Tank Platoon ARTEP Tasks

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TANK PLATOON ARTEP TASKS (ARTEP 17-237-10-MTP)

CONDUCT BYPASS OPERATIONS

CONDITION

During tactical operations as part of a company team or cavalry troop, the platoon makes contact with an enemy force and/or obstacle. It initiates actions on contact and is then directed by the commander to conduct a bypass. The platoon's move is covered by the remainder of the unit in an overwatch. Some iterations of this task may be performed in MOPP4.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon locates a suitable bypass route affording cover and concealment and/or weapon standoff. It conducts the bypass without becoming decisively engaged by the enemy element being bypassed.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. If the commander did not designate a bypass route, platoon immediately conducts reconnaissance to locate an available route.

a. Ensures bypass affords cover and concealment or allows the platoon to maintain weapon standoff.
b. Ensures bypass affords routes away from enemy positions and obstacles.
c. Ensures that terrain along the bypass route will support movement of platoon vehicles.
d. Ensures bypass affords covered and concealed positions/routes beyond the enemy positions/obstacles.

(NOTE: If the platoon does not locate a suitable bypass route, platoon leader sends a SITREP to the commander and prepares the platoon to take actions as directed.) 2. When a suitable route is located, platoon conducts tactical movement along the route, focusing on the following considerations:

a. Uses most advantageous formation and movement technique based on METT-T.
b. Based on formation selected and availability of overwatch, maintains proper weapons orientation to ensure 360-degree security.
c. Identifies and reacts to enemy forces along the route.
d. Takes actions to avoid being decisively engaged.
e. Calls for indirect fire support, including smoke, to screen movement.

3. After completion of the bypass, platoon takes appropriate actions.

a. Reports completion and location of the bypass route to the commander.
b. Assumes an overwatch/support by fire role to allow follow-on units to bypass.
OR
c. Continues the assigned mission.

CONDUCT TACTICAL MOVEMENT

CONDITION

While conducting tactical operations either independently or as part of a company team or cavalry troop, the platoon receives an OPORD/FRAGO directing it to conduct tactical movement. The order includes graphic control measures for movement. It may or may not specify the route or axis of advance, the technique of movement, and/or the formation to be used. Enemy contact may or may not be expected during movement.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon moves on the route or axis of advance specified in the OPORD/FRAGO. It uses formations and techniques of movement as specified in the order, the commander's guidance, and/or unit SOP. As necessary, the platoon adjusts the route/axis, formation, and/or movement technique in response to the changing probability of enemy contact and/or to changes in the tactical situation (METT-T factors). It maintains movement security at all times.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. Platoon leader/PSG conducts troop-leading procedures as thoroughly as the tactical situation permits, with emphasis on the following planning considerations:

a. Develops a thorough mission analysis, focusing on METT-T factors.
b. Conducts reconnaissance and develops a movement plan as time permits.
c. Initiates movement to designated route of axis of advance as required to support the plan.

2. Platoon leader determines appropriate movement route, technique, and formation based on mission analysis and reconnaissance.

a. Selects movement route that provides adequate cover and concealment (unless the route is designated in the OPORD/FRAGO).
b. Selects technique of movement based on METT-T (unless the movement technique is specified in the OPORD/FRAGO).
1. Selects traveling technique when speed is necessary, but contact with the enemy is not likely.
OR
2. Selects traveling overwatch technique when speed is necessary and contact with the enemy is possible.
OR
3. Selects bounding overwatch technique when contact with the enemy is expected or when crossing an open area in which the enemy may have unobstructed fields of observation and fire (danger area).
a. Selects alternate bounding when a secure, but more rapid, advance is required.
b. Selects successive bounding method when maximum security and ease of control are required.
c. Selects movement formation based on METT-T (unless the formation was specified in the OPORD/FRAGO or by unit SOP).
1. Selects column formation when speed is critical, when the platoon is moving through restrictive terrain on a specified route, and/or when enemy contact is not likely.
OR
2. Selects staggered column formation when speed is critical, when there is limited area for lateral dispersion, and/or when enemy contact is not likely.
OR
3. Selects wedge formation when the platoon is provided with overwatch by another element and is moving in open rolling terrain.
OR
4. Selects vee formation when terrain restricts movement or when overwatch within the platoon is required.
OR
5. Selects echelon formation when the platoon is required to provide a screen on an exposed flank of a larger moving force.
OR
6. Selects line formation when the platoon is required to cross danger areas and is provided with overwatch by another element or when the platoon assaults enemy positions.

3. Platoon leader briefs platoon and directs movement on the selected route using the selected technique of movement and formation.

a. Briefs TCs thoroughly on march route, movement technique, and formation (and specifies use of way points and/or POSNAV to assist in navigation, if applicable).
b. Uses correct visual signal and/or voice command on FM radio to initiate movement technique and/or formation.
OR
c. Uses graphic control measures or other cue to initiate movement technique and/or formation.

4. Platoon executes technique of movement as designated by platoon leader.

a. As ordered, employs traveling technique of movement.
1. Assumes correct order of march as direct by the platoon leader.
2. Moves continuously as one unit, with one element trailing the other.
3. Maintains interval and dispersion between vehicles as terrain and weather permit.
4. Uses terrain driving techniques by individual vehicles to reduce exposure.
5. Maintains visual contact between lead and trail element.
6. As much as possible, maintains team integrity and organizes the formation for ease of deployment during the upcoming mission (platoon leader/PSG).
7. Maintains areas of responsibility for observation and fire to ensure 360-degree security (TCs).
b. As ordered, employs traveling overwatch technique of movement.
1. Assumes positions as lead (bounding) and traill (overwatch) elements as designated by platoon leader.
2. Lead element moves continuously as the trail element halts periodically at good vantage points to provide overwatch/support by fire for the lead element.
3. Uses terrain driving techniques by individual vehicles to reduce exposure.
4. Maintains command and control of the platoon, using hand-and-arm signals or FM communications as the terrain allows (platoon leader/PSG).
5. Maintains 360-degree security for all vehicles (TCs).
c. As ordered, employs bounding overwatch technique of movement. (NOTE: The platoon will use either the alternate or successive bounding method, either as designated by the platoon leader or as specified in the OPORD. The platoon leader designates the bounding and overwatch elements.)
1. Assumes positions as lead (bounding) and trail (overwatch) elements as designated by platoon leader.
2. If the platoon uses alternate bounds, it executes the following actions:
a. The designated overwatch element (Section A in this example) occupies firing positions that afford optimum fields of observation and fire and provides overwatch/support by fire for the bounding element (Section B in this example).
b. Once Section A reports "SET," Section B begins its bound past Section A, taking care not to obstruct the overwatch element's fields of observation and fire (in accordance with METT-T factors).
c. Section B occupies an overwatch position within observation range of Section A.
d. Once Section B reports "SET," Section A begins its bound past SEction B, taking cre not to obstruct fields of observation and fire (in accordance with METT-T factors).
e. Section A occupies an overwatch position within observation range of Section B.
f. The two elements repeat this sequence of bounding until the platoon comes to a halt or the technique of movement is changed.
3. If the platoon uses successive bounds, it executes the following actions:
a. The designated overwatch element (Section A in this example) occupies firing positions that afford optimum fields of observation and fire and provides overwatch/support by fire for the bounding element (Section B in this example).
b. Once Section A reports "SET," Section B begins its bound forward of Section A's position, taking care not to obstruct the overwatch element's fields of observation and fire (in accordance with METT-T factors).
c. Section B occupies an overwatch position within observation range of Section A.
d. Once Section B reports "SET," Section A begins its bound in the direction of Section B's position.
e. Section A occupies an overwatch position abreast of (and to the left or right of ) Section B, taking care not to obstruct fields of observation and fire (in accordance with METT-T factors).
f. The two elements repeat this sequence of bounding until the platoon comes to a halt or the technique of movement is changed.

5. Platoon moves using the appropriate formation as designated by the platoon leader.

a. Executes column formation.
1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.
2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation.
3. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain correct interval and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.
4. TCs orient weapon systems to provide 360-degree movement security (last vehicle orients its weapon systems to the rear if the platoon is the last element in a company team column or is operating independently).
b. Executes staggered column formation.
1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.
2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation, with vehicles staggered on alternate sides of the prescribed route and the trail section positioned to provide overwatch for the lead section as necessary.
3. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain proper lateral dispersion, interval, and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.
4. TCs orient weapon systems to provide 360-degree movement security (last vehicle orients its weapon systems to the rear if the platoon is the last element in a company team column or is operating independently).
c. Executes wedge formation.
1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.
2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation with the PSG opposite of the platoon leader and the wingmen behind and to the outside of their respective section leaders.
3. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain proper lateral dispersion, interval, and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.
4. TCs orient weapon systems to provide fires to the front and flanks.
d. Executes vee formation.
1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.
2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation, with the platoon leader's wingman opposite the platoon leader and the PSG and his wingman opposite each other behind and to the inside of the lead section.
3. Platoon leader or PSG, METT-T factors permitting, directs lead section to orient weapon systems in a cross fire configuration to increase standoff.
4. Vehicles maintain positions so that the trail section can monitor the lead section's movement (if lead section masks trail section's fire or moves out of range of its weapon systems, trail section adjusts its position or informs lead section to adjust its position or to slow movement).
5. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain proper lateral dispersion, interval, and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.
6. TCs orient weapon systems to provide fires to the front and flanks.
e. Executes echelon formation.
1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.
2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation using the wingman concept, with vehicles forming an echelon left or right behind the lead vehicle.
3. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain proper lateral dispersion, interval, and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.
4. TCs orient weapon systems to provide fires to the front and in the direction of the echelon.
f. Executes line formation.
1. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.
2. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation using the wingman concept, with vehicles forming a line abreast of each other (wingman tanks maintain outside positions of the formation).
3. TCs ensure that vehicles maintain proper lateral dispersion, interval, and speed in accordance with platoon leader's guidance or platoon SOP.
4. TCs orient weapon systems to provide fires to the front.

6. Platoon executes herringbone or coil formation when it must establish local security during a halt or on completion of tactical movement.

a. Executes herringbone when the platoon must make a scheduled or unscheduled halt and assume a hasty defense with 360-degree security while remaining postured to resume movement in the direction of travel.
1. Platoon leader or PSG uses graphic control measures or a cue to initiate the formation change.
OR
2. Platoon leader or PSG uses proper voice command or visual signal.
3. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.
4. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles into covered and concealed positions on alternating sides of the route in accordance with METT-T and/or OPORD/FRAGO.

(NOTE: During convoy operations, platoon vehicles move off the route and away from the escorted vehicles to provide early warning and protection for the convoy based on METT-T factors or the convoy commander's guidance.)

5. Platoon leader or PSG directs TCs to orient vehicles outward and maintain proper dispersion in accordance with METT-T and/or OPORD/FRAGO.
6. TCs orient weapon systems outward to maintain 360-degree security. If platoon is operating independently, trail vehicle orients weapon systems to the rear to provide rear security.
7. Vehicles establish/maintain local security.
8. In an unscheduled halt, platoon leader or PSG takes following required actions:
a. Determines cause of the halt.
b. Informs commander of the halt and its cause.
c. Develops course of action.
d. Resumes movement as soon as possible.
9. In a scheduled halt, platoon leader or PSG takes following required actions:
a. Directs maintenance operations.
b. Directs resupply operations.
b. Executes coil formation when platoon is operating independently and must establish perimeter defense during extended halts or lulls in combat in accordance with METT-T.
1. Platoon leader or PSG uses graphic control measures or a cue to initiate the formation change.
OR
2. Platoon leader or PSG uses proper voice command or visual signal.
3. Platoon leader positions himself where the platoon can most effectively execute the formation and where he can best control the platoon.
4. Platoon leader or PSG directs vehicles to move into designated positions within the formation as follows:
a. Lead vehicle occupies a covered and concealed position in the direction of travel (12 o'clock).
b. Second vehicle occupies a covered and concealed position at either 3 o'clock or 9 o'clock based on unit SOP.
c. Third vehicle occupies a covered and concealed position opposite of the second vehicle.
d. Trail vehicle occupies a covered and concealed position opposite of the direction of travel (6 o'clock).
5. TCs orient vehicles outward and maintain proper dispersion in accordance with METT-T and/or OPORD/FRAGO.
6. TCs orient weapon systems outward, ensuring overlapping fields of observation and fire.
7. Vehicles establish/maintain local security.

CONDUCT A TACTICAL ROADMARCH

CONDITION

The platoon has received an OPORD/FRAGO, complete with graphics, to conduct a tactical road march as part of a company team or cavalry troop operation. The order specifies the arrival time at the SP as well as the march speed, interval, and order of march. All planning and preparations are complete, including reconnaissance to determine the time-distance factor to the SP. Enemy contact is not expected.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon moves through the SP, checkpoints, and RP at times specified in teh OPORD/FRAGO and completes movement to the location designated in the order.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. Platoon leader initiates road march and controls platoon movement toward the SP.

a. Directs platoon to begin movement using the designated formation, movement technique, and vehicle interval and speed.
b. Positions himself where he can best control the movement of the platoon.
c. Uses visual signals, FM radio, or digital system to communicate with platoon.

2. Platoon moves along the road march route.

a. Crosses the SP at the designated time, using the proper formation, movement technique, interval, and speed.
b. Maintains march speed and reaches checkpoints at times specified in the order.
c. Platoon leader or PSG reports control measures in accordance with OPORD/FRAGO or unit SOP.
d. Maintains 360-degree observation, including aerial observation.
e. TCs maintain proper weapons orientation to provide 360-degree security throughout the road march.
f. PSG ensures that vehicles that drop out of the march column rejoin the column at the rear or continue along the route of march as directed.

3. Platoon conducts scheduled halts as directed in OPORD/FRAGO.

a. Executes a herringbone or coil formation.
b. Establishes security.
c. Posts guides to direct traffic as necessary.
d. Performs during operations maintenance.
e. Refuels, if scheduled.
f. Updates POSNAV systems (M1A2).
g. Reports platoon status to commander as required by OPORD/FRAGO/unit SOP.

4. Platoon conducts unscheduled halts as necessary.

a. Clears route of march and executes herringbone formation.
b. Establishes local security.
c. Determines cause of halt.
d. Reports unscheduled halt to the commander with as much information as possible about the reason for the halt.
e. Eliminates the cause of the halt, if possible.
f. Continues the march when directed by the commander or as soon as possible.

5. Platoon takes appropriate actions when a vehicle becomes disabled.

a. TC and crew move the disabled vehicle off the route so that it odes not block traffic.
b. TC posts guides to direct traffic around vehicle, if necessary.
c. TC establishes local security and radio watch.
d. Platoon leader or PSG reports status of vehicle to commander.
e. TC and crew attempt to repair vehicle and rejoin formation if able.
f. If unable to repair vehicle, TC and crew report to the platoon leader, assist maintenance personnel, rejoin formation if able.

6. Platoon arrives at and clears RP.

a. Does not stop or block traffic at RP.
b. Reports arrival at and clearance of RP to the commander.
c. Follows guides and moves to designated platoon area.

EXECUTE ACTIONS ON CONTACT

CONDITION

The platoon is conducting tactical operations as part of a company team or cavalry troop.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon reacts to the contact, deploys as required, and reports the contact to the commander. It develops the situation based on the commander's intent while retaining sufficient combat power to continue the mission. The platoon successfully accomplishes the course of action directed by the commander.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. Platoon reacts to the situation as appropriate.

a. Reacts when contact entails enemy antitank fire.
1. TC making initial contact, returns fire immediately to destroy or suppress the enemy.
2. TC making initial contact, immediately alerts the rest of the platoon with a contact report.
3. Activates on-board smoke or missile countermeasure device as appropriate.
4. Takes evasive actions to seek cover and concealment, evade antitank fire, and/or break contact.
5. Platoon leader sends contact report to the commander.
b. Reacts when the contact does not involve antitank fire, is visual, and/or is reported by another element.
1. Platoon leader or TC making initial contact immediately alerts the rest of the platoon with contact report.
2. Platoon leader, if applicable, sends initial SPOTREP to the commander within one minute.

2. Platoon leader deploys the platoon as appropriate based on the situation.

a. Initiates one of the seven battle drills.
AND/OR
b. Orders the platoon to seek best available covered and concealed position (position should afford flank security and unobstructed observation and fields of fire).

3. Platoon leader evaluates the situation.

a. Determines or confirms the nature of the enemy force or obstacle, including size (inferior or superior), composition, activity, and orientation of enemy force and/or type, size, and location of obstacle.
b. Uses SPOTREPs and SITREPs as available to evaluate the situation.

4. Platoon leader develops the situation as required using a combination of techniques.

a. Chooses fire and maneuver, indirect fire, reconnaissance by fire, or surveillance.
b. Ensures platoon's actions allow for survivability and mission accomplishment.
c. Sends updated SPOTREP to the commander.

5. Platoon leader selects an appropriate course of action.

a. Directs platoon to execute the origianl plan specified by the commander in the OPORD.
OR
b. Based on the situation, issues FRAGO to refine the plan, ensuring it supports the commander's intent.
OR
c. Directs platoon to execute tactical movement (employing bounding overwatch and support by fire within the platoon) and reconnaissance by fire to further develop the situation.
OR
d. Chooses an alternate course of action based on evaluation and development of the situation.

6. Platoon leader recommends alternate course of action (if situation dictates a change to the original plan).

a. Sends recommendation to the commander.
b. Receives and evaluates orders to execute the course of action selected by the commander.
c. Uses cross-talk with other platoons to obtain support necessary for execution of selected course of action.

7. Platoon leader directs the platoon to execute the course of action based on the situation or commander's order.

a. Directs platoon to destroy an inferior force.
OR
b. Directs platoon to conduct overwatch/support by fire.
OR
c. Directs platoon to conduct an attack by fire.
OR
d. Directs platoon to assault an enemy position.
OR
e. Directs platoon to conduct bypass operations.
OR
f. Directs platoon to conduct reconnaissance by fire.
OR
g. Directs platoon to conduct hasty occupation of a platoon BP.
OR
h. Directs platoon to conduct platoon breaching operation.

8. Platoon leader directs operation to completion based on the situation and commander's intent.

a. Continues to execute the selected or refined course of action until platoon accomplishes the original mission, receives a FRAGO form the commander, or is ordered to execute consolidation and reorganization on the objective.
b. As necessary, alters the course of action during execution if the situation changes.

9. Platoon leader or PSG keeps the commander informed throughout the operation.

a. Sends updated SITREPs and/or SPOTREPs as necessary.
b. Reports completion of the operation.

DESTROY AN INFERIOR FORCE

CONDITION

While conducting tactical operations as part of a company team or cavalry troop, the platoon makes contact with an enemy element. Based on analysis of the terrain and the enemy's strength, weapons types, and disposition,the commander and/or the platoon leader determine that the platoon has the capability to destroy the enemy. The platoon then receives an OPORD/FRAGO to destroy the enemy without support or to seize key terrain.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon employs effective fires and/or tactical movement and, as ordered, destroys the enemy element or seizes key terrain. It then conducts consolidation and reorganization activities and/or is prepared to continue the original mission.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. Platoon leader conducts troop-leading procedures as appropriate and OPORD/FRAGO.

a. Directs the platoon to execute appropriate battle drills, if immediate action is required.
b. Designates an overwatch element and a maneuver element as appropriate.
c. Designates TRPs, sectors of fire, and fire control measures as necessary.
d. Designates routes (with cover and concealment if possible) and scheme of maneuver.

2. Platoon leader or PSG employs indirect fire/smoke support, as required and as available, in order to suppress the enemy and/or screen the platoon.

a. Sends calls for fire targeting known and suspected enemy locations or locations for smoke.
b. Adjusts indirect fire as necessary.

3. Platoon conducts tactical movement to a position of advantage.

a. Uses covered and concealed routes to the maximum extent possible.
b. Uses the most advantageous formation and movement technique based on METT-T factors.
c. Based on formation selected, maintains proper weapons orientation to ensure 360-degree security.

4. Platoon destroys the enemy force by executing an attack by fire.

a. Occupies attack by fire position on dominating terrain that affords hull-down firing positions or allows weapon standoff.
b. Employs a high volume of direct fires and requests indirect fires as available and as appropriate.
c. Moves to alternate firing positions as necessary to protect against the effects of enemy direct and indirect fires.

OR 5. Platoon destroys the enemy force by executing fire and maneuver (maneuver section assaults while overwatch section provides support by fire).

a. Occupies support by fire position on dominating terrain that affords hull-down firing positions or allows weapon standoff (overwatch element).
b. Employs a high volume of direct fires and requests indirect fires as available and as appropriate (overwatch element).
c. Moves to alternate firing positions as necessary to maintain intense direct fires on the enemy and to protect against effects of enemy direct and indirect fires.
d. With support by fire under way, executes a rapid and violent assault to destroy enemy (maneuver element).
e. Maintains cross-talk to reduce fratricide risk and to lift and shift supporting fires as necessary (overwatch and maneuver elements).

OR 6. Platoon destroys the enemy force by executing an assault (entire platoon assaults).

a. Occupies or moves through assault position (last covered and concealed position before the objective).
b. Moves out on line and executes a rapid and violent assault, employing all weapon systems to defeat the enemy in detail.
c. Ensures that indirect fires are lifted and shifted as necessary.
d. Occupies defensible terrain on or beyond the objective or continues to move along the assigned axis in accordance with orders or commander's guidance.

7. Platoon leader or PSG keeps the commander informed of the situation and prepares the platoon for future operations.

a. Sends updated SITREPs to the commander as necessary.
b. Directs the platoon to conduct consolidation and reorganization activities.
AND/OR
c. Directs the platoon to continue the company team/cavalry troop mission.

ASSAULT AN ENEMY POSITION

CONDITION

The tank platoon is operating as part of a company team or cavalry troop during tactical operations and receives an OPORD/FRAGO to conduct as assault. The commander has positioned the remainder of the unit in support by fire positions. The platoon may or may not be in its assault position.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon successfully executes the assault, destroying all enemy forces or forcing them to displace off the objective.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. The platoon leader receives and analyzes the OPORD/FRAGO.

a. Determines location of the objective.
b. If METT-T allows, determines location of the assault position (the last covered and concealed position en route to the objective) if the position is not specified in the OPORD/FRAGO.
c. Identifies covered and concealed routes to the assault position.
d. Confirms commander's direct and indirect fire scheme of maneuver (who has indirect fire control; when to lift and shift fires).
e. As necessary, co-ordinates with supporting elements.
f. Issues FRAGO to platoon.

2. Platoon conducts tactical movement to the assault position.

a. Employs appropriate formation and movement technique.
b. Orients weapon systems to provide 360-degree security during movement.
c. If necessary, engages enemy forces.

3. If the platoon is unable to occupy an assault position, platoon leader determines/designates tactical information and relays it to the platoon and/or commander while on the move toward the objective.

a. Collects and disseminates updated enemy information from and to TCs, overwatch forces, support forces, and the commander.
b. As the situation permits, designates TRPs, targets, and routes through the objective.

OR 4. Platoon occupies the assault position.

a. Comes on line within the assault position (in turret- or hull-down positions if METT-T allows).
b. Scans objective to determine enemy type, size, and locations and types of any obstacles.
c. Conducts final checks of vehicles, weapons, and equipment and reports to the platoon leader when prepared to assault.

5. Platoon leader analyzes the situation and makes final preparations.

a. In accordance with METT-T, develops an estimate of the situation to determine additional courses of actions that may be required by the platoon and/or company/troop prior to and after the assault but that were not in the commander's original OPORD/FRAGO.
b. Determines composition and disposition of the enemy force occupying the objective and identifies routes into enemy flanks and/or bypass routes around any known obstacles.
c. Sends SPOTREP/SITREP to the commander recommending course of action.
d. Relays pertinent information from the commander to the TCs as it is received.
e. As necessary, designates TRPs, targets, and routes through the objective.

6. Platoon leader orders the platoon to assault.

a. Specifies weapons orientation and limit of advance.
b. Requests direct and/or indirect fire support to suppress known or suspected enemy forces on or within range of the objective.

7. Platoon executes the assault.

a. Moves out on line.
b. Maintains forward momentum along designated routes or in accordance with OPORD/FRAGO.
c. Platoon leader or platoon sergeant ensures that supporting fires are lifted and shifted beyond objective as necessary.
d. Employs all weapon systems to destroy or suppress enemy elements on the objective.
e. If the objective is defensible, moves to its designated position on the objective.
OR
f. If the objective is not defensible, assaults through the objective to occupy defensible terrain beyond it in accordance with the commander's intent.

8. Platoon occupies defensible positions.

a. Executes steps for hasty occupation of a battle position.
b. Continues to use direct/indirect fires as appropriate to destroy identified enemy elements.

9. Platoon leader reports the situation.

a. Compiles SITREPs from TCs.
b. Submits SITREPs to the commander as necessary.

10. Platoon conducts consolidation and reorganization.

CONDUCT AN ATTACK BY FIRE

CONDITION

The platoon is operating in a tactical environment as part of a company team or cavalry troop that was made contact with a moving or stationary enemy. The commander orders the platoon to conduct an attack by fire (ABF).

TASK STANDARD

The platoon conducts tactical movement to and occupies the ABF position. It places effective fire and (if applicable) indirect fire on the enemy element and destroys or suppresses it.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. Platoon leaader receives/analyzes the OPORD/FRAGO.

a. Determines location of the enemy element.
b. If METT-T allows, determines location of the ABF position if the position is not specified in the order.
c. Identifies covered and concealed routes to ABF position (if not specified in the order) and, if applicable, uses way points to assist in the navigation.
d. Confirms commander's direct fire and (if applicable) indirect fire scheme of maneuver.
e. Coordinates with supporting elements as required.
f. Issues FRAGO to the platoon.

2. Platoon conducts tactical movement to ABF position.

a. Uses appropriate formation and movement technique.
b. Orients weapon systems to provide 360-degree security during movement.
c. If necessary, engages enemy forces.

3. Platoon occupies the ABF position.

a. Based on graphic control measures and/or METT-T, confirms that the position meets the following tactical considerations:
1. Position allows the platoon to place effective fires on the enemy.
2. Position facilitates weapon standoff.
AND/OR
3. Position is located on terrain affording cover and concealment for hull-down or turret-down positions.
b. Conducts hasty occupation of of the ABF position.
c. Platoon leader designates TRPs, sectors of fires, and tentative firing positions.
d. Begins scanning sectors of fire as designated by the platoon leader or SOP.

4. Platoon executes the attack by fire.

a. Platoon leader issues a platoon fire command specifying the method of fire, firing pattern, and rate of fire, the platoon must sustain to accomplish the task.
b. Uses main gun fire to suppress and destroy large targets.
c. Uses machine gun fire to suppress dismounted troops and suspected enemy positions.
d. Platoon leader and/or platoon sergeant, if applicable, calls for and adjusts indirect fires onto the enemy elements.
e. Maintains situational awareness of enemy unit locations through visual contact, radio cross-talk, and digital systems.

5. Platoon leader directs the attack by fire until all enemy elements are destroyed or suppressed or the order to lift fires is received.

a. Directs platoon to sustain a continuous and consistent rate of fire on the enemy position.
b. If applicable, controls supporting fires on the enemy by starting, stopping, or shifting subordinate element and/or indirect fires as necessary.
c. Directs the platoon to move to alternate ABF positions as necessary to avoid becoming decisively engaged and/or to maintain effective fires on the enemy.
d. Orders a cease-fire once the enemy is destroyed or on order from the commander.
e. Sends updated SPOTREPs/SITREPs to the commander as necessary.
f. Directs platoon to continue the mission as ordered.

CONDUCT OVERWATCH/SUPPORT BY FIRE

CONDITION

The platoon is conducting tactical operations as part of a company team or cavalry troop. It has been designated by the commander to provide overwatch and/or support by fire (SBF) for moving freindly elements from moving or stationary positions. Enemy contact is possible.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon assumes a position from which it can provide overwatch/SBF for the supported element. As necessary, the platoon suppresses or destroys enemy elements that could affect accomplishment of the supported element's mission. The platoon maintains situational awareness and communication with the supported force and warns it of lapses in overwatch coverage.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. Platoon leader receives and analyzes the OPORD/FRAGO for the overwatch/SBF mission.

a. Identifies/designates tentative overwatch/SBF positions, TRPs, sectors of fire, company team objective, movement element routes, and/or orientation on likely enemy positions.
b. Identifies covered and concealed routes to be used during movement to overwatch/SBF positions.
c. Ensures platoon knows signal to lift and shift fires.

2. Platoon conducts tactical movement and/or occupies overwatch /SBF positions to support moving element.

a. Maintains orientation on and overwatch of the supported element's battle space during movement.
b. Adjusts movement to maintain correct interval from the supported element based on the terrain and the ability of the platoon's weapon systems to cover the supported element's battle space.
c. Informs moving element to slow/ alter movement to maintain the overwatch/SBF element's ability to provide direct/indirect fire support.
d. If necessary, makes a short halt on key terrain that affords more effective overwatch for the supported element.
e. If appropriate, conducts hasty occupation of overwatch/SBF position that provides effective weapon standoff, cover and concealment for hull-down or turret-down positions, and/or orientation on likely enemy positions.

3. Platoon conducts overwatch from stationary position as the situation dictates.

a. Begins scanning sectors of fire as designated by the platoon leader or SOP.
b. Keeps supported element informed of the enemy situation and of any lapses in overwatch coverage.

4. If support by fire becomes necessary, platoon initiates suppressive fires, either when the platoon leader issues a platoon fire command or when individual vehicles fire after observing an enemy element.

a. If necessary, occupies hull-down firing positions.
b. Uses main gun and machine gun fire to destroy targets and suppress dismounted troops and suspected enemy locations.
c. Calls for and adjusts indirect fires onto the enemy elements.
d. Adjusts fires as necessary to prevent fratricide based on the supported unit's movement/signals.
e. Moves to alternate positions as necessary to avoid becoming decisively engaged and/or to maintain effective fires on the enemy.
f. Maintains situational awareness of friendly and enemy unit locations through visual contact, radio cross-talk, and digital systems.

5. Platoon moves to rejoin the company team/cavalry troop when overwatch/SBF is completed.

a. Conducts tactical movement to the appropriate platoon location.
b. Assumes designated position within the company team/cavalry troop formation/position.

CONDUCT RECONNAISSANCE BY FIRE

CONDITION

The platoon is conducting offensive operations in a tactical environment as part of a company team or cavalry troop. Enemy contact is expected or has already occurred, but the enemy situation is vague. The commander directs the platoon to develop the situation, using reconnaissance by fire to force the enemy to react.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon causes the enemy to displace from its position, identifies enemy positions from return fire, or determines that there are no enemy forces in the suspected position.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. Platoon leader identifies suspected enemy locations and designates them as platoon TRPs.

a. Targets key terrain overwatching choke points or danger areas.
b. Targets built-up areas that dominate the surrounding terrain.
c. Targets uncleared wooded areas.

2. Platoon occupies an overwatch position.

a. Conducts tactical movement to the overwatch location using the cover and concealment provided by the terrain to protect against enemy fires.
b. Selects a position that provides cover and concealment.
c. Occupies hull-down fighting positions if possible.
d. Begins scanning sectors of fire as designated by the platoon leader.

3. Platoon employs direct and indirect fire as appropriate.

a. If indirect fire is used, platoon leader takes these actions:
1. Sends call for fire targeting suspected enemy locations.
2. Observes for enemy reaction and adjusts indirect fires as necessary to destroy enemy forces.
b. If direct fire is used, takes these actions:
1. One tank per section fires short bursts of machine gun fire into and around suspected enemy positions, using main gun fire only as necessary.
2. The other tank in each section observes for enemy activity ans uses machine gun and/or main gun fire to destroy any enemy elements forced to maneuver from their position(s).
c. Executes actions on contact as necessary.
d. Platoon leader sends SITREPs to the commander as necessary.

4. Platoon leader or platoon sergeant determines that no enemy elements are occupying the suspected position.

a. Sends SITREP to the commander.
b. Directs the platoon to continue the mission based on commander's guidance, the OPORD/FRAGO, or unit SOP.

FOLLOW AND SUPPORT

CONDITION

The platoon is conducting tactical operations as part of a company team, cavalry troop, or with light infantry. Elements consisting of dismounted infantry or scouts are leading. The platoon is conducting tactical movement, or it is stationary to the rear of and not in the battle space of the lead element. The platoon leader receives a FRAGO to conduct linkup and to destroy an enemy position that has halted the forward progress of the lead element.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon positions itself during movement so it does not interfere with the lead element's battle space or tactical movement. The platoon conducts linkup and destroys the enemy position or vehicle(s), enabling the lead element to continue its origianl mission.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. Platoon conducts tactical movement and/or hasty occupation of a battle position.

a. To the maximum extent possible, uses covered and concealed routes that do not interfere with battle space or movement of the lead element.
b. Uses the most advantageous formation and movement technique based on METT-T.
c. Based on the formation selected, maintains proper weapons orientation to ensure 360-degree security.
d. Enters battle position from the rear and occupies position using modified line formation.
e. Moves into turret-down positions and orients all weapon systems toward the center of the avenue of approach or engagement area.

2. If physical linkup is required, platoon leader conducts linkup with the lead element.

a. Conducts tactical movement to designated contact point.
b. Employs far and near recognition signals to reduce fratricide risk.

3. Platoon leader conducts coordination with lead element.

a. Based on tactical situation, conducts information exchange to confirm or determine the following:
1. Enemy disposition.
2. Friendly disposition.
3. Tentative maneuver plan.
4. Requirements for use of guides.
5. Control procedures for direct and indirect fires.
6. Close-in protection procedures for platoon vehicles.
7. Communications procedures.
b. As time permits, conducts a map and/or ground reconnaissance with lead element leaders to identify and/or coordinate the following:
1. Primary and alternate routes.
2. Firing positions.
3. Danger areas along the route that may provide enemy ambush positions.
4. Dominating structures and terrain along the route.
5. Use of and locations for ground guides.

4. Platoon leader updates the platoon.

a. Outlines results of information exchange.
b. Briefs the plan to destroy the target, including tactical information from the reconnaissance.
c. Specifies the time of movement.

5. Platoon conducts tactical movement to the firing position.

a. Employs indirect and direct fires to suppress enemy antitank weapons and obscure the movement of platoon.
b. As required, uses dismounted personnel to guide vehicles to their position and provide close-in security.

6. Platoon conducts actions on contact to execute one of the following operations:

a. Executes actions to destroy an inferior force.
OR
b. Executes attack by fire against the enemy position.
OR
c. Executes an assault against the enemy position
OR
d. Executes support by fire for an assault by friendly elements or over watches friendly movement to destroy the enemy position.

7. Platoon leader informs the commander of the situation and prepares the platoon for future operations.

a. Sends SITREPs to the commander as necessary.
b. Directs the platoon to continue the follow and support mission.
OR
c. Directs the platoon to consolidate and/or reorganize at a secure location to await further orders.

DISENGAGE FROM THE ENEMY

CONDITION

The platoon is operating as part of a company team or cavalry troop and is in contact with enemy elements. The commander has ordered the platoon to disengage; he has specified a route for the disengagement and a location to which the platoon is to move. Another element may or may not be available to cover platoon movement.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon breaks contact from the enemy and moves to a designated point where neither the enemy nor the platoon can observe the other or engage the other with direct fire.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. The platoon leader issues a FRAGO to the platoon with emphasis on the following actions:

a. Designates the location to which the platoon will move.
b. Designates the route to the new location.
c. Designates the order of march.

2. Platoon disengages from enemy contact with another platoon providing overwatch.

a. Begins tactical movement to the designated location.
b. Based on METT-T, employs appropriate formation and movement technique.
c. Maintains weapons orientation toward the enemy and engages enemy elements as necessary.
d. Uses on-board smoke as appropriate to screen movement.
e. Occupies the new position and establishes security.

OR 3. Platoon disengages from enemy contact without overwatch support.

a. Platoon leader designates one section to lead the movement and the other to overwatch.
b. Begins disengagement with overwatch section remaining in place and providing direct/indirect fires (including smoke) to suppress, destroy, and/or screen the enemy as appropriate.
c. Begins tactical movement toward the designated location, with the maneuver section keeping weapons oriented toward the enemy and engaging enemy forces as necessary. Maneuver section uses on-board smoke as appropriate.
d. As the tactical situation permits, executes disengagement of the overwatch section. Overwatch section calls for final indirect fires as appropriate, begins tactical movement toward designated location, and maintains weapons orientation toward the enemy, engaging as necessary. It uses on-board smoke as needed.
e. Occupies new position and establishes local security.

4. Platoon leader completes disengagement actions.

a. Sends SITREP to report completion of disengagement to the commander.
b. Directs consolidation and reorganization activities as required to prepare platoon for future operations.

CONDUCT HASTY OCCUPATION OF A BATTLE POSITION

CONDITION

The platoon is conducting tactical operations as part of a company team or cavalry troop and has received an OPORD/FRAGO to defend a battle position. The platoon is en route to the battle position. Enemy contact is not expected prior to the "defend NLT" time specified in the order, but there is insufficient time to conduct the steps of a deliberate occupation prior to enemy contact.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon occupies the designated battle position, avoiding detection by the enemy. It orients on the designated portion of the company team's engagement area or sector of fire and is prepared to defend by the time specified in the OPORD/FRAGO/

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. Platoon arrives at and begins occupation of the designated battle position.

a. Enters the battle position from the flank or rear.
b. Assumes a modified line formation and orients all weapons toward the center of the engagement area.
c. On order, moves simultaneously into turret-down positions within the limits of the battle position.

NOTE: The following steps are dependent on time available; some or all additional steps of a deliberate occupation may be completed depending on when the enemy arrives.

2. Platoon leader designates defensive control measures.

a. Identifies and references TRPs, engagement areas, and/or sectors of fire for primary fighting positions.
b. Identifies tentative locations for each vehicle's primary fighting position.
c. Identifies and references TRPs, engagement areas, and/or sectors of fire for supplementary fighting positions.
d. Identifies tentative locations for each vehicle's supplementary fighting position.
e. Designates covered and concealed displacement routes between the current battle position and alternate/successive battle positions, if necessary.

3. TCs adjust positions as necessary to cover the engagement areas identified by the platoon leader.

a. Select alternate fighting positions
b. Select covered and concealed routes between primary, alternate, and supplementary fighting positions.

4. Platoon leader directs the platoon to move into primary fighting positions.

a. Directs all vehicles to move into hull-down positions and scan their sectors of fire.
b. As time permits, identifies trigger line, engagement criteria, fire pattern, break point, and disengagement plan.
c. Reports "ESTABLISHED" to the commander.

5. As time permits, platoon leader directs the platoon to continue improvement of the battleposition.

CONDUCT A PLATOON DEFENSE

CONDITION

The platoon has completed occupation of a battle position as part of a company team or cavalry troop defense or in preparation for a perimeter defense. The platoon leader has prepared a platoon fire plan and has received displacement criteria from the commander. The platoon observes an advancing enemy element, or it is alerted to an enemy unit by a SPOTREP or contact report from the commander or another element.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon destroys, blocks, or canalizes the enemy force or begins displacement in accordance with the commander's intent. If necessary, the platoon moves to a successive battle position before being overrun by the enemy force in its sector.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. Platoon reacts to enemy contact.

a. TC making initial contact alerts the rest of the platoon with a contact report or SPOTREP.
b. Platoon leader or platoon sergeant sends a SPOTREP or enemy contact to the commander.
OR
c. Platoon leader or platoon sergeant acknowledges incoming SPOTREP from commander or another element.

2. If contact results from a report by another unit, platoon leader analyzes incoming SPOTREP and /or contact report.

a. Identifies mounted/dismounted avenues of approach he expects enemy to use to enter platoon sector.
b. Based on the information available, determines the enemy's capabilities and objectives.

3. Platoon leader disseminates information from the contact report/SPOTREP to TCs and OPs.

a. Identifies enemy's expected avenues of approach and projected capabilities and objectives.
b. Provides other tactical information as available.

4. Platoon prepares for the enemy's arrival.

a. Platoon leader adjusts REDCON level as necessary.
b. On platoon leader's signal, starts engines simultaneously and moves to turret-down positions.
c. If applicable, withdraws from dismounted positions and remounts vehicles.
d. Scans for targets and enemy activity.

5. Platoon leader or platoon sergeant employs indirect fire to force the enemy to button up and deploy.

a. Requests indirect fire in accordance with the defensive fire plan and/or OPORD/FRAGO.
b. Adjusts indirect fire as necessary.

6. Platoon leader issues a platoon fire command, including hte following elements as a minimum:

a. Specifies alert --- addresses the vehicle(s) which are to fire.
b. Specifies target description by number, type, and activity of enemy elements.
c. Specifies orientation to target by reference point, terrain feature, or direction.
d. Specifies execution, e.g., "FIRE" or "AT MY COMMAND".

7. Vehicle crews prepare to engage.

a. TCs lay main gun for direction.
b. TCs issue crew fire commands.
c. Weapons loaded.
d. TCs orient gunners on proper targets.
e. TCs report when ready.

8. Platoon leader directs the platoon to engage with direct fire.

a. Directs the platoon to move simultaneously into hull-down positions within primary fighting positions.
b. Directs the vehicles to engage targets within their sector in accordance with the platoon fire plan.
c. Orders "FIRE" when the enemy crosses the trigger line.
d. With platoon sergeant, coordinates sections' movement to alternate positions so that only one tank per section moves at a time.
e. Issues additional fire commands, as necessary, to destroy all enemy targets within the platoon sector while controlling overkill and ammunition expenditure.
f. Directs all or a portion of the platoon to move to supplementary fighting positions, as necessary, to destroy enemy forces moving through different sectors of fire or avenues of approach.

9. If enemy has been destroyed or halted, platoon continues to defend from its present location.

a. Terminates direct fire engagements when platoon leader announces "CEASE FIRE".
b. Backs into turret-down positions as directed by the platoon leader.
c. Scans for additional enemy targets.
d. Platoon leader sends a complete SITREP to the commander.

10. If the enemy elements advance in sufficient force to meet the displacement criteria specified in the commander's guidance and/or OPORD/FRAGO, platoon displaces to a successive or alternate battle position.

a. If the displacement is covered by an overwatch element, the platoon moves as a unit to the next battle position, keeping weapon systems oriented toward the enemy.
b. If overwatch is not available, the platoon displaces by section, with one section covering the displacement and movement of the other section, then moving to the next battle position when overwatch is no longer needed. The platoon may be required to use the bounding overwatch technique, bounding by sections, during displacement.
c. Platoon leader sends a complete SITREP to the commander when displacement is completed.

11. Platoon conducts consolidation and reorganization.

DISPLACE TO SUCCESSIVE/ALTERNATE BATTLE POSITION

CONDITION

The platoon is conducting a defensive operation as part of a company team or cavalry troop. Enemy forces have advanced in sufficient force to meet the company team's disengagement criteria in accordance with the OPORD/FRAGO, or the commander has ordered displacement to a successive or alternate position because of a change of a mission. The platoon's movement may or may not be over watched by another platoon.

TASK STANDARD

The platoon executes the displacement, conducts hasty occupation of the successive/alternate battle position, and is prepared to fight and/or provide overwatch for the remainder of the company team or troop.

PERFORMANCE MEASURES

1. Platoon leader initiates displacement.

a. Designates an overwatch element if the displacement is not covered by another platoon.
b. Initiates Final Protective Fires, if allocated.
c. Orders the platoon to begin displacement.

2. If overwatch is provided by another platoon, platoon displaces to a successive/alternate battle position.

a. Backs down into hide positions and, keeping weapons oriented in the direction of the last enemy contact, turns toward the successive/alternate battle position.
b. Uses on-board smoke in accordance with METT-T.
c. Conducts tactical movement to the successive or alternate battle position, using covered and concealed routes while keeping all weapons oriented in the direction of the last known enemy contact.
d. Enters the successive or alternate battle position from the flank or rear.

3. If overwatch is not provided by another platoon, platoon displaces by section to the successive or alternate battle position.

a. As necessary, overwatch section observes and/or engages the enemy.
b. Maneuver section backs down into a hide position and, keeping weapons oriented in the direction of last enemy contact, begins movement toward the successive or alternate battle position.
c. Once the maneuver section is under way, overwatch section backs down into a hide position and, keeping weapons oriented in the direction of the last enemy contact, begins movement toward the successive or alternate battle position.
d. Conducts tactical movement to the successive or alternate battle position.

(NOTE: Each section uses the appropriate movement technique, maintains the proper speed and interval, follows a covered and concealed route, and keeps all weapons oriented in the direction of the last known enemy contact.)

e. Uses on-board smoke in accordance with METT-T.
f. Enters successive or alternate battle position from the flank or rear.

4. Platoon conducts hasty occupation of the successive or alternate battle position.

a. Moves simultaneously into turret-down positions within the primary fighting positions.
b. Platoon leader designates defensive control measures.
c. Adjusts positions as necessary to cover the engagement area.
d. Platoon leader reports "ESTABLISHED" to the commander.
c. As time permits, performs additional steps of a deliberate occupation.