Iarmor Posted February 23, 2019 Share Posted February 23, 2019 (edited) Egyptian offensive plan - Granite 2: Egypt and Syria launch a coordinated surprise attack on Israel. The surprise grants the Arab armies an overwhelming numerical advantage (much greater than they have anyway) for several dozens of hours, until the Israeli reserves arrive in the battlefield, since the Israeli army is mostly formed of reserve soldiers while the Arab armies are mostly formed of active-service soldiers. Stage 1 - Operation Badr: Under a dense SAM umbrella from the western bank, which the Egyptians pushed forward to cover the Suez Canal during the night that followed the War of Attrition ceasefire (thereby violating it), five Egyptian infantry divisions cross the Suez Canal (180 meters wide, 163 kms long) into the Sinai Peninsula, in between the Israeli Bar-Lev frontline fortified strongholds (blue circles). The Egyptian troops cross by NDL-10 assault boats, use high-pressure hosepipes to breach the Israeli sand barrier (height: 8-25 meters, inclination: 45-60 degrees) protecting the eastern bank and establish pontoon bridges for the AFV crossing. Suppressive fire is provided from 90 sand ramparts (not shown on the map) for tank or ATGM platoons, 20-25 meters tall (taller than the Israeli ones), that were piled up along the western bank of the canal (this one for example). These provide LOS observation as far as the Israeli second-line posts, 10-12 kms east of the canal. The Bar-Lev Line strongholds, fortified by rock gabions, are especially targeted by ISU-152s and 240 mm mortars, whereas flamethrowers are to be used to finish-off the stronghold defenders. In order to repel the expected Israeli armor counterattacks even before the Egyptian AFVs can cross, the Egyptian infantry is heavily equipped with AT weapons: RPG-7s, B-10 and B-11 RRs, AT-3 Saggers (portable 'suitcase'), AT hand grenades, AT landmines. The MBTs (mostly T-54s), SU-100 tank destroyers, Sagger-mounting BMP-1s and BRDM-2s, B-11 or AT-1 Shmel mounting GAZ-69 jeeps, towed D-44 and BS-3 AT guns are expected to follow some 5-9 hours after the infantry. To counter the expected IAF airstrikes, the Egyptian divisions are also heavily reinforced with AAA and SA-7 Strelas. Moreover, each infantry division is reinforced with an armored brigade (with T-55s or T-62s, in addition to the division's own 4 tank battalions), a commando battalion, additional artillery and combat engineers. In order to disrupt the expected arrival of the Israeli reserves, Egyptian commandos are landed by transport helicopters and by boats in several locations (unmarked on the map) behind the Israeli lines. The commandos are heavily equipped with RPG-7s, 60 mm mortars, SLS, AT-3 Saggers, SA-7 Strelas, portable BM-21 tubes, flamethrowers and landmines. Other than planting landmines and setting ambushes on the main roads leading to the Suez Canal, the commandos are also tasked with attacking high-value Israeli military installations, as well the Israeli oil production facilities on the eastern coastline of the Gulf of Suez. In some cases, the commandos are assisted by local Sinai Bedouins with guidance, food, water and shelter. The Egyptian commandos and paratroopers are distinguishable by their camouflaged reversible uniforms, sporting either the yellow with brown spots side for desert terrain or the brown with green spots side for the agricultural areas (note the folded sleeves in both pictures), as opposed to the ordinary light yellow, almost white single-tone uniforms worn by the rest of the Egyptian army. After securing their bridgeheads and encircling the frontline Israeli strongholds while repelling IDF armor counterattacks, the five Egyptian divisions advance east across the whole front and capture the second-line Israeli posts (blue squares) on the higher terrain along the Artillery Road, within a day or two. In addition, an Egyptian mechanized infantry brigade advances south along the eastern coastline of the Gulf of Suez, as far as Ras Sudr. Northern sector: 135th independent infantry brigade crosses the canal near Ras Al-Ash - At-Tina, south of Port Fuad (the northern 10 kms of the eastern bank were already in Egyptian hands before the war). Note that driving off-road in the At-Tina Plain - Sabkhat Al-Mallaha area is impossible due to the saline clay soil of the salt marshes there. 2nd field army: 18th infantry division, reinforced with the elite 15th independent armored brigade (T-62), crosses the canal near Al-Qantara - Al-Ballah Island. 2nd infantry division, reinforced with the 24th armored brigade (from the 23rd mechanized infantry division), crosses the canal near Al-Firdan - Al-Firdan Bridge (defunct since 1967), between Al-Ballah Island and Ismailia. 16th infantry division, reinforced with the 14th armored brigade (from the 21st armored division), crosses the canal near Serapeum - Deversoir, between Ismailia and the Greater Bitter Lake. 3rd field army: 7th infantry division, reinforced with the elite 25th independent armored brigade (T-62), crosses the canal near Ash-Shallufa, south of the Little Bitter Lake. 19th infantry division, reinforced with the 22nd armored brigade (from the 6th mechanized infantry division), crosses the canal near Al-Kubri - Suez. 1st mechanized infantry brigade (from the 6th mechanized infantry division) crosses the canal following the 19th infantry division and heads south on the Gulf of Suez eastern coastline road towards Ras Misalla and Ras Sudr. Unmarked on the map: 103rd commando battalion troops (of the 131st commando regiment) are landed by boats on the shoal SE of the Israeli Budapest stronghold and cut-off the stronghold. 183rd commando battalion troops (of the 131st regiment) are landed by Mi-8 helicopters at Tell Al-Farama - Baluza - Rumana area, as well as near the Israeli radar station on Jabal Umm Marjum. 63rd and 113th commando battalion troops (of the 130th regiment) are landed by Mi-8 helicopters at Al-Jidi Mountain Pass (near the Israeli forward HQ on Jabal Umm Khashiba) and at Mitla Mountain Pass. 130th marine brigade crosses the Bitter Lakes by its amphibious AFVs (BTR-50/OT-62, PT-76, BRDM-2) from Kibrit Peninsula and splits into two: one TF heads to Al-Jidi Mountain Pass and the other to Mitla Mountain Pass, where they team-up with the 63rd and 113th commando battalion troops. 143rd commando battalion troops (of the 130th regiment), departed from Bir Adib, are landed by Mi-8 helicopters in Wadi Sudr, around Bir Umm Jarf - Ras Al-Jundi. Off the map: 153rd commando battalion troops (of the 128th regiment), departed from Marsa Thalamat, are landed by Brtram and Zodiac boats at Ras Lajiya - Ras Mal'ab - Jabal Hammam Far'oun area, as well as near Abu Znayma. 83rd commando battalion troops (of the 128th regiment), departed from Marsa Thalamat and Ras Ruhimi, are landed by Mi-8 helicopters, Bertram and Zodiac boats around Abu Rudays and around Ras Sharatib. Stage 2 - The Operational Halt: The heavily reinforced Egyptian infantry divisions entrench themselves in foxholes along the eastern bank and repel IDF reserve armor counterattacks for 7 days. SAM sites are deployed on the eastern bank, expanding the coverage eastwards in preparation for Stage 3. Stage 3 - The major armor offensive into the heart of the Sinai (optional, if IDF tank and fighter aircraft losses are heavy enough): The Egyptian armored and mechanized infantry divisions cross the Suez Canal, assault (along with the armored brigades that already crossed) and occupy central Sinai within 4-5 days. The Egyptian forces also advance further south along the eastern coastline of the Gulf of Suez, as far as At-Tur - Sharm Ash-Sheikh area. Egyptian paratroopers, as well as additional commandos, are landed by transport helicopters and by boats in several locations (not shown on the map) behind the Israeli lines, with orders to hold the ground until the Egyptian armor arrives. 2nd field army: 15th independent armored brigade, along with 18th infantry division forces, advances to Baluza, Rumana and Misfack. Note that much of the terrain around Al-Qantara resembles the At-Tina Plain - Sabkhat Al-Mallaha area, with limited off-road mobility. 23rd mechanized infantry and 21st armored divisions cross the canal at the 2nd and 16th infantry division sectors respectively and advance to At-Tasa and Bir Al-Jifjafa. The aforementioned infantry divisions advance to At-Tasa. 3rd field army: 4th armored division (the flagship of the Egyptian Armor Corps) crosses the canal at the 7th infantry division sector and, along with the 25th independent armored brigade, advances to Bir Al-Jifjafa. 7th infantry division advances through Al-Jidi Mountain Pass. Its brigades consolidate positions at both pass ends and east of Jabal Sahaba. 19th infantry division advances through Mitla Mountain Pass. Its brigades consolidate positions at both pass ends and around Jabal Al-Hamma. 6th mechanized infantry division (with just its 113th mechanized infantry brigade) crosses the canal at the 19th infantry division sector, heads south towards the SW end of Wadi Sudr, advances NE through the wadi and consolidate positions around Ras Al-Jundi. 1st mechanized infantry brigade (from the 6th mechanized infantry division) advances further south on the Gulf of Suez eastern coastline road, towards At-Tur - Sharm Ash-Sheikh area, teaming-up with 132nd commando regiment troops (see below) along the way. Unmarked on the map: Paratroopers, departed from Enshas airbase, are landed by Mi-8 helicopters at Al-Jidi Mountain Pass (near the Israeli forward HQ on Jabal Umm Khashiba) and at Mitla Mountain Pass. Off the map: 132rd commando regiment troops, departed from Ras Gharib, are landed by Mi-8 helicopters, Bertram and Zodiac boats at At-Tur - Sharm Ash-Sheikh area. Note that some of the roads were different than they are today and that the Suez Canal has been widened after the war on the expense of the eastern bank. See CORONA Atlas for comparison. Apart from the offensive into the Sinai, the Egyptians plan to block the shipping lanes to Israel, both in the Mediterranean Sea and in the Red Sea, out of the reach of the Israeli AF and navy. Off the map, two Egyptian navy destroyers and one River-class frigate are sent to block the Strait of Bab Al-Mandab, in coordination with Sudan, North Yemen and South Yemen, thus cutting-off the oil shipping from Iran to the Israeli Port of Eilat. Another destroyer, of the Skoryy-class, is deployed to the Port of Tobruck, Libya, from where it could attack merchant ships heading to Israel as far as the Strait of Messina. Submarines are deployed at closer ranges, two Romeo-class in the Red Sea and several more along the Israeli Mediterranean coast. The Egyptian navy also plants naval mines in the Strait of Jubal, in order to disrupt the oil shipping from the Israeli drills in the Gulf of Suez. Edited November 13, 2021 by Iarmor 0 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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