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Maj.Hans

Ammunition Database - Who had what, when?

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Leopard 2 users:

Germany:

APFSDS

                  1979 DM13
                     ? DM13A1
                  1983 DM23
                  1987 DM33
                  1999       DM53 - Kosovo deployment only.  
                  2001       DM53 - Main army deployment.

HEAT    
                  1979       DM12
HE                   
                  2003? Rheinmetall HE

Notes: DM13A1 info scarce, seems to be an improvement of DM13.  Germany never bought DM43, but KEW-A1 = DM43A1.

Netherlands:  
APFSDS
                  1983 DM23
                  1987? DM33
                  2002 DM53
HEAT               
                  1983       DM12
HE                   
                  2004 Rheinmetall HE

Spain:
APFSDS
                  1995 DM33?
                  2004? DM53  
HEAT               
                  1995 DM12?
 
Comments: Since the initial Spanish Leopard 2s were leased from Germany, they most likely came with
the standard DM33 and DM12 ammunition.

Sweden:  
APFSDS
  1995 Slpprj m/95
HE                   
  1997 IMI/Nammo HE-T
 
Comments: The Slpprj m/95 is an Israeli round, and details about it are very scarce. As a consequence, the round's performance in Steel Beasts is a general estimate only.   Never purchased HEAT.

Switzerland:  
APFSDS
                  1987       Pfeil Pat 87 Lsp
                     ? DM33?

1999       Pfeil Pat 98 Lsp. (aka DM53)
HEAT               
                  1987       DM12?
 
Comments: Swiss ammunition holdings are not widely publicized. The initial round appears to be the PfielPat 87 Lsp, which may be the DM13A1, or may be another round all together. In Steel Beasts it is considered to be the DM13A1. It is possible that the DM33 was acquired sometime during the early 1990s, but this is only conjecture at this point. The acquisition of the Pfeil Pat 98 (the DM53) is definite. The HEAT round is assumed to be the standard DM12 type.

 Greece:
?

 

Finland:
?

 

Canada:
?

Denmark:
?

Poland:
?  

Norway:
?

 

Turkey:
?

 

M1A1/2 Abrams users

United States:  
APFSDS
                  1985 M829
                  1988 M829A1
                  1993 M829A2
                  2003 M829A3
HEAT               
                  1985 M830
                  1993 M830A1
                  1997 XM908

 

Notes: During OIF it seems that some tanks were given a mixed compliment of Sabot, HEAT, and MPAT.  Not currently sure if M830A1 is still issued alongside MPAT.

XM908 (became M908 HE-OR-T) is a demolition round that at least at one point was only fielded to Korea, meant to break up bunkers and fortifications.

Egypt:
APFSDS
                  1991 KE-W
                  1999 KE-WA1
                  2004?      KE-WA2 - proposed project.
HEAT               
                  1991       M830?

KE-W is a tungsten round made by US firms for export.  KE-WA1 is DM43A1.  At the time this document was written KE-WA2 was just a proposal.

Kuwait:
APFSDS
                  1994 M829
                  ?       Possibly a tungsten round?
HEAT               
                  1994       M830?
 
Comments: Kuwait received M829s, but it is also possible they have a tungsten round of some sort, although this is purely conjecture.

 

Saudi Arabia:
APFSDS
                  1993 M829
                     ?         Possibly a tungsten round?
HEAT               
                  1993       M830?
 
Comments: Like Kuwait, Saudi Arabia received M829s.

 

Australia:
?

 

Iraq:
?

 

Other 120mm users:
Israel (Merkava Mk3/4, M60 Upgrades)

Turkey (M60 Upgrades)

France (Leclerc)
?

UAE (Leclerc)
?

 

105mm NATO Main Gun Users:

United States (M1/IPM1/M60A1/A3/M48 Upgrades, Stryker MGS)

 

United Kingdom(Centurion)

 

West Germany/Germany (Leopard1)

 

Australia(Leopard1)

 

Belgium(Leopard1)

 

Canada(Leopard1)

 

Denmark(Leopard1)

 

Norway (M60, replaced with Leo1)

 

Greece (Leo1 and M60, was the ammo used in the two vehicles different?)

 

Turkey (Numerous 105mm armed vehicles.)

 

Iran (M60A1)

 

Egypt(M60A1/A3)

 

Saudi Arabia(M60A1/A3)

 

Israel (M60s, Merkavas, Centurions)

 

Italy (M60 till 1990s, Centauro) 

 

Austria (M60s from '64 to '97, also SK105?)

 

125mm armed tank users:

Russia, and states of former USSR:
APFSDS
                  1969 3BM9
                1969-72 3BM12
                 1970s 3BM15
                  1970s 3BM17
                  1976 3BM22
                  1982 3BM29
                  1983 3BM26
                  1984 3BM32
                  1986 3BM42
                  1998?      3BM42M - status uncertain.
HEAT               
                  1969 3BK12
                  1970s      3BK14
                 1980s? 3BK18
                 1980s? 3BK21
                 1990s? 3BK29
HE                   
                  1969 3OF19

                  1986? 3OF26

NOTES: The Soviets had a huge tank fleet, so old ammo stuck around for decades especially in reserve units.  Important states of the former USSR, such as the Ukraine, have displayed modern 3BM42 (called 3BM42Y) and 3BM42M (called 3BM42Y1) rounds.  The 3BK21 DU HEAT round and 3BK29 anti-ERA HEAT rounds seem to be rare, and should not be in common use. The 1986 service date of the 3OF26 is based on East German service dates.

 

Bulgaria:         
APFSDS
                mid '80s     3BM9/12/15?
                 1996 upgrade?
HEAT               
                mid '80s     3BK14
                late '80s?    3BK18
HE    
                mid '80s     3OF19
 
Comments: Few details are available. Probably low-performance APFSDS rounds delivered initially.
Possibility of an upgrade to newer rounds with a delivery of tanks from Russia in 1996, although this is
conjectural. Local companies produce the 3BK14, 3BK18, and 3OF19.

 

Czechoslovakia (former):
APFSDS
                  1977 3BM9/12/15?
                 1980s?     APFSDS Pp Sv - possibly equivalent to 3BM15
                1997-8?     Possible Czech KE upgrade - not clear if produced.
               1997-98?    Possible Slovak KE upgrade - not clear if produced.

HEAT               
                  1977 3BK14/18?
HE                   
                  1977       HE SMRK - equivalent to 3OF19.  
 
Comments: Details are sketchy. Czechoslovakia probably received 3BM9/12/15 type initially. Locally produced APFSDS PpSv may be the 3BM15. After partition (into Czech and Slovak Republics) there may have been an upgrade ca. 1997-98, possibly by the Czech company Synthesia, or with the Slovak APFSDS Tapna. These may even be the same round. No details are available at this time, but it would be reasonable to simulate this with the Polish Pronit APFSDS round. HEAT rounds are assumed to be 3BK14/18 type.  Locally produced HE SMRK rounds are equivalent to 3OF19.

*Attached TAPNA documentation.  Performance  "540mm RHA at 2000 meters."  Does not say, however, if the target plate is sloped.  Assuming that performance is against a 0 deg plate, and using Fofanov's webpage to find "predicted average penetration at 2000m/0deg" for Soviet ammo, TAPNA seems to be close to but slightly worse than 3BM32 or a little better than 3BM42.
 

East Germany (former):
APFSDS
                  1977 3BM9, 3BM12.
HEAT               
                  1977 3BK14
HE    
                  1977 3OF19
                  1986 3OF26
 
Comments: East Germany received 3BM9s and 3BM12s with their T-72s, and retained them in service until the fall of the wall and the re-unification of Germany. If there were more modern rounds available they were kept secret from the tank crews, and did not appear in manuals. (!!)

 

Hungary:  
APFSDS
                  1978 3BM9/12/15?
                  1998 Possible upgrade?
HEAT               
                  1978 3BK14/18?
HE    
                  1978 3OF19?
 
Comments: Hungary did not have ammunition production facilities, and is assumed to have been equipped with early ammunition, like other Warsaw Pact allies. Deliveries of tanks from Belarus in 1998 could have been accompanied by newer ammunition, but this is entirely conjectural, and details are limited.  

Poland:  
APFSDS
                        1977 3BM9/12/15?
                        1996? Pronit APFSDS
HEAT               
                  1977 3BK18
HE    
                  1977 3OF19
 
Comments: Poland locally produces rounds equivalent to the 3BK18 and 3OF19. Initial APFSDS production is assumed to have been early 3BM9/12/15 style rounds. After the breakup of the Warsaw Pact the Polish company Pronit developed and began to produce a western-style tungsten APFSDS round, possibly around 1996.

 

Romania:
APFSDS
                  1979 3BM9, 3BM15.
                  1996? M711?
HEAT               
                  1979 3BK14
HE                   
                  1979 3OF19 equivalent.
 
Comments: Romania locally produces the 3BM9, 3BM15, 3BK14, and what is probably a 3OF19 equivalent. There is a possibility that the Israeli M711 APFSDS round was developed with Romanian companies, in which case it is possible that the round was intended for Romanian service, although this has not been confirmed.  

Finland:
APFSDS
                   1985 3BM9/12/15.
                mid 90s?     Possible upgrade?
HEAT    
                   1985 3BK14/18?
HE                   
                   1985 3OF19?
 
Comments: Finland used old-style APFSDS rounds of the 3BM9/12/15 style at least as late as 1993, and possibly longer. There are rumors that more modern rounds were obtained in the mid 1990s, but no confirmation is available. If you wish to simulate this possibility, any of the newer tungsten 125 mm rounds (M711, 125-I, Pronit) would make a reasonable test case. Other ammunition includes conventional rounds, probably of the 3BK14/18 and 3OF19 style.

 

Yugoslavia (former):
APFSDS
                   1979 3BM9
                  1984?      KE shell M88 - equivalent to 3BM12.
HEAT               
                   1979 3BK14?
                   1984?      HEAT shell M88 - equivalent to 3BK18.
HE                   
                   1979 3OF19?
                  1984?      125 mm HE shell (M86?) - equivalent to 3OF19.
 
Comments: Yugoslavia initially received basic 125 mm ammunition, and followed this with domestic production of slightly more advanced models sometime in the early to mid 1980s. A more advanced  APFSDS round, the KE shell M95, was ready for production in 1991, but failed to materialize as the country broke up and the M95 tank project was canceled.

 

Bosnia (formerly part of Yugoslavia)
APFSDS
            2004?  APFSDS-T Shell M04 - apparently a successor to the KE Shell M88, produced by UNIS group in Bosnia, offered or displayed quite recently as of 2016 in/to Malaysia.  Offered alongside the older M88 KE Shell.  "540 mm of rolled homogenous armor (RHA) oriented at 0 degrees obliquity at target range of 2000 m" (See attachment: Pretis 2013 Catalog)

*-This penetration figure for M04 is exactly the same "540mm at 2000m" as the TAPNA catalog.  Same round?  As with TAPNA this puts it between 3BM32 and 3BM42.

HEAT
            ?          HEAT shell M88P1 - Offered by UNIS group in Bosnia alongside plain M88, no explanation of how it's different from standard M88 HEAT.
            ?          HEAT shell M04 - mentioned on an advert for the M04 KE round, typo?
HE
            ?          M86 - Unremarkable HE-FRAG type shell.

 

 

Iran:  
APFSDS
                  1982 3BM9/12/15?
                 1993-8 Possible upgrade?
HEAT               
  1982       Iranian 125 mm HEAT-T
HE                   
                  1982       125 mm SAFIR - equivalent to 3OF19
 
Comments: Original deliveries probably included early ammunition. Iran locally produces the its own versions of basic HEAT and HE ammunition, and probably early APFSDS ammunition as well, although this is not confirmed. Large numbers of T-72s were delivered from Russia during the 1990s, and there was an opportunity to receive newer ammunition at that point. That is entirely conjectural, however.

 

Iraq:  
APFSDS
                  1980 3BM9.
                Late '80s    125 mm Sub Caliber Hard Core Shell - 3BM12/15
HEAT               
                  1980 3BK14/18?
HE                   
  1980        3OF19 equivalent.
 
Comments: Original deliveries probably included early ammunition. Believed to have produced 3BM9 locally, followed by a hard-core APFSDS round that was either a 3BM12 or 3BM15 copy, and was used in the Gulf War in 1991. Production capabilities have presumably been restored, now that a decade has passed since the war, but there are no indications of more modern ammunition yet.

** I'm currently digging through book marks, but I seem to recall reading that at least one Abrams tank was struck by what was thought to be a 125mm 3BM-22 type round during the 1991 Gulf War.  Has anyone seen more recent information about what they may have received since then?

 

Israel:
Doesn't use 125mm, made M711 for export ca. 1996

 

Kuwait:            
APFSDS
            1990       KE shell M88? - equivalent to 3BM12.

HEAT               
                  1990 3BK14/18?
HE                   
                  1990 3OF19?
 
Comments: The Kuwaiti army had just begun to receive Yugoslavian m84s when the Gulf War broke out in 1990. The tanks were presumably equipped with Yugoslavian ammunition, including the Yugoslavian produced 3BM12, called the KE shell M88, and common rounds of the 3BK14/18 and 3OF19 type.
**Surely they must have upgraded by now, if they still use the M84s?

 

Syria:            
APFSDS
                  1980 3BM9/12/15?
                 1990s? Possible upgrade.

Damian90 identified 3BM42 together with 3BM15 in a recent photo from the ongoing Syrian conflict.
At least one source: http://spioenkop.blogspot.com/2014/12/syrias-steel-beasts-t-72.html Indicates 3BM22 as well (He refers specifically to the 3BM23 projectile and 3BM44 projectiles)

This new ammo possibly acquired with or as part of the T-72As received in 1982 in exchange for a captured Israeli Magach5?

HEAT               
            1980 3BK14/18?
HE                   
                  1980 3OF19?
 
Comments: Little information is available about Syrian ammunition holdings. They presumably received standard export ammunition with their initial shipments. Later shipments may have allowed the opportunity for newer ammunition, although this is conjecture.

China:
APFSDS
                 1992? 125-I
                late '90s?    125-II
HEAT    
                 1992? 3BK18 equivalent?
HE                   
                 1992? 3OF19 equivalent?
 
Comments: Precise service dates are not available, but China is believed to have fielded two APFSDS rounds, as well as generic HEAT and HE rounds for its 125 mm tanks. The 125-1 APFSDS round is available for export, and has been adopted by Pakistan. Very little information is available about the 125-II, and its performance figures are largely hypothetical.

India:
APFSDS
                  1979 3BM9/12/15?
  '80s-'90s Possible upgrades.
                  1997 T-2A.
HEAT               
                  1979 3BK14/18?
HE                   
                  1979 3OF19?

Notes:  India is now self-sufficient in ammunition, and producing the locally developed T-2A APFSDS round. Full details are not available for the T-2A, so the performance is a general estimate only. India also bought 125 mm ammunition from Bulgaria, Hungary, Israel, and Russia in the last decade, but it is not known which types of round these represent.

Pakistan:
APFSDS
                  1992 125-I
HEAT               
                  1992 3BK18?

HE    
                  1992       125 mm HE - 3OF19 equivalent.
 
Comments: Pakistan acquired 125 mm armed tanks from China, and now produces the Chinese 125-I APFSDS round under license. It also produces a 125 mm HE round that is equivalent to the 3OF19.  There is no indication of a HEAT round, but one presumably exists, probably of the 3BK18 pattern. There are persistent rumors that Pakistan has a DU 125 mm APFSDS round, but no hard figures have emerged so far.

 

Abkhazia:
Operated a small number of T-72s.  Saw combat during 2008 South Ossetia War.

 

 

Up next I'll need to identify and list major users of the 115mm weapon.

100mm main guns (T-54/55)

Abkhazia
Operated small number of T-55, capturing some from Georgia.

 

Afghanistan
Operates about 600 T-55s but I doubt we'll ever have good info on their ammo, and I doubt they've seen major tank v tank engagements anyway.

 

Egypt
Some 900 T-55/54 in service 2003.  Obviously ammunition in use during the 60s and 70s is going to be particuarly relevant with the introduction of the Centurion and Merkava Mk2.

 

Finland
In storage or scrapped now, undoubtedly.  Must have gotten ammo upgrades over the years however.

 

Georgia
?

 

Iran
?

 

Iraq
?

 

North Korea
?

 

Romania
?

 

Yugoslavia/Serbia/Successor States
?

 

Syria
? - Again with the ongoing conflict and with past conflicts involving Israel, lots of historical interest here.

 

Bulgaria
?

 

East Germany
? - With the introduction of T55AM and T55AM2, and other NATO cold war vehicles, probably lots of interest here.

 

Poland
? - Same story.

 

Soviet Union
Dates taken from in game v 4.004:
APFSDS
(Coming soon, I'm tired of alt-tabbing.)
HEAT

HE/FRAG

Missiles

pretis-2013 Catalog.pdf

prospekt_TAPNA.pdf

Edited by Maj.Hans
Added Bosnian 125mm KE Shell M04 and Slovak 125mm Tapna information and documents.

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On 9/4/2016 at 3:38 PM, Maj.Hans said:

 

India:
APFSDS
                  1979 3BM9/12/15?
  '80s-'90s Possible upgrades.
                  1997 T-2A.
HEAT               
                  1979 3BK14/18?
HE                   
                  1979 3OF19?

Notes:  India is now self-sufficient in ammunition, and producing the locally developed T-2A APFSDS round. Full details are not available for the T-2A, so the performance is a general estimate only. India also bought 125 mm ammunition from Bulgaria, Hungary, Israel, and Russia in the last decade, but it is not known which types of round these represent.

 

 

India

FSAPDS only :

125mm-  Indian AMK-340 Mk1             -1993- present   http://ofbindia.gov.in/products/data/ammunition/lc/26.htm

125mm-  Israeli CL 3254M                  - 1999 and 2003-2010

as of 2003 estimated 125mm rounds in Indian stockpile were 500,000

 

120mm - Indian T-1                            - 1996 onwards http://ofbindia.gov.in/products/data/ammunition/lc/23.htm

 

125mm-  Russian  BM-42                -2010 - present

125mm-   Indian AMK-340 Mk2       - 2015  Mk2 round production was started as IMI was blacklisted for corruption charges and import of CL3254M stopped. 

 

120mm Indian T-2                         -2000 - present

 

Various other rounds :http://www.ofbindia.gov.in/index.php?wh=A-E-P-C&lang=en

 

Edited by ashdivay

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@Maj.Hans

 

When it comes to Poland we use several APFSDS rounds.

 

There are DM33/DM33A1 and DM12 rounds still in storage I believe.

 

We have our own domestic rounds codenamed Pz.531/L-2 which is APFSDS-T and Pz.511/L-4 which is HE-T round.

 

We also have our own training ammo, Pz.541/L-1 APFSDS-T-TP and Pz.521/L-3 HE-TP. There is also Pz.542 which is converted DM33 for training purposes, and also original DM48, also for training purposes.

http://www.mesko.com.pl/materialy/info/produkty_pliki/186-pdf.pdf

 

There are also rumors about some APFSDS ammo only for wartime use, with greater penetration potential than DM33 and Pz.531.

 

Also in development we have Cannister round similiar to US M1028, and another more capable type of APFSDS, and also HE round variant with programmable fuze.

 

That's for our Leopard 2A4's and Leopard 2A5's.

 

For T-72M1's and PT-91's at the moment we have only 3BM15, 3BM22, 3BK18, 3OF19, there are some so called Pronit APFSDS rounds but only in storage as war time reserve, and there is some more modern ammo, one offered by PGZ.

http://a.disquscdn.com/get?url=http%3A%2F%2Fi1276.photobucket.com%2Falbums%2Fy465%2FMILITARYSTA%2F125mmapfsdspolski_zpsbbf62f90.png&key=1kGTjjOtXAebPizJSoM06Q&w=800&h

http://mesko-pionki.pl/amunicja125mm.html

And other in development with penetrator based probably on same solutions as Pz.531/L-2.

Edited by Damian90

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