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Golan Heights revised.

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No sorry: I deleted it, and it was a M1a2 SEP

 

Will try to make another one tomorrow

 

Edited by Nike-Ajax

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Interactive map presenting the force deployment at the Golan during the early stage of the 1973 war. Click on the symbols for English description.

The map is from a research regarding the Syrian helicopter landings, that were part of the initial Syrian offensive.

 

 

Edited by Iarmor

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Really good one. And despite all warnings then I am working on a scenario with the map now. Hopefully it will be good.

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The forces deployed on October 6th at 14:00:

 

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Israeli army:

 

188th armored brigade is responsible for the front-line.

 

Northern sector:

13th infantry battalion (from the 1st infantry brigade) split into posts 101-110.

74th armored battalion (from the 188th armored brigade) split into platoons.

334th heavy mortar battalion (160 mm mortar on Sherman chassis).

Two Artillery School (9th Instruction Base) batteries (French M-50 howitzer on Sherman chassis).

A single battery from the 405th medium artillery battalion (M109).

 

Southern sector:

50th paratrooper battalion (from the 35th paratrooper brigade) split into posts 111-117.

53rd armored battalion (from the 188th armored brigade) split into platoons.

405th medium artillery battalion (minus battery).

A single Artillery School battery (M-50).

 

At the rear:

7th armored brigade near Tell Shiban.

Two batteries from the 55th heavy artillery battalion (M107).

HQ at Camp Nafakh.

 

Total: 177 tanks (all Shot Cal A), 11 artillery batteries (44 gun tubes).

 

 

Syrian army:

 

Northern sector - 7th infantry division:

68th infantry brigade & Moroccan 12th infantry regiment (reinforced, marked as a brigade) at Mazraat Beit Jann - Hadar - Ufaniya.

85th infantry brigade around Jaba and between Khan Arnaba and the Maas Junction.

121st mechanized infantry brigade around Kafr Nasij and Tell Qarin.

78th armored brigade between Tell Ash-Shams and Maas.

 

Central sector - 9th infantry division:

52nd infantry brigade west of AqrabaAl-Hara road, around Naba As-Sakhr.

33rd infantry brigade between Kudna and Jasim.

43rd armored brigade between Inkhil, Zimrin and Qeita.

51st independent armored brigade south of Inkhil, east of Jasim.

 

Southern sector - 5th infantry division:

112th infantry brigade at Qarqas - Ghadir Al-Boostan - Tell Al-Jabiyah.

61st infantry brigade west of Tell Jumu, around Ein Dhakar and the Tapline road.

132nd mechanized infantry brigade around Tasil - Adwan - Ash-Sheikh Saad and NE of Saham Al-Golan.

46th armored brigade NE of Nawa, west of Dili.

47th independent armored brigade at Ash-Sheikh Maskin - Ibtta.

 

Hermon ridge:

A commando battalion at Arnah. Two companies at higher posts.

 

At the rear:

1st armored division (T-62) near Al-Kiswah.

3rd armored division at the hills south of Qatana. Its 81st armored brigade was put under the command of the 7th infantry division.

The Defense Companies (T-62 armored brigade + commando battalions) south of Damascus, near Al-Yarmouk refugee camp.

 

Total: 1400 tanks (T-54/55/62), 115 artillery batteries.

 

Note that the border lines and some of the roads were different than they are today. 

Edited by Iarmor

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Syrian offensive plan - Operation Mashroo 110:

 

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First tactical echelon:

A commando battalion advances from Hadar, penetrates to Majdal Shams, Neveh Attiv, crosses the Banias stream and consolidates positions north of Kibbutz Dan, around An-Nukhayla

Moroccan infantry brigade penetrates on the road south of Skheita, near Post 104, advances between Tell Al-Khawarit and Tell Al-Manfukha towards Mas'adahEin Qiniya, crosses the Banias and consolidates the Dafna - She'ar Yeshuv area, as well as positions west of Kefar Szold (or perhaps these belong to the 68th infantry brigade?).

68th infantry brigade advances from Turunja - Jubata Al-Khashab to Tell Sidr Al-ArusTell Warda - Buq'ata.

85th infantry brigade advances from Khan Arnaba and penetrates through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap (which is between Mount Hermonit and Mount Bental), near post 107.

52nd infantry brigade advances NW from Ruwykhina and penetrates through the Southern Al-Quneitra Gap (which is between Mount Avital and Tell Al-Ghassaniya).

33rd infantry brigade penetrates through the Kudna Gap (which is between the Bashanit ridge and Tell Kudna), near Post 111 (mistakenly marked 110 in this map) and advances to Tell Fazara.

112th infantry brigade advances NW from Ghadir Al-Boostan and penetrates through the Southern Gap (which is between Tell Al-Faras and Tell As-Saqi) on the Tapline road, near Tell Al-Jukhadar, south of Post 115.

61st infantry brigade advances NW on the ancient Roman road and penetrates through the Southern Gap, near Post 116.

Paratroopers landing from helicopters at Mount Hermon and at The Cork, Benot Yaacov and Arik bridges.

 

Second tactical echelon:

78th armored brigade advances from Tell Ash-Shams to Hallas, follows the 68th infantry brigade to Turunja, Jubata Al-Khashab, Tell Sidr Al-Arus and consolidates positions around Tell Al-Fakhr. In practice, they actually went through Khan Arnaba and the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap, after the 85th infantry brigade and before the 121st mechanized infantry brigade.

121st mechanized infantry brigade advances on the road to Khan Arnaba, penetrates through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap to Mount Hermonit, Sukeik and consolidates positions between Al-Qala and Kibbutz Shamir, north of Rawiyah.

43rd armored brigade advances from Qeita to Al-Hara, heads SW and penetrates through the Kudna Gap after the 51st independent armored brigade, north to Ein Aysha, west to Mount YosifoonMount Shipon, Nafakh, Alyqa and consolidates positions east of The Cork Bridge, north of Dabbura.

51st independent armored brigade advances from As-Sariya to Jasim, through the Kudna Gap, Tell Fazara, Al-Khushniya, Ar-Ramthaniya, As-Sindiana, Nafakh and consolidates positions around and south of The Custom House Junction, west of Sanabir. One battalion crosses the Jordan river over the Benot Yaakov Bridge towards Ayelet Hashachar - Mishmar Hayarden.

46th armored brigade advances from Nawa, penetrates near Tell Al-Faras, heads NW to Al-Mashta, The Waterfall JunctionQasabiya, Yahudiya and consolidates positions in and above Al-Batiha Valley. One battalion crosses the Jordan river over the Arik Bridge and advances to Vered Hagalil.

132nd mechanized infantry brigade advances from Adwan to Tasil, Ein Dhakar, Saida, penetrates through the Southern Gap on the Roman road near Post 116, heads SW for Tell As-Saqi, Ramat Magshimim, El Al Gap (which is between El Al stream and Nov stream), Fiq and reaches Kafr Harib on the cliff.

 

Second operational echelon:

3rd armored division advances from Khan Ash-Sheikh to Sa'sa', Tell As-Shams, Khan Arnaba, through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap and consolidates positions between Ein Qiniya and the Wasit Junction. In practice, only the 81st armored brigade actually participated the offensive, alongside with Rif'at Al-Assad's Defense Companies.

1st armored division advances to As-Sanamin, Inkhil, Jasim, through the Kudna Gap, Tell Fazara, Al-Khushniya and consolidates positions between Nafakh and Givat Bazaq.

47th independent armored brigade advances from Daeel to Tasil, penetrates through the Southern Gap after the 132nd mechanized infantry brigade, heads SW for Tell As-Saqi, Ramat Magshimim, El Al Gap and reaches the cliff above Al-Kursi.

Edited by Iarmor

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The Syrian night breakthrough, October 6th-7th:

 

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IDF 36th armored division takes command of the Golan Heights. The northern sector is handed over to the 7th armored brigade (along with the 74th battalion from the 188th armored brigade), while the 188th armored brigade keeps just the southern sector (and gets the 82nd battalion from the 7th armored brigade).

 

Syrian northern sector (7th infantry division):

Syrian 68th infantry brigade and a Moroccan battalion assault near Posts 104-105, repulsed by IDF forces under the command of the 1st infantry brigade. 

Syrian 85th infantry brigade, 78th armored brigade and 121st mechanized infantry brigade assault through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap (Post 107 area) and repulsed by IDF 7th armored brigade from its positions between the Hermonit and Tell Jit - Zahrat Ibrahim. This battlefield would later be described by the biblical phrase "The Valley of Tears".

 

Syrian central sector (9th infantry division):

Syrian 52nd infantry brigade penetrates around Al-Qakhtaniyah - Surman (Post 109) and reaches Al-Quneitra, but takes heavy losses and gets blocked. 

Syrian 33rd infantry brigade manages to take Tell Shuaf As-Sindiyan and controls the Kudna Gap.

Syrian 51st independent armored brigade penetrates through the Kudna Gap, takes Al-Khushniya and advances towards Nafakh through Ar-Ramthaniya - As-Sindiyana (as shown in the map) and through Al-Mashta Junction and the Tapline road (this movement is not shown in the map). Nafakh is defended by scattered remnants of the IDF 82nd armored battalion, as well as the 188th armored brigade CO and XO on their own tanks and an unassigned officer named Zvika.

Syrian 43rd armored brigade penetrates through the Kudna Gap (after the 51st) and heads north to Ein Aysha (west of Post 110), where it falls into a night ambush by a tank company from the IDF 7th armored brigade.

 

Syrian southern sector (5th infantry division):

Syrian 112th infantry brigade penetrates through the Southern Gap on the Tapline road and holds the area around Tell Al-Jukhadar.

Syrian 61st infantry brigade penetrates on the Roman road and holds the area around Tell As-Saki.

Syrian 46th armored brigade is shown as it penetrates through the Ar-Rafid Gap (which is between Tell Kudna and Tell Al-Faras) and reaches Al-Khushniya. This is a mistake - they penetrated on the Tapline road and headed towards The Waterfall Junction (destroying two IDF artillery batteries on the way), while Al-Khushniya was taken by the 51st.

Syrian 132nd mechanized infantry brigade penetrates after the 61st infantry brigade, advances and reaches KhisfinRamat Magshimim.

The remnants of the IDF 53rd armored battalion are trapped on Tell Al-Faras with little ammo.

 

Hermon:

The Hermon mountain is taken by the Syrian 82nd paratroopers battalion, in a combined heliborne and ground assault.

 

Rear:

Syrian Defense Companies and 3rd armored division hold their positions as the strategic reserve. AFAIK the 81st armored brigade replaced the 78th armored brigade at Tell Ash-Shams, under the command of the 7th infantry division.

Syrian 47th independent armored brigade haven't start its movement yet.

Syrian 1st armored division advances from its camp in Al-Kiswah to Ghabaghib, As-Sanamin, Al-Qaniyah, Inkhil, Jasim.

First IDF reserve force, a downsized (7 tanks) battalion from the 179th armored brigade, arrives and joins Zvika Force for the night battle on the Tapline road, south of Nafakh. Gets destroyed by a Syrian ambush.

 

This map also depicts IDF code names for the roads. Some noteworthy ones:

Qatana - Mazra'at Beit JannMas'ada road is code named Tzin.

Mas'ada - Buq'ata - Kibbutz El Rom - Al-Quneitra road is code named Yaqir.

Mas'ada - Sukeik - Wassit - Nafakh - As-Sindiyana - Ar-Ramthaniya - Al-Khushniya road is code named Peleh.

Sukeik - Kibbutz El RomBooster Ridge road is code named Casuarina.

Damascus - Khan Ash-Sheikh - Sa'sa' - Khan Arnaba - Al-Quneitra - Ein Zivan road is code named America.

Ahmadiyah - Wassit - Rawiyah road, which leads through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap, is code named Carton.

Tell Jabiya - Al-Aliya - NimrAl-HaraNaba As-SakhrRuwykhina road, which extends through the Southern Al-Quneitra Gap, is code named Peleg.

Al-Quneitra - Nafakh - Benot Ya'akov Bridge road is code named Yabasha.

Ein Aysha - Ad-Dalhamiya - Nafakh road is code named Catacomba.

Al-Qaniyah - Inkhil - Jasim - Kudna road, which extends through the Kudna Gap to Tell Fazara, is code named Troya.

Tell Fazara - Al-Khushniya - Al-Mashta - Qasabiya - Yahudiya - Arik Bridge road is code named Kvish.

Ash-Shiekh Maskin - Nawa - Ar-Rafid road, which extends through the Ar-Rafid Gap and then leads north to Al-Quneitra, is code named Reshet.

The Tapline road, which passes near AdwanTasilUmm Al-Luqas, through the Southern Gap, Khan Al-JukhadarAl-Mashta, Nafakh, Rawiyah, Tell Al-Fakhr and to Lebanon, is code named Machazeh.

Ar-Rafid - Khan Al-Jukhadar - Tell As-Saqi - Ramat Magshimim - El Al road is code named Tipa.

The roads on which the Syrians penetrated in the Umm Al-LuqasAl-Khanout area were ancient Roman roads, their remains can barely be traced in current satellite images (CORONA Atlas may help a bit):

Nawa - Al-Jarniya - Rasm Ballut road, which goes through Post 116, is code named Palga.

Ein Dhakar - Saida - Al-Jarniya road is code named Angola.

Adwan - Tasil - Ein Dhakar - Tell As-Saqi - Al-Bajuriya road is code named Pinqas.

 

Edited by Iarmor

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October 7th, noon:

 

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IDF Northern Command reserves have arrived. The southern sector is handed over to the 210th armored division, while the 36th keeps just the northern sector.

 

By 10:00, the IAF executes 19 close air support sorties in the Al-Quneitra area, 20 in the Al-Khushniya area and 16 in the Southern Gap area. The Syrian 47th armored brigade takes heavy losses.

 

IDF 7th armored brigade keeps blocking Syrian assaults through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap and north of it. The armor wrecks at the Valley of Tears are piling up.

 

Posts 111, 114 and 115 were evacuated by the IDF and are in Syrian hands.

 

The elite Syrian 1st armored division (equipped with T-62s & BMP-1s, spearheaded by the 91st armored brigade) advances through the Kudna Gap and attacks NW towards Nafakh, along with the 43rd and 51st armored brigades (both equipped with T-55s), in order to reach Wassit and cut the IDF 7th armored brigade from its rear. Attacking through Tell Al Abbas - Al-Qadiriya and through Ad-Dalhamiya, some Syrian tanks enter Camp Nafakh, while others arrive as far as Ad-Dalwa.

IDF 188th armored brigade remnants desperately try to defend Nafakh (CO, XO and G3 are killed), while the 36th armored division HQ retreats to Alyqa. The reserve 679th armored brigade (Shot Meteor tanks), which was at first sent to Al-Quneitra after arriving Nafakh, is now called back to Nafakh when it became clear that the Syrian 1st armored division broke through the Kudna Gap and is attacking Nafakh, while the Syrian 3rd armored division haven't tried to break through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap yet.

By sunset the Syrians are repelled from Nafakh, but the 188th armored brigade is written off the IDF ORBAT table. Its remnants join other formations. The other two brigades forming the Syrian 1st armored division, the 58th mechanized infantry (at Ein Warda) and the 76th armored (at As-Saluqiya), follow the 91st armored brigade and join the battle.

 

Syrian 46th armored brigade (T-55) is blocked at Qasabiya the IDF reserve 179th armored brigade (downsized, Shot Cal tanks), which takes back The Waterfall Junction.

 

Half of the Syrian 47th armored brigade (T-55), commanded by the CO and accompanied by the tank battalion (T-54) of the 61st infantry brigade, takes a wrong turn and arrives to Hirbat Kanaf, 6-7 kms from Lake Kinneret. There the Syrian force is destroyed in the afternoon by IDF reserve 4th mechanized infantry brigade (reinforced by a Shot Cal battalion) climbing the Gamla ascent from Arik Bridge. Shortly earlier, the Syrian 47th brigade CO reported his superior about observing Tiberias across the Kinneret, but the later disbelieved at first and then angrily ordered the 47th to get back on course.

 

Syrian 132nd mechanized infantry brigade (T-55), along with the other half of the 47th armored brigade (commanded by the XO), is blocked by IDF 278th battalion from the reserve 179th armored brigade at El Al Gap (which is between El Al stream and Nov stream). As of 10:00, the Shermans of the IDF reserve 9th mechanized (mistakenly marked as armored) brigade join in this battle, just before the 278th battalion's Shot Cals run out of ammo, and start pushing NE.

 

IDF 53rd armored battalion is trapped on Tell Al-Faras with little ammo. It retreats in the evening and 12 tanks out of 15 manage to escape safely, passing by the Syrian tank horde and surviving a fratricidal fire incident with the 4th mechanized infantry brigade. They became known as The Ghost Convoy.

 

In the evening, the Central Command's 146th armored division arrives to the Golan from Jerusalem area. The tank fleet remained to defend the Jordan Valley from a possible Jordanian attack includes now just two Sherman battalions.  

Edited by Iarmor

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October 8th:

 

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IDF 146th armored division gets the southern sector, along with the 4th and 9th mechanized infantry brigades. The division CO is ordered to defend, but asks to counterattack and gets the permission. The counterattack succeeds and the IDF pushes the Syrian 5th infantry division NE to the Tapline road.

After IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade captures the Syrian 47th armored brigade XO near Haital reservoir, it is bypassed by IDF 205th armored brigade (Shot Meteor tanks, most came all the way from Jerusalem on tracks) at Ramat Magshimim. The 205th takes the lead and attacks northwards, while the 9th brigade advances to its left. IDF 4th mechanized infantry brigade attacks eastwards from Gamla ascent - Hirbat Kanaf.

Later on, all 3 brigades advance NE: 205th at the right, 9th at the center, 4th at the left. The 205th takes Tell As-Saqi (rescuing 26 IDF soldiers who were hiding in the bunker there) and Tell Al-Jukhadar. The 4th takes Givat Bazaq and advances NE towards the Tapline road (brigade XO is injured and several brigade HQ officers are killed when the XO's halftrack finds itself behind Syrian lines). The 9th heads north and destroys a Syrian AT gun bastion near Nahal Gshur.

IDF 670th mechanized infantry brigade, which left its single Sherman battalion behind at the Jordan Valley, secures the ground taken and protects the 146th division's eastern wing. It collects and fixes damaged Centurions, Shermans and captured T-55s to create its own tank force.

 

IDF 210th armored division (now just the 179th armored brigade, at the central sector) pushes the Syrian 46th armored brigade east towards Al-Mashta. The 179th brigade XO is killed and the CO is injured (but will later escape hospital and return to his brigade), so it's commanded for a while by the 210th division XO.

 

After successfully defending Nafakh, IDF 679th armored brigade (still under the 36th armored division) pushes the Syrian 1st armored and 9th infantry divisions southwards and takes Ar-RazaniyaAs-Sindiyana and Ad-Dalhamiya.

 

At the end of the day, the heavily beaten Syrian force (1st armored division + armor from the 5th & 9th infantry divisions) is confined in Tell Hazayqa - Tell Abu QutayfAr-Ramthniya TellsAl-Khushniya - FahamTell Al-Faras area, known as Al-Khushniya Pocket (although it's a bulge, not a pocket). Syrian 1st armored division HQ takes place at Tell Fazara and its 58th mechanized infantry brigade entrenches itself in to defend the compound.

Syrian 47th armored and 132nd mechanized infantry brigades are totally destroyed.

Syrian infantry brigades (minus their destroyed tank battalions) retreat back to their fortified defensive positions east of the borderline.

 

In the northern sector, IDF 7th armored brigade keeps blocking Syrian armored assaults at the Valley of Tears. Syrian 7th infantry division CO is killed (allegedly murdered after an argument with president Al-Assad). 

 

IDF 1st infantry brigade assault on the Hermon fails with heavy losses.

 

Syrian 3rd armored brigade forces: the 81st armored brigade replaced the 78th armored brigade at Tell Ash-Shams, under the command of the 7th infantry division. The 65th armored brigade is deployed west of Qatana - Khan Ash-Sheikh area, while the 21st mechanized infantry brigade is at Al-Muqayliba.

Edited by Iarmor

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October 9th:

 

1527da_2d37a07d106243bc9d4eb9bb64dc3f60~

 

IDF 36th armored division: 

IDF 7th armored brigade, with a last-minute reinforcement (ad-hoc established battalion, whose CO was made world-famous in the 1967 war and this war caught him abroad in the middle of his honeymoon), repels the last Syrian effort to brake through the Northern Al-Quneitra Gap, this time by the 81st armored brigade and the elite Defense Companies (a brigade-sized force, equipped with T-62s, that preceded the Republican Guard and commanded by president Al-Assad's younger brother). The map mistakenly still shows the Defense Companies near Damascus. The Valley of Tears battle is over.

The 7th armored brigade's reconnaissance company is destroyed by Syrian commandos near Buq'ata, behind the front line. The IDF learns the M113 vs. RPG-7 lesson for the first, but not the last time.

 

IDF 210th and 146th armored divisions attack the Syrian 1st armored division, confined in Al-Khushniya Pocket along with forces from the 5th and 9th infantry divisions, in order to destroy it. It is the largest tank battle in the 1973 war, with 150 Israeli MBTs and 200 Syrian MBTs involved.

 

IDF 210th armored division:

IDF 679th armored brigade, transferred from the 36th armored division to the 210th, blocks a final Syrian assault (1st armored division elements) and then advances southwards, taking Ein Warda and Ar-Ramthaniya. IDF 179th armored brigade takes As-Saluqiya and pushes the Syrians east of the Tapline road.

 

IDF 146th armored division:

IDF 205th armored brigade takes Tell Al-Faras and blocks the Ar-Rafid - Nawa road (code named Reshet), in order to prevent a Syrian retreat through the Ar-Rafid Gap. Syrian 76th armored brigade (1st armored division) tries to break through SE and retreat but fails. A Syrian attempt to breach from the east also fails. A formation of 8 F-4s, each with 10 M117 bombs, is found to be very helpful for the IDF, after the formation leader canceled their original Damascus HQ strike mission due to bad weather.

Tell Al-Faras itself was fiercely defended by a single Syrian PT-76, which managed to immobilize a Centurion and destroy two M113s. It was eventually taken by IDF infantry assault with hand grenades.

IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade heads NE through Nahal Gshur and its Shermans (377th battalion) destroy the main Syrian 58th mechanized infantry brigade ATGM bastion between Tell At-Tali'a and Al-Khushniya, after the first assault by Shot Cals failed (this Sherman battalion will find itself at the eye of the storm again in this war, more than once). The brigade then takes Al-Khushniya itself, with the Shot Cals engaging Syrian tanks between the deserted buildings.

IDF 4th mechanized infantry brigade (reinforced by a Shot Cal battalion and a Shot Meteor battalion, in addition to its original Sherman battalion) takes Faham, advances NE, reaches Reshet road and destroys Syrian armor trying to retreat.

 

By the end of the day, the Syrian 1st armored division (76th and 91st armored, 58th mechanized infantry brigades) is left with 20 battle-worthy MBTs, while the 43rd, 46th & 51st armored brigades are left with 12 battle-worthy MBTs altogether. 

    

Edited by Iarmor

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October 10th:

 

1527da_b9e4f22d60734b3c8794edbdd2be8f77~

 

The IDF finishes off Al-Khushniya Pocket. IDF 179th and 679th armored brigades push Syrian remnants southwards and clear the central sector all the way to the borderline, while the 9th mechanized infantry brigade takes Tell Fazara (in spite the Sherman's main gun rounds bounce off the T-62's armor) and the 4th mechanized infantry brigade takes Tell Shuaf As-Sindiyan and Tell Akasha. In the Syrian 1st armored division, some troops mutinied and refused to fight, so the division CO ordered to fire artillery at them.

In the northern sector, Al-Quneitra town is cleared by IDF 317th paratroopers brigade.

 

Later that day, IDF divisions are ordered to exploit the success and assault into Syria ASAP. The goal is to determine whether the Syrian army orderly retreated to its fortifications (would require a well-organized, higher-cost breakthrough), or are they collapsing and fleeing in panic (should be exploited ASAP, before the Syrians regroup). The 36th and 210th divisions ask time to recover, as they are exhausted and worn-out, while the 146th (thanks to the stirring leadership of its CO) carries out the order and fails:

IDF 4th and 9th mechanized infantry brigades attack Kudna and repelled by the Syrian 33rd infantry brigade. 

IDF 205th armored brigade takes Tell Al-Mahir and Tell Al-Asbah, but receives heavy fire and retreats.

Syrian 61st infantry brigade repels IDF attacks at Umm Al-Luqas (a battalion from the 205th armored brigade) and at Saida - Al-Khanout area (a mechanized infantry battalion from the 670th brigade, with 6 tanks it collected).

 

After the IDF finished off Al-Khushniya Pocket, the Syrian army lost all its gains except the Hermon. Almost 900 Syrian MBTs, 2/3 of the Syrian tank fleet, were deserted in Israeli-held territory. Only a single MBT from the 1st armored division returned battle-worthy through the Kudna Gap to Syria. The Syrian 47th, 51st, 76th, 91st armored, 58th and 132nd mechanized infantry brigades will not see further battles in the war due to the heavy losses they took.

However, the Syrian infantry (with its artillery and ATGM forces) orderly retreated back to its fortifications with little losses. At least in the southern sector, the Syrian 5th and 9th infantry divisions managed to put up heavy resistance to the Israeli cross-border offensive attempts.

Edited by Iarmor

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The breakthrough into Syria, October 11th-12th:

 

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Northern sector - IDF 36th armored division:

IDF 7th armored brigade, reinforced to 5 battalions, breaks through the hilly, wooded, mined area north of America road in two places, near Posts 104 & 105. Syrian 68th infantry brigade, still devastated from previous battles, is caught ill-prepared (its retreat wasn't well organized as the Syrian 5th and 9th infantry divisions retreat) and its resistance on October 11th is light, so as IDF losses. Two battalions take Hadar Junction and reach Mazra'at Beit Jann outskirts, while the brigade HQ with 3 battalions takes Tell Az-Zuhur, Jubata Al-Khashab, Turunja, Tell Al-Ahmar, Amrat Al-Fawwar, Harfa and Halas.

On October 12th, the 7th brigade takes Ma'as Junction and then fails to take Tell Ash-Shams twice: the first attempt is stopped at the mined Ash-Shawkatliya Bridge under heavy fire from the Tell and the second is repelled by the Tell defenders (Syrian 78th armored brigade remnants), after a flanking move from Halas through a shepherd trail in the supposedly-impassable lava field of The Small Laja (where the terrain is similar to The Great Laja), which brought the Israeli force, 8 Shot Cals, to assault the Tell from the NW (north of Durin). By one of the 4 Shot Cals destroyed on Tell Ash-Shams, an IDF tank driver takes care of his heavily wounded battalion CO and radios for help.

Mazra'at Beit Jann is taken after heavy fighting, as the Syrian force there was reinforced at night by tanks and heliborne commandos. The Moroccan brigade remnants are destroyed while trying to escape through a wadi east of Beit Jann.

IDF 1st infantry brigade takes Hadar and clears the area taken by the 7th armored brigade.

 

Central sector - IDF 210th armored division:

After the successful breakthrough by the 36th armored division, the IDF mistakenly assumes that the heavy Syrian 7th infantry division fortifications on America road (the main Al-Quneitra - Damascus road) will be easily broken by a frontal assault as well. So instead of following the 7th armored brigade, IDF 179th armored brigade tries to breakthrough the Syrian 121st mechanized infantry brigade defenses near Khan Arnaba, without even waiting for the 7th brigade to take Tell Al-Ahmar and assist from the north. The 179th takes heavy losses, but 6 tanks manage to reach Khan Arnaba Junction and engage the Syrian fortifications from the rear.

IDF 679th armored brigade then follows the 179th (again, instead of following the 7th, where Syrian resistance is light), suffers heavy losses as well, but manages to take Khan Arnaba and advances to Tell Ash-Sha'ar. All in all, about 40 Centurions from both brigades are damaged at Khan Arnaba.

IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade (transferred from the 146th division) follows the 679th, takes Jaba and Tell Al-Kurum with no resistance and parks between Ma'as Junction and Ma'as.

On October 12th, the 679th brigade, reinforced by an ad-hoc established battalion, takes Kafr Nasij from Syrian 9th infantry division forces.

The 179th brigade attacks Tell Maskhara, but repelled by Syrian 9th infantry division forces. The 179th then proceeds to At-Tikha, Al-Mal and the nearby Tell, advance eastwards south of Kafr Nasij, destroys a Syrian force at Tell Alaqiya and stopped by the Syrians at Tell MareeTell Maree is eventually taken by the 9th brigade (Shermans doing the dirty work again, after Centurions fail), which then takes the lead towards Kanakir. The 210th division HQ takes place at Tell Ash-Sha'ar.

Syrian 7th infantry division pretty much disintegrates (with the exception of Tell Ash-Shams defenders, for now) and the 9th infantry division is not far from collapsing either. The Syrian MBT fleet is down to less than 300. A few days later, back in Damascus, the Syrian 68th infantry brigade CO will be sentenced to death and executed for his brigade's performance on October 11th. 

 

Southern sector - IDF 146th armored division:

After its failed October 10th assault, the 146th division is ordered not to attack by MoD Dayan, since the goal is to reach Sa'sa' - Kanakir and get Damascus into artillery range, so Dayan sees no point of attacking in the southern sector. The 146th division is ordered to transfer the 9th mechanized infantry brigade to the 210th division (the 205th armored brigade will soon follow) and the remaining forces hold the line in front of the Syrian 5th and 9th infantry divisions. 

 

The black square on the lower right zooms-in on the Syrian defenses on America road near Khan Arnaba, facing the Israeli 179th armored brigade assault. The Syrian equipment included RPG-7s, B-10 82mm RRs, 106 mm RRs, T-34/85s in stationary positions, D-44 85 mm AT guns and AT-3 Sagger ATGMs spread on both sides of the road. The circled number near every AT weapon is the number of rounds fired by the weapon during the battle.

 

IDF fires 8,000 (4,800 before and 3,200 during the breakthrough) artillery shells on October 11th, mostly in support of the 7th armored brigade. On both days altogether, IAF executes 680 sorties (351 close support, 7 interdiction, 90 airbase strike, 53 SAM strike, 179 interception) and loses 11 aircraft. Syrian AF executes 876 sorties (731 defensive, 145 offensive) and loses 18 aircraft.

 

 

Edited by Iarmor

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The Iraqi surprise, October 12th:

 

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Around 15:00, while IDF 210th armored division forces are advancing towards Kanakir, a young intelligence captain from the division HQ, standing on Tell Ash-Sha'ar, turns his view to the southern flank, lift his binoculars and sees two large columns of dust clouds approaching from As-Sanamin through Kafr Shams and Aqraba, 10 kms from IDF forces. It appears to be a fresh T-55 equipped armored brigade, in non-Syrian colors, accompanied with OT-62s - which do not exist in Syrian inventory (as opposed to BTR-50s). After speculating they might be Soviets/Warpac, it becomes clear that the Iraqi expeditionary force, mistakenly assumed to be still far away (Iraqi 3rd armored division drove over 1,300 kms all the way from At-Taji, starting on October 8th), has arrived to the Golan Heights.

 

Iraqi 3rd armored division (BTW, it was deployed to Irbid, Jordan between June 1967 and September 1970 and occasionally fired artillery at Israeli villages in the Beit She'an Valley) HQ takes position at Ghabaghib. Its vanguard, the 12th armored brigade, was initially sent south (to Al-Faqi') in order to reinforce the Syrian 5th infantry division. However, due to the collapse of the Syrian 7th infantry division (except for Tell Ash-Shams, as mentioned), the Iraqi brigade is attached to the Syrian 9th infantry division and ordered to attack NW, towards the Israeli bulge southern flank. The Iraqi brigade advances from As-Sanamin, splits in two at Qeita and attacks Kafr Nasij and Tell Maskhara. Each column is composed of a tank battalion and a mechanized infantry battalion. One of these mechanized infantry battalions is attached from the Iraqi 8th mechanized infantry brigade, while the rest of the 8th brigade is still on the move from Al-Kiswa to Ghabaghib.

IDF 679th armored brigade, alerted during refueling (Shot Meteor had fuel for only 9 hours), repels the eastern Iraqi column at Kafr Nasij by sunset. IDF 9th mechanized infantry and 179th armored brigades, while heading north towards Kanakir, are called back to Kafr Nasij, waiving the Tell Maree gain.

IDF 205th armored brigade, transferred from the 146th armored division to reinforce the 210th by MoD Dayan orders, is sent to secure the southern flank by taking Tell Maskhara and Tell Al-Mal. The 205th brigade's tanks tackle the western Iraqi column at close range, mix among Iraqi tanks and disorderly retreat to Jaba at sunset, considering the Iraqi night vision advantage. The Iraqis take Tell Maskhara, Tell Al-Mal, At-Tikha and Tell Al-Bazzaq.

Over-estimating the size of the Iraqi force, IDF 210th armored division HQ orders the 9th, 179th and 679th brigades to retreat as well, to Tell Ash-Sha'ar - Ma'as area, while the HQ itself retreats to Jaba. Kafr Nasij is waived. Tanks tow fuel-starved halftracks, most vehicles run out of fuel near Tell Ash-Sha'ar.

 

IDF plans to reach Kanakir and Sa'sa' are postponed. The 210th armored division is reinforced with a battalion from the 36th division, and prepares to ambush the foreseen Iraqi night assault north towards Tell Ash-Sha'ar. IDF 36th armored division HQ takes place at Turunja. In the meanwhile, further 36th division assault on Tell Ash-Shams is postponed as mentioned, but the wounded battalion CO and his tank driver, lying by their destroyed tank on the Tell, are extracted by IDF SF sneaking there at night under heavy artillery barrage.

Edited by Iarmor

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IDF advancement continues, October 13th:

 

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Central sector - IDF 210th armored division:

Before dawn, the Iraqi assault from At-Tikha  towards Tell Ash-Sha'ar and Tell Ayyuba falls into IDF 210th armored division 3-sided box ambush: IDF 9 mechanized infantry brigade Shermans wait in the dark south of Tell Ash-Sha'ar, let the Iraqi T-55s come close and first open fire at 150 meters range. Soon later, the Iraqis also take fire from their western (IDF 205th armored brigade from Jaba) and eastern (IDF 179th and 679th armored brigades from Ma'as and Ma'as Junction) flanks, while the IAF executes 28 air support sorties in the area between Aqraba, Tell Maskhara and Tell Al-Mal. The 210th division HQ splits in two: XO stays in Jaba, CO returns to the Booster.

IDF 679th armored brigade takes Maskhara.

IDF 205th armored brigade, reinforced with a battalion from the 7th armored brigade, takes Tell Maskhara.

IDF 179th armored brigade takes At-Tikha, Al-Mal and Tell Al-Mal.

IDF 9th mechanized brigade takes back Kafr Nasij, Tell Qarin. According to the map, Tell Maree is also taken, but I think it's a mistake.

Iraqi 12th armored brigade retreats with heavy losses, first to Tell Al-Mal and then to Aqraba. The Iraqis now prepare to defend Aqraba, Tell Antar, Tell Alaqiya, Kafr Shams and Dir Al-Adas.

 

Northern sector - IDF 36th armored division:

IDF 7th armored brigade hands over Mazra'at Beit Jann to the 1st infantry brigade (which loses its XO to a mine), along with a tank company. At night, a pair of IDF M107s, lead and secured by SF, advance NE beyond the front-line in the Mazra'at Beit Jann - Hina area and fire 10 shells each at the Damascus Al-Mazza airbase (max range - 35 kms). The control tower and main runway take direct hits.

On the same night, Tell Ash-Shams is finally taken by a battalion from the IDF 317th paratroopers brigade. Surprisingly, only 4 IDF soldiers are wounded. The battalion attacked the Tell from the south after a heavy artillery barrage (which probably deserves most credit), while a small armored force advanced through The Small Laja shepherd trail in order to distract the Syrians from the NW and block arrival of Syrian reinforcements from Sa'sa' on America road.

 

IAF executes 220 sorties (72 close air support, 39 airbase and SAM strike, 109 patrol and interception) and loses 4 aircraft. Syrian AF executes 385 sorties (67 offensive, 318 defensive) and loses 12 aircraft. 

 

October 14th (not shown in the map):

IDF 7th armored brigade takes Tell Al-Arus, Tell As-SarjaTell Fatma and Himrit without resistance.

IDF 1st infantry brigade repels a Syrian battalion-sized assault on Mazra'at Beit Jann.

 

Iraqi forces keep accumulating in the theater, eventually reaching 2 armored divisions and 3 independent infantry brigades, or as they promised to the Syrian MoD - "an army which begins in Damascus and ends in Baghdad". Jordanian (eventually a full armored division) and Saudi (a mechanized infantry brigade) expeditionary forces join in as well, and the Soviets expedite their arms deliveries. In spite of the heavy Syrian and Iraqi losses, the balance of power unfavours further IDF offensives and the momentum shifts back towards the Arab armies.

OTOH, even though it didn't reach Sa'sa' and Kanakir, the IDF is pretty pleased with its gains. 175 mm artillery can be fired on Syrian bases at the outskirts of Damascus from Mazra'at Beit Jann and Tell Ash-Shams, and most important Tells are in Israeli hands, forming a formidable line of defense.

On the top of that, the IDF feels it's time to cross the Suez Canal in order to decide the war in the Egyptian theater as well (especially after Egyptian second echelon armor had crossed the Suez Canal, attacked and retreated with heavy losses).

Therefore the IDF decides to diminish major offensives in the Golan and to start transferring forces (eventually a full armored division) from the Golan to Sinai.

The Israeli bulge in Syria is named "The Syrian Enclave" by the Israelis and "The Sa'sa' Pocket" by the Syrians (although it's not an enclave nor a pocket).

Edited by Iarmor

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A local offensive by IDF 210th armored division at noon, October 15th:

 

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IDF 205th armored brigade advances east and engages Tell Antar and Tell Alaqiya. Both Tells are taken by IDF 9 mechanized infantry brigade (Shermans assault, Centurions cover), which advances SE from Kafr Nasij.

IDF 679th armored brigade bypasses Kafr Nasij and Tell Qarin from the north, heads south in order to flank Tell Alaqiya and Tell Antar from the east, but takes heavy ATGM fire from Kafr Shams and Dir Al-Adas. IDF 179th armored brigade advances SE from Kafr Nasij - Tell Hamad and engages the Iraqi forces from the west. Both the 679th and 179th retreat in the afternoon.

Iraqi 12th armored brigade retreats to Kafr Shams.

At night, IDF 205th armored brigade replaces IDF 9 mechanized infantry brigade on Tell Antar and Tell Alaqiya and repels an Iraqi night counterattack.

While obtaining much better positions for the defense of Nasij Junction, the IDF 210th armored division lost 7 tanks and destroyed about 20 Iraqi tanks.

Due to the heavy losses it took so far, the Iraqi 12th armored brigade will not see further battles in this war. The Iraqi 6th armored brigade, which had just arrived to the Golan, will spearhead the Iraqi 3rd armored division from now on.

The Jordanian elite 40th armored brigade, equipped with Centurions, takes position at Tell Al-Hara (not shown in the map).

 

Northern sector - IDF 36th armored division (not shown on the map):

IDF 1st infantry brigade takes Beit Jann and several hills north of Mazra'at Beit Jann.

IDF Tell Ash-Shams defenders, two battalions from the 7th armored and 317th paratroopers brigades, repel a fierce Syrian brigade-sized assault coming from the NE (armor and infantry/SF) and NW (infantry/SF). The tanks do most of the work, as the paratroopers can't go out of the bunker due to the heavy Syrian artillery.

Tell Maree is taken by a battalion from the IDF 7th armored brigade with no resistance.

 

This map also depicts IDF code names for the roads. Some noteworthy ones:

Jaba - Maskhara - At-Tikha - Al-Mal - Kafr Nasij - Dir Al-Adas road, which leads to Ghabaghib, is code named Tsirikh.

Ma'as Junction - Ma'as - Himrit - Sabsaba - Kafr Nasij - Kafr Shams road, which leads to Qeita, is code named Yair.

Jaba - Ayyuba - Ma'as Junction road is code named Ravid.

Kafr Nasij - Al-Habariya - Tell Maree road, which leads to Kanakir, is code named Tsaiqan.

Al-Mal - Aqraba road, which leads to Al-Hara, Nimr and Jasim, is code named Carlos.

Maskhara - Naba As-Sakhr road is code named Tslavon.

Edited by Iarmor

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Iarmor is there any chance you could conglomerate all this wonderful data into a document / pdf?

 

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I should finish first, there are a few more maps to go. Then I suppose copy-paste to MS Word will work - it seems to keep the links.

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October 16th Arab armies offensive:

 

1527da_78ff3da07cc84e1fabe36c41b1f8ee61~

 

The small map at the upper left shows the whole Syrian Enclave.

 

Southern enclave sector - IDF 210th armored division:

Jordanian 40th armored brigade (Centurions & M113s), under the command of the Syrian 9th infantry division, advance from Tell Al-Hara towards Tell Maskhara and repelled by IDF 679th and 179th armored brigades, from their positions on Tell Maskhara and Tell Al-Mal respectively. The Jordanian Centurions cause some confusion for the IDF, but they are eventually identified by their camouflage pattern and by the green flags on their antennas.

Iraqi 3rd armored division advances from Kafr Shams and Dir Al-Adas, assaults Tell Antar and Tell Alaqiya and repelled by IDF 205th armored brigade.

IDF 210th division HQ is at Tell Ash-Sha'ar. IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade is sent for help from the division's rear, first towards the Jordanians and then towards the Iraqis.

 

Northern enclave sector - IDF 36th armored division:

IDF 1st infantry brigade repels a Syrian assault on Mazra'at Beit Jann, coming from Hina and Maghr Al-Mir.

IDF 7th armored brigade repels a Syrian assault on Tell Ash-Shams, coming the north, NE (Sa'sa') and SE (Dir Makir).

IDF 71st armored battalion, from the 7th armored brigade, is sent from Tell Maree to attack Dir Al-Adas in order to relieve the heavy Iraqi pressure on the IDF 205th armored brigade.

 

The large map zooms-in on Kafr Nasij - Kafr Shams - Dir Al-Adas - Tell Arid - Tell Maree area. This map mistakenly mentions the Iraqi 12th armored brigade, but the attacking Iraqi forces were the 6th armored and 8th mechanized infantry brigades, while the 12th was recovering from the heavy losses it took on previous battles.

IDF 205th armored brigade HQ is on Tell Qarin. Its 125th armored battalion is on Tell Antar and Tell Alaqiya, while the 94th armored battalion joins in from Kafr Nasij. The 125th battalion CO was killed by Iraqi artillery shortly after his request to retreat had been denied by the 205th brigade CO.

IDF 71st armored battalion heads SE from Tell Maree and takes heavy Cobra ATGM fire from the Iraqi 20th mechanized infantry brigade positions at Dir Al-Adas - Tell Al-Masikh. The battalion turns east towards Tell Al-Masikh, engages Iraqi trucks coming from Ghabaghib on Tsirikh road and returns to Tell Maree.

Less than 10 IDF 210th armored division tanks are damaged. 40 Iraqi tanks are destroyed, many others are damaged and the Iraqis also lose 150 infantrymen.

 

Not on the map:

At the dawn of October 17th and again at the dawn of October 18th, IDF 205th armored brigade forces on Tell Antar repel attacks by Iraqi SF equipped with RPGs (not shown on the map).

On October 17th, a battalion from the IDF 7th armored brigade engages the Saudi 20th mechanized infantry brigade forces (destroys an AML-90 battalion) at Ein Afa - Tell Arid. IDF 188th armored brigade is reestablished in the Israeli Golan.

On October 18th, the IDF 146th armored division takes the 210th armored division positions in the southern flank of the Syrian Enclave, as the 210th, with its 179th and 679th armored brigades, is sent back to the Israeli Golan for recovery alongside the arising 188th armored brigade. The 9th mechanized infantry and 205th armored brigades stay in the Syrian Enclave, now under the 146th division, and are joined by the 4th mechanized infantry brigade. The 670th mechanized infantry brigade, with two Sherman battalions it received, is now solely responsible for the whole southern sector of the border, up until Al-Quneitra

Due to the importance of Tell Ash-Shams (perceived as "the gate for Damascus"), the IDF establishes a dedicated force to defend Tell Ash-Shams, composed of a tank battalion (7th armored brigade) and an infantry battalion (1st infantry brigade) and commanded by an infantry colonel. Under heavy Syrian artillery, hastened fortification works take place, as the original Syrian fortifications face the other way.

Edited by Iarmor

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October 19th Arab armies offensive:

 

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SE Enclave sector:

Again, the IDF (mostly the 205th armored brigade) repel Iraqi 3rd armored division (6th armored and 8th mechanized infantry brigades) assaults on Tell Alaqiya and Tell Antar from Kafr Shams and Dir Al-Adas.

At dawn, after a massive artillery barrage, an Iraqi mechanized infantry battalion manages to take Tell Antar for a short-while, but the IDF 205th armored brigade (after another night of repelling Iraqi SF raids) counterattacks, retakes the Tell and keeps blocking the Iraqi armor. IDF 205th armored brigade HQ is on Tell Qarin.

IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade (with one Sherman and two Shot Cal battalions) is sent from Tell Ayyuba through Maskhara, At-Tikha, Al-Mal and Kafr Nasij to secure the southern flank of the 205th brigade. It engages the Iraqis south of Tell Antar.

IDF 71st armored battalion (7th armored brigade, 36th armored division) is sent again from Tell Maree to attack SE and relieve pressure from the 205th armored brigade. It engages the Saudi 20th mechanized infantry brigade forces defending Ein Afa, then advances (this movement is not shown on the map) to engage the Iraqi forces at Dir Al-Adas and eventually returns to Tell Maree.

As a last resort to prevent his brigade from collapsing under the massive Iraqi armor horde, the 205th CO sends his reserve, a company of 4 Shot Meteors, to flank the Iraqis from the north. The flanking move breaks the Iraqi assault, the Iraqis retreat and Tell Alaqiya and Tell Antar remain in Israeli hands.

At night, IDF 9th mechanized infantry brigade replaces the 205th armored brigade on Tell Alaqiya and Tell Antar, as the 205th is sent to recover near Jaba.

 

SW Enclave sector:

IDF 567th paratrooper battalion, from the 317th paratrooper brigade, advances south from Tell Al-Kurum and takes Umm Batna before dawn. After taking it, the paratroopers in Umm Batna are replaced by an ad-hoc established mechanized infantry battalion (one Shot Meteor company from the 61st armored battalion & two halftrack companies), named Salad Force and tasked with defending Umm Batna.

Shortly later, a Syrian armored force (9th infantry division) counterattacks from Mamtina and takes back Umm Batna, while the IDF Salad Force loses its CO and retreats.

Then the IDF 4th mechanized infantry brigade, which parked north of Jaba, attacks again with two battalions (39th armored & 288th armored reconnaissance), destroy the Syrian tanks, run-down nearby Syrian artillery positions and retakes Umm Batna.

Later on, the Jordanian 40th armored brigade, still under the command of the Syrian 9th infantry division, is ordered by the Syrians to retrieve Umm Batna. The Jordanian brigade advances NW from Tell Al-Hara and splits in two at Naba As-Sakhr: one half heads NW to Mamtina - Rasm Al-Khawalid - Umm Batna, while the other heads north towards Tell Maskhara through Al-Muraba'at.

IDF 4th mechanized infantry brigade Centurions (the brigade's original Sherman battalion stayed in the Israeli Golan), positioned between Umm Batna and Tell Maskhara, engage the Jordanian Centurions starting at 8 kms range and eventually repel the Jordanian assaults from as close as 400 meters. One Jordanian Centurion company is destroyed 1 km north of Umm Batna, after it used the terrain (the IFF problem also contributed) to infiltrate between the defending IDF tank companies. The Jordanian brigade retreats to Tell Al-Hara.

 

IDF 146th armored division HQ is on the Booster (aka Tell Al-Makhfi), Iraqi 3rd armored division HQ is near Ghabaghib, Syrian 9th infantry division HQ is on Tell Al-Hara.

 

15 IDF tanks were damaged, while at least 15 Iraqi and 10 Jordanian tanks were destroyed and many others were damaged. The Syrians lost 10 tanks. 

 

Not shown on the map:

IDF 471st paratrooper battalion, also from the 317th paratrooper brigade, was sent to attack Tell Kudna, but the operation was canceled before the paratroopers had made contact with the Syrian Tell Kudna defenders.

Iraqi 12th armored brigade has recovered and its now back at full strength.

Iraqi 6th armored division: the 30th armored brigade has fully arrived to the Golan, takes place at the Iraqi 3rd armored division rear. The 6th armored division HQ and its 16th armored and 25th mechanized infantry brigades are on their way.

 

Edited by Iarmor

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On October 21st the IDF repels sporadic Syrian assaults. The most notable one is an armored battalion-size assault on Tell Maree, repelled by IDF 77th armored battalion.

IDF 179th armored brigade is sent to the Egyptian theater, crosses the Suez Canal on October 22nd and participates in the encirclement of the Egyptian 3rd field army.

 

After a long night battle, the IDF finally takes the Hermon mountain. The Israeli Hermon post, which was taken by the Syrians on the first day of the war, is taken back by IDF 1st infantry brigade with heavy losses. At the same time, IDF 317th paratrooper brigade takes the Syrian Hermon posts and the Hermon summit with light losses in a heliborne operation.

 

While the Syrian reestablish their 1st armored division, using the hundreds of tanks shipped to Syria by the Soviets, additional Arab forces keep arriving to the Golan. The Iraqi force includes an armored corps with two armored divisions (3th & 6th) and 3 infantry brigades (on October 8th, when the Syrians begged for help, an Iraqi general promised the Syrian MoD to send an army so massive that it will sprawl all the way from Damascus to Baghdad...). The Jordanians send their 3rd armored division (40th & 92nd armored brigades. The 40th is reinforced with an armored battalion from the 99th armored brigade to compensate for its losses). Saudi and Kuwaiti forces join in as well. The Arab armies plan a major attack on October 23rd, but cancel it before execution.

 

Ceasefire lines, October 24th:

 

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Israeli army:

 

Northern Enclave sector: 36th armored division at Beit Jann springs - Mazra'at Beit Jann (and several hills to the NE) - Tell Ash-Shams - Tell Maree.

Southern Enclave sector: 146th armored division at Tell Alaqiya - Tell Antar - Tell Al-Mal - Tell Maskhara - Umm Batna - Al-Karm.

Southern sector (south of Al-Quneitra): 670th mechanized infantry brigade.

Hermon ridge (including the ex-Syrian posts and the summit): 317th paratrooper brigade.

At the rear: 210th armored division near Alyqa.

 

Total: 390 tanks, 24 medium artillery batteries, 42 field artillery batteries (including heavy mortars and rocket launchers).

 

Syrian and allied Arab armies:

 

Syrian 65th armored brigade (from the 3rd armored division) between Qatana and Khan Ash-Sheikh.

Syrian brigade at Artuz - Tell Kawkab.

Syrian brigade at An-Nufur - Kanakir - Shaqhab - Arkis.

Iraqi 3rd armored division at Tell Arid - Dir Al-BakhtJabab - As-Sanamin - Qeita.

Iraqi 6th armored division concentrated at the rear, near Ghabaghib.

Syrian 52nd infantry brigade east of Ruwykhina, around Mamtina - Naba As-Sakhr and south of Aqraba.

Jordanian 3rd armored division at Tell Al-Hara and around Tell MutawaqAs-Sariya - Al-Faqi'.

Syrian 33rd infantry brigade between Kudna, Qarqas and Jasim.

UI brigade NW of Mahaja, south of Al-Qaniya.

Syrian 112th infantry brigade between Ghadir Al-Boostan, Tell Al-Jabiya and Nawa.

Syrian 61st infantry brigade between Ein Dhakar and Tasil, west of Tell Jumu.

 

Total: 1125 tanks (755 on the front-line), 68 medium artillery batteries, 27 field artillery batteries.

 

Golan tank fleet diagram:

 

1527da_9c630f9dd01e4d3aa5f5d01dd303dbbf~

 

October 6th: IDF 170, Syria 930 (additional 470 are in the second operational echelon. Total fleet is 1650).

October 10th: IDF 400, Syria 300-400.

October 14th: IDF 300, Arabs (Syria, Iraq, Jordan) 300.

October 18th: IDF 400, Arabs 520 (Syria 150, Iraq 300, Jordan 70. Over 300 additional tanks are near Damascus).

October 22nd: IDF 400 (the 179th armored brigade ,with 30 tanks, is sent to the Egyptian theater), Arabs 710 (Syria 200, Iraq 330, Jordan 180. Over 300 additional tanks are near Damascus).

October 24th: IDF 390, Arabs 750 (Syria 250, Iraq 330, Jordan 180. Over 300 additional tanks are near Damascus).

 

The Iraqis, upset with the Syrians accepting the ceasefire, return their forces to Iraq by the first week of November. The Jordanian force stays in Syria a bit longer, until January 1st 1974.

OTOH, a Cuban armored brigade arrives to the Golan in November. They play an important role in reestablishing the Syrian armor corps, participate in skirmishes (sometimes with mixed tank crews - Cuban TC and gunner, Syrian loader and driver) with the IDF and finally leave Syria for Angola only in October 1975.

On the Israeli side, the 146th armored division was sent to Sinai in early November, with the 205th armored and 670th mechanized infantry brigades and the 288th armored reconnaissance battalion. Its artillery regiment, the 213th, was already sent to Sinai starting on October 14th.

Skirmishes occur until June 1974 (mostly between March and May, especially on the Hermon), when the parties reach a disengagement agreement.

Edited by Iarmor

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Haim Danon, who served as a battalion XO and CO in the reserve 679th armored brigade (Shot Meteor tanks) during the war, describes his war experiences to British army officers visiting the Golan Heights:

 

 

 

In the in-door video, Danon also tells about the Israeli trials with the Chieftain. He was among the first 4 IDF officers sent to Bovington in 1966 to study the Chieftain tank and left the active service in 1970 after the Chieftain deal was canceled.

The out-door video was filmed at the 679th armored brigade memorial theater on Mount Shipon (aka Tell Abu Khanzir), which observes the brigade's battlefield during October 7th-10th.  

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