBT from the 1st armored division returned battle-worthy through the Kudna Gap to Syria. The Syrian 47th, 51st, 76th, 91st armored, 58th and 132nd mechanized infantry brigades will not see further battles in the war due to the heavy losses they took. However, the Syrian infantry (with its artillery and ATGM forces) orderly retreated back to its fortifications with little losses. At least in the southern sector, the Syrian 5th and 9th infantry divisions managed to put up heavy resistance to the Israeli cross-border offensive attempts.
  21. October 9th: IDF 36th armored division: IDF 7th armored brigade, with a last-minute reinforcement (ad-hoc established battalion, whose CO was made world-famous in the 1967 war and this war caught him abroad in the middle of his honeymoon), repels the last Syrian effort to brake through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap, this time by the 81st armored brigade and the elite Defense Companies (a brigade-sized force, equipped with T-62s, that preceded the Republican Guard and commanded by president Al-Assad's younger brother). The map mistakenly still shows the Defense Companies near Damascus. The Valley of Tears battle is over. The 7th armored brigade's reconnaissance company is destroyed by Syrian commandos near Buq'ata, behind the front line. The IDF learns the M113 vs. RPG-7 lesson for the first, but not the last time. IDF 210th and 146th armored divisions attack the Syrian 1st armored division, confined in Al-Khushniya Pocket along with forces from the 5th and 9th infantry divisions, in order to destroy it. It is the largest tank battle in the 1973 war, with 150 Israeli MBTs and 200 Syrian MBTs involved. IDF 210th armored division: IDF 679th armored brigade, transferred from the 36th armored division to the 210th, blocks a final Syrian assault (1st armored division elements) and then advances southwards, taking Ein Warda and Ar-Ramthaniya. IDF 179th armored brigade takes As-Saluqiya and pushes the Syrians east of the Tapline road. IDF 146th armored division: IDF 205th armored brigade takes Tell Al-Faras and blocks the Ar-Rafid - Nawa road (code named Reshet), in order to prevent a Syrian retreat through the Ar-Rafid Gap. Syrian 76th armored brigade (1st armored division) tries to break through SE and retreat but fails. A Syrian attempt to breach from the east also fails. A formation of 8 F-4s, each with 10 M117 bombs, is found to be very helpful for the IDF, after the formation leader canceled their original Damascus HQ strike mission due to bad weather. Tell Al-Faras itself was fiercely defended by a single Syrian PT-76, which managed to immobilize a Centurion and destroy two M113s. It was eventually taken by IDF infantry assault with hand grenades. IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade heads NE through Nahal Gshur and its Shermans (377th battalion) destroy the main Syrian 58th mechanized infantry brigade ATGM bastion between Tell At-Tali'a and Al-Khushniya, after the first assault by Shot Cals failed (this Sherman battalion will find itself at the eye of the storm again in this war, more than once). The brigade then takes Al-Khushniya itself, with the Shot Cals engaging Syrian tanks between the deserted buildings. IDF 4th mechanized infantry brigade (reinforced by a Shot Cal battalion and a Shot Meteor battalion, in addition to its original Sherman battalion) takes Faham, advances NE, reaches Reshet road and destroys Syrian armor trying to retreat. By the end of the day, the Syrian 1st armored division (76th and 91st armored, 58th mechanized infantry brigades) is left with 20 battle-worthy MBTs, while the 43rd, 46th & 51st armored brigades are left with 12 battle-worthy MBTs altogether.
  22. October 8th: IDF 146th armored division gets the southern sector, along with the 4th and 9th mechanized infantry brigades. The division CO is ordered to defend, but asks to counterattack and gets the permission. The counterattack succeeds and the IDF pushes the Syrian 5th infantry division NE to the Tapline road. After IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade captures the Syrian 47th armored brigade XO near Haital reservoir, it is bypassed by IDF 205th armored brigade (Shot Meteor tanks, most came all the way from Jerusalem on tracks) at Ramat Magshimim. The 205th takes the lead and attacks northwards, while the 9th brigade advances to its left. IDF 4th mechanized infantry brigade attacks eastwards from Gamla ascent - Hirbat Kanaf. Later on, all 3 brigades advance NE: 205th at the right, 9th at the center, 4th at the left. The 205th takes Tell As-Saqi (rescuing 26 IDF soldiers who were hiding in the bunker there) and Tell Al-Jukhadar. The 4th takes Givat Bazaq and advances NE towards the Tapline road (brigade XO is injured and several brigade HQ officers are killed when the XO's halftrack finds itself behind Syrian lines). The 9th heads north and destroys a Syrian AT gun bastion near Nahal Gshur. IDF 670th mechanized infantry brigade, which left its single Sherman battalion behind at the Jordan Valley, secures the ground taken and protects the 146th division's eastern wing. It collects and fixes damaged Centurions, Shermans and captured T-55s to create its own tank force. IDF 210th armored division (now just the 179th armored brigade, at the central sector) pushes the Syrian 46th armored brigade east towards Al-Mashta. The 179th brigade XO is killed and the CO is injured (but will later escape hospital and return to his brigade), so it's commanded for a while by the 210th division XO. After successfully defending Nafakh, IDF 679th armored brigade (still under the 36th armored division) pushes the Syrian 1st armored and 9th infantry divisions southwards and takes Ar-Razaniya, As-Sindiyana and Ad-Dalhamiya. At the end of the day, the heavily beaten Syrian force (1st armored division + armor from the 5th & 9th infantry divisions) is confined in Tell Hazayqa - Tell Abu Qutayf - Ar-Ramthniya Tells - Al-Khushniya - Faham - Tell Al-Faras area, known as Al-Khushniya Pocket (although it's a bulge, not a pocket). Syrian 1st armored division HQ takes place at Tell Fazara and its 58th mechanized infantry brigade entrenches itself in to defend the compound. Syrian 47th armored and 132nd mechanized infantry brigades are totally destroyed. Syrian infantry brigades (minus their destroyed tank battalions) retreat back to their fortified defensive positions east of the borderline. In the northern sector, IDF 7th armored brigade keeps blocking Syrian armored assaults at the Valley of Tears. Syrian 7th infantry division CO is killed (allegedly murdered after an argument with president Al-Assad). IDF 1st infantry brigade assault on the Hermon fails with heavy losses. Syrian 3rd armored brigade forces: the 81st armored brigade replaced the 78th armored brigade at Tell Ash-Shams, under the command of the 7th infantry division. The 65th armored brigade is deployed west of Qatana - Khan Ash-Sheikh area, while the 21st mechanized infantry brigade is at Al-Muqayliba.
  23. October 7th, noon: IDF Northern Command reserves have arrived. The southern sector is handed over to the 210th armored division, while the 36th keeps just the northern sector. By 10:00, the IAF executes 19 close air support sorties in the Al-Quneitra area, 20 in the Al-Khushniya area and 16 in the Southern Gap area. The Syrian 47th armored brigade takes heavy losses. IDF 7th armored brigade keeps blocking Syrian assaults through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap and north of it. The armor wrecks at the Valley of Tears are piling up. Posts 111, 114 and 115 were evacuated by the IDF and are in Syrian hands. The elite Syrian 1st armored division (equipped with T-62s & BMP-1s, spearheaded by the 91st armored brigade) advances through the Kudna Gap and attacks NW towards Nafakh, along with the 43rd and 51st armored brigades (both equipped with T-55s), in order to reach Wassit and cut the IDF 7th armored brigade from its rear. Attacking through Tell Al Abbas - Al-Qadiriya and through Ad-Dalhamiya, some Syrian tanks enter Camp Nafakh, while others arrive as far as Ad-Dalwa. IDF 188th armored brigade remnants desperately try to defend Nafakh (CO, XO and G3 are killed), while the 36th armored division HQ retreats to Alyqa. The reserve 679th armored brigade (Shot Meteor tanks), which was at first sent to Al-Quneitra after arriving Nafakh, is now called back to Nafakh when it became clear that the Syrian 1st armored division broke through the Kudna Gap and is attacking Nafakh, while the Syrian 3rd armored division haven't tried to break through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap yet. By sunset the Syrians are repelled from Nafakh, but the 188th armored brigade is written off the IDF ORBAT table. Its remnants join other formations. The other two brigades forming the Syrian 1st armored division, the 58th mechanized infantry (at Ein Warda) and the 76th armored (at As-Saluqiya), follow the 91st armored brigade and join the battle. Syrian 46th armored brigade (T-55) is blocked at Qasabiya the IDF reserve 179th armored brigade (downsized, Shot Cal tanks), which takes back The Waterfall Junction. Half of the Syrian 47th armored brigade (T-55), commanded by the CO and accompanied by the tank battalion (T-54) of the 61st infantry brigade, takes a wrong turn and arrives to Hirbat Kanaf, 6-7 kms from Lake Kinneret. There the Syrian force is destroyed in the afternoon by IDF reserve 4th mechanized infantry brigade (reinforced by a Shot Cal battalion) climbing the Gamla ascent from Arik Bridge. Shortly earlier, the Syrian 47th brigade CO reported his superior about observing Tiberias across the Kinneret, but the later disbelieved at first and then angrily ordered the 47th to get back on course. Syrian 132nd mechanized infantry brigade (T-55), along with the other half of the 47th armored brigade (commanded by the XO), is blocked by IDF 278th battalion from the reserve 179th armored brigade at El Al Gap (which is between El Al stream and Nov stream). As of 10:00, the Shermans of the IDF reserve 9th mechanized (mistakenly marked as armored) brigade join in this battle, just before the 278th battalion's Shot Cals run out of ammo, and start pushing NE. IDF 53rd armored battalion is trapped on Tell Al-Faras with little ammo. It retreats in the evening and 12 tanks out of 15 manage to escape safely, passing by the Syrian tank horde and surviving a fratricidal fire incident with the 4th mechanized infantry brigade. They became known as The Ghost Convoy. In the evening, the Central Command's 146th armored division arrives to the Golan from Jerusalem area. The tank fleet remained to defend the Jordan Valley from a possible Jordanian attack includes now just two Sherman battalions.
  24. The Syrian night breakthrough, October 6th-7th: IDF 36th armored division takes command of the Golan Heights. The northern sector is handed over to the 7th armored brigade (along with the 74th battalion from the 188th armored brigade), while the 188th armored brigade keeps just the southern sector (and gets the 82nd battalion from the 7th armored brigade). Syrian northern sector - 7th infantry division: Syrian 68th infantry brigade and a Moroccan battalion assault near Posts 104-105, repelled by Israeli forces under the command of the IDF 1st infantry brigade. Syrian 85th infantry brigade, 78th armored brigade and 121st mechanized infantry brigade assault through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap (Post 107 area) and repelled by IDF 7th armored brigade from its positions between the Hermonit and Tell Jit - Zahrat Ibrahim. This battlefield would later be described by the biblical phrase "The Valley of Tears". Syrian central sector - 9th infantry division: Syrian 52nd infantry brigade penetrates around Al-Qakhtaniyah - Surman (Post 109) and reaches Al-Quneitra, but takes heavy losses and gets blocked. Syrian 33rd infantry brigade manages to take Tell Shuaf As-Sindiyan and controls the Kudna Gap. Syrian 51st independent armored brigade penetrates through the Kudna Gap, takes Al-Khushniya and advances towards Nafakh through Ar-Ramthaniya - As-Sindiyana (as shown in the map) and through Al-Mashta Junction and the Tapline road (this movement is not shown in the map). Nafakh is defended by scattered remnants of the IDF 82nd armored battalion, as well as the 188th armored brigade CO and XO on their own tanks and an unassigned officer named Zvika. Syrian 43rd armored brigade penetrates through the Kudna Gap (after the 51st) and heads north to Ein Aysha (west of Post 110), where it falls into a night ambush by a tank company from the IDF 7th armored brigade. Syrian southern sector - 5th infantry division: Syrian 112th infantry brigade penetrates through the Southern Gap on the Tapline road and holds the area around Tell Al-Jukhadar. Syrian 61st infantry brigade penetrates on the Roman road and holds the area around Tell As-Saki. Syrian 46th armored brigade is shown as it penetrates through the Ar-Rafid Gap (which is between Tell Kudna and Tell Al-Faras) and reaches Al-Khushniya. This is a mistake - they penetrated on the Tapline road and headed towards The Waterfall Junction (destroying two IDF artillery batteries on the way), while Al-Khushniya was taken by the 51st. Syrian 132nd mechanized infantry brigade penetrates after the 61st infantry brigade, advances and reaches Khisfin - Ramat Magshimim. The remnants of the IDF 53rd armored battalion are trapped on Tell Al-Faras with little ammo. Hermon: The Hermon mountain is taken by the Syrian 82nd paratroopers battalion, in a combined heliborne and ground assault. Rear: Syrian Defense Companies and 3rd armored division hold their positions as the strategic reserve. AFAIK the 81st armored brigade replaced the 78th armored brigade at Tell Ash-Shams, under the command of the 7th infantry division. Syrian 47th independent armored brigade haven't start its movement yet. Syrian 1st armored division advances from its camp in Al-Kiswah to Ghabaghib, As-Sanamin, Al-Qaniyah, Inkhil, Jasim. First IDF reserve force, a downsized (7 tanks) battalion from the 179th armored brigade, arrives and joins Zvika Force for the night battle on the Tapline road, south of Nafakh. Gets destroyed by a Syrian ambush. This map also depicts IDF code names for the roads. Some noteworthy ones: Qatana - Mazra'at Beit Jann - Mas'ada road is code named Tzin. Mas'ada - Buq'ata - Kibbutz El Rom - Al-Quneitra road is code named Yaqir. Mas'ada - Sukeik - Wassit - Nafakh - As-Sindiyana - Ar-Ramthaniya - Al-Khushniya road is code named Peleh. Sukeik - Kibbutz El Rom - Booster Ridge road is code named Casuarina. Damascus - Khan Ash-Sheikh - Sa'sa' - Khan Arnaba - Al-Quneitra - Ein Zivan road is code named America. Ahmadiyah - Wassit - Rawiyah road, which leads through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap, is code named Carton. Tell Jabiya - Al-Aliya - Nimr - Al-Hara - Naba As-Sakhr - Ruwykhina road, which extends through the Southern Al-Quneitra Gap, is code named Peleg. Al-Quneitra - Nafakh - Benot Ya'akov Bridge road is code named Yabasha. Ein Aysha - Ad-Dalhamiya - Nafakh road is code named Catacomba. Al-Qaniyah - Inkhil - Jasim - Kudna road, which extends through the Kudna Gap to Tell Fazara, is code named Troya. Tell Fazara - Al-Khushniya - Al-Mashta - Qasabiya - Yahudiya - Arik Bridge road is code named Kvish. Ash-Shiekh Maskin - Nawa - Ar-Rafid road, which extends through the Ar-Rafid Gap and then leads north to Al-Quneitra, is code named Reshet. The Tapline road, which passes near Adwan, Tasil, Umm Al-Luqas, through the Southern Gap, Khan Al-Jukhadar, Al-Mashta, Nafakh, Rawiyah, Tell Al-Fakhr and to Lebanon, is code named Machazeh. Ar-Rafid - Khan Al-Jukhadar - Tell As-Saqi - Ramat Magshimim - El Al road is code named Tipa. The roads on which the Syrians penetrated in the Umm Al-Luqas - Al-Khanout area were ancient Roman roads, their remains can barely be traced in current satellite images (CORONA Atlas may help a bit): Nawa - Al-Jarniya - Rasm Ballut road, which goes through Post 116, is code named Palga. Ein Dhakar - Saida - Al-Jarniya road is code named Angola. Adwan - Tasil - Ein Dhakar - Tell As-Saqi - Al-Bajuriya road is code named Pinqas.
  25. Syrian offensive plan - Operation Mashroo 110: First tactical echelon: A commando battalion advances from Hadar, penetrates to Majdal Shams, Neveh Attiv, crosses the Banias stream and consolidates positions north of Kibbutz Dan, around An-Nukhayla. Moroccan infantry brigade penetrates on the road south of Skheita, near Post 104, advances between Tell Al-Khawarit and Tell Al-Manfukha towards Mas'adah, Ein Qiniya, crosses the Banias and consolidates the Dafna - She'ar Yeshuv area, as well as positions west of Kefar Szold (or perhaps these belong to the 68th infantry brigade?). 68th infantry brigade advances from Turunja - Jubata Al-Khashab to Tell Sidr Al-Arus - Tell Warda - Buq'ata. 85th infantry brigade advances from Khan Arnaba and penetrates through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap (which is between Mount Hermonit and Mount Bental), near post 107. 52nd infantry brigade advances NW from Ruwykhina and penetrates through the Southern Al-Quneitra Gap (which is between Mount Avital and Tell Al-Ghassaniya). 33rd infantry brigade penetrates through the Kudna Gap (which is between the Bashanit ridge and Tell Kudna), near Post 111 (mistakenly marked 110 in this map) and advances to Tell Fazara. 112th infantry brigade advances NW from Ghadir Al-Boostan and penetrates through the Southern Gap (which is between Tell Al-Faras and Tell As-Saqi) on the Tapline road, near Tell Al-Jukhadar, south of Post 115. 61st infantry brigade advances NW on the ancient Roman road and penetrates through the Southern Gap, near Post 116. Paratroopers landing from helicopters at Mount Hermon and at The Cork, Benot Yaacov and Arik bridges. Second tactical echelon: 78th armored brigade advances from Tell Ash-Shams to Hallas, follows the 68th infantry brigade to Turunja, Jubata Al-Khashab, Tell Sidr Al-Arus and consolidates positions around Tell Al-Fakhr. In practice, they actually went through Khan Arnaba and the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap, after the 85th infantry brigade and before the 121st mechanized infantry brigade. 121st mechanized infantry brigade advances on the road to Khan Arnaba, penetrates through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap to Mount Hermonit, Sukeik and consolidates positions between Al-Qala and Kibbutz Shamir, north of Rawiyah. 43rd armored brigade advances from Qeita to Al-Hara, heads SW and penetrates through the Kudna Gap after the 51st independent armored brigade, north to Ein Aysha, west to Mount Yosifoon, Mount Shipon, Nafakh, Alyqa and consolidates positions east of The Cork Bridge, north of Dabbura. 51st independent armored brigade advances from As-Sariya to Jasim, through the Kudna Gap, Tell Fazara, Al-Khushniya, Ar-Ramthaniya, As-Sindiana, Nafakh and consolidates positions around and south of The Custom House Junction, west of Sanabir. One battalion crosses the Jordan river over the Benot Yaakov Bridge towards Ayelet Hashachar - Mishmar Hayarden. 46th armored brigade advances from Nawa, penetrates near Tell Al-Faras, heads NW to Al-Mashta, The Waterfall Junction, Qasabiya, Yahudiya and consolidates positions in and above Al-Batiha Valley. One battalion crosses the Jordan river over the Arik Bridge and advances to Vered Hagalil. 132nd mechanized infantry brigade advances from Adwan to Tasil, Ein Dhakar, Saida, penetrates through the Southern Gap on the Roman road near Post 116, heads SW for Tell As-Saqi, Ramat Magshimim, El Al Gap (which is between El Al stream and Nov stream), Fiq and reaches Kafr Harib on the cliff. Second operational echelon: 3rd armored division advances from Khan Ash-Sheikh to Sa'sa', Tell As-Shams, Khan Arnaba, through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap and consolidates positions between Ein Qiniya and the Wasit Junction. In practice, only the 81st armored brigade actually participated the offensive, alongside with Rif'at Al-Assad's Defense Companies. 1st armored division advances to As-Sanamin, Inkhil, Jasim, through the Kudna Gap, Tell Fazara, Al-Khushniya and consolidates positions between Nafakh and Givat Bazaq. 47th independent armored brigade advances from Daeel to Tasil, penetrates through the Southern Gap after the 132nd mechanized infantry brigade, heads SW for Tell As-Saqi, Ramat Magshimim, El Al Gap and reaches the cliff above Al-Kursi.
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